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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008: the health of our children

    The main rationale for this study was to better understand the health status of South African children in relation to HIV. Children have not been adequately included in national health surveys such as the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), and this study allowed for the assessment of progress towards the realisation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the attainment of the National Strategic Plan targets in South Africa. …

  2. AIDS and the accumulation and utilization of human capital in Africa

    Education is among the most prominent of the great challenges of development. This paper outlines the likely effects of the AIDS pandemic in Africa on the continent's ability to produce education and use it effectively for growth and poverty reduction. Four channels are explored. First, a supply effect: The deaths of millions of adults, and among them hundreds of thousands of teachers, will bring an increase in Africa's already relatively high fiscal burden of teacher salaries or the need to reduce the educational requirements of teachers. …

  3. Development implications of HIV/AIDS, the case of AIDS orphans and caregivers in Addis Ababa

    Children orphaned due to HIV/AIDS are those with broken families, beyond their control they are vulnerable to various kinds of survival and human rights problems. Their problems are so complex, multi-dimensional and very serious and have been increasing in the sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia, as one of SSA country, is most seriously affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with the estimated number of AIDS orphans between 720,000 to 1,200,000 while this number, in the study area is estimated to be about 20,000 to 30,000. …

  4. Mozambique National Human Development Report 2007. Challenges and opportunities: the response to HIV and AIDS

    This is the sixth NHDR produced since 1998. The theme of the 2007 edition is the HIV and AIDS pandemic. The report looks carefully at general status of HIV and AIDS in Mozambique, its different facets and causes, its historical evolution, how it is regarded by society and its potential impact on the public and private sectors. The report finds that HIV and AIDS are exacerbating the problems of poverty, malnutrition, low educational levels and gender disparities, thus threatening the attainment of the MDGs as well as slowing growth and development.

  5. Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers: Do they matter for children and young people made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS? Results of a joint UNICEF and World Bank review.

    It is widely agreed that HIV/AIDS should be prominent in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) of African countries in light of the challenge the pandemic poses to poverty reduction efforts. A desk review of PRSPs and National Strategic Plans on HIV/AIDS was therefore conducted to assess how HIV/AIDS is being addressed in PRSPs. …

  6. HIV/AIDS: What it Means for Nigeria. Background, projections, impact, interventions, policy

    Though responding to the HIV/AIDS epidemic is no longer seen to be the exclusive responsibility of the health sector, this sector has always provided the technical know-how and leadership for collecting information on the trends of the epidemic over the past decade. Without these efforts it would be impossible to determine what impact current interventions are achieving, a situation that may discourage those who have committed so much of their time and resources to this battle. …

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