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This paper for senior World Bank management and staff describes the current status and impact of the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and tuberculosis (TB) epidemic in southern Africa, the strategic role the Bank has played to date, and puts forward an action plan for deeper Bank engagement with the middle-income countries (MICs) in this subregion, especially in light of the new political commitment by the government of South Africa.
This is the sixth NHDR produced since 1998. The theme of the 2007 edition is the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The report looks carefully at general status of HIV and AIDS in Mozambique, its different facets and causes, its historical evolution, how it is regarded by society and its potential impact on the public and private sectors. The report finds that HIV and AIDS are exacerbating the problems of poverty, malnutrition, low educational levels and gender disparities, thus threatening the attainment of the MDGs as well as slowing growth and development.