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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Bullying of lesbian and gay youth: a qualitative investigation

    The preponderance of bullying research does not address sexual orientation as a possible factor. The purpose of this study was to explore the perspectives of service providers and youth advocates working with lesbian and gay communities in order to increase understanding of bullying of lesbian and gay youth. In depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine key informants from various education and social service settings. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Inductive data analysis was conducted using a constant comparative method. …

  2. Sortons l'homophobie du placard et de nos écoles secondaires

    Que savons-nous des manifestations de l'homophobie à l'école secondaire québécoise? Que font les écoles secondaires afin de contrer cette forme de violence? Comment améliorer le bien-être des jeunes de la diversité sexuelle à l'école secondaire? Pour répondre à ces questions, le Conseil permanent de la jeunesse a entrepris, à l'été 2005, une recherche sur ces sujets. Six sections constituent le présent ouvrage. Dans la première section du document, le Conseil propose une réflexion autour du concept d'homophobie. …

  3. L'homophobie à l'école secondaire au Québec: portrait de la situation, impacts et pistes de solution, rapport de recherche

    Plusieurs enquêtes récentes, principalement états-uniennes, et depuis peu canadiennes, ont sondé la prévalence de l'homophobie - qu'elle soit d'ordre physique, verbal ou autre - dans les écoles ainsi que ses conséquences néfastes sur les jeunes qui en sont victimes.En documentant de façon concrète l'homophobie en milieu scolaire et ses impacts sur la persévérance et la réussite scolaires, notre recherche vise à informer, à mobiliser et à outiller l'ensemble des acteurs du monde de l'éducation en ce qui concerne les conséquences négatives de l'homophobie sur les jeunes qui en sont victimes.

  4. Every class in every school: final report on the first national climate survey on homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia in Canadian schools

    This report discusses the results of a national survey of Canadian high school students undertaken in order to investigate what life at school is like for students with sexual or gender minority status. Our study sought to identify the forms and extent of students' experiences of homophobic and transphobic incidents at school, the impact of those experiences, and the efficacy of measures being taken by schools to combat these common forms of bullying. The study involved surveying over 3700 students from across Canada between December 2007 and June 2009 through two methods. …

  5. La lutte contre l'homophobie en milieu scolaire: rapport descriptif des guides d'intervention disponibles au Québec

    Ce rapport constitue l'un des volets de la recherche sur l'impact de l'homophobie et de la violence homophobe sur la persévérance et la réussite scolaires dont les objectifs étaient de : 1) dresser un portrait du climat relativement à l'homophobie dans les établissements scolaires du secteur public offrant de l'enseignement au niveau du 2e cycle du secondaire et au niveau du collégial ; 2) examiner l'impact des expériences de victimisation vécues par des jeunes sur leur cheminement scolaire, les facteurs qui accentuent leur vulnérabilité et ceux qui facilitent leur résilience. …

  6. L'homophobie à l'école, ça vaut le coup d'agir ensemble! Plan d'action pour prévenir et traiter la violence à l'école 2008-2011

    Les propos et comportements homophobes sont présents dans le milieu scolaire et atteignent un grand nombre de jeunes, pas seulement les gais, les lesbiennes ou les bisexuels. L'intervention face à l'homophobie est une question de protection des jeunes tout autant qu'une question de climat scolaire. Considérant les impacts possibles sur le bien-être et la santé mentale des jeunes, cette problématique nécessite une considération particulière. …

  7. Special issue: anti-homophobia teacher education

    This special issue focuses on one particular field of social justice; that is, anti-homophobia education. The various papers included explore how antihomophobia education is being approached in some teacher education programs and in the broader field of education in regions of Australia and Canada. It provides a glimpse of how teacher educators and educators more generally are trying to counteract, disrupt and challenge the homophobia and heterosexism that prevail in educational contexts and in broader communities. …

  8. Educators' beliefs about raising lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues in the schools: the experience in Ontario, Canada

    This study investigated the experiences of 132 LGBT and heterosexual teachers and school administrators in Ontario, Canada. Participants completed a survey that asked about their comfort addressing LGBT issues in the school setting, how safe they felt, how active they were, and their perceptions of barriers. There were few differences between the LGBT and heterosexual respondents. However, respondents whose school district had an anti-LGBT harassment policy felt more supported, comfortable, and protected. …

  9. Suicidal ideation among Canadian youth: a multivariate analysis

    A multivariate model was developed incorporating various socio-demographic, social-environmental, and social-psychological factors in an attempt to predict suicidal ideation among Canadian youth. The main research objective sought to determine what socially based factors elevate or reduce suicidal ideation within this population. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth - Cycle 5 (2003), a cross-sectional sample of 1,032 was used to empirically identify various social determinants of suicidal ideation among youth between the ages of 12 and 15. …

  10. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth with disabilities: a meta-synthesis

    This meta-synthesis of empirical and nonempirical literature analyzed 24 journal articles and book chapters that addressed the intersection of disability, [homo]sexuality, and gender identity/ expression in P-12 schools, colleges and universities, supported living programs, and other educational and social contexts in Australia, Belgium, Canada, New Zealand, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. …

  11. Cost of homophobia: literature review of the economic impact of homophobia on Canada

    Research was reviewed related to the negative results of homophobia on gays, lesbians and bisexuals (GLB), and the economic impact of such negative effects. Homophobia was defined as the irrational fear of, or aversion to, homosexuals and homosexuality, while the related construct of heterosexism was defined as a belief system that values heterosexuality as superior to and/or more natural than homosexuality, and/or the assumption that all people are heterosexual. …

  12. British Columbia

    Most school districts in British Columbia have failed to address homophobic bullying through programs and policies related to school safety. Two exceptions, namely the Victoria and Vancouver school districts, have adopted policies that specify homophobic bullying and education for students, staff, and administrators.

  13. Conversations in equity and social justice: constructing safe schools for queer youth

    The paper is a critique of discourse focused on at-risk behaviour and homophobic bullying. The paper argues that conversations around homophobic bullying must include discussions of doing equity and achieving social justice, in which the ultimate goal of constructing safe schools is achieved through the utter transformation of school culture. Failure to do anything less continues to license homophobia and makes predictable and inevitable violence against queer youth. …

  14. Youth speak up about homophobia and transphobia: the first national climate survey on homophobia in Canadian schools

    Educators and researchers have long been aware that students experience homophobic incidents ranging from hearing "gay" used as a synonym for "stupid" or "worthless", to being insulted or assaulted because of their actual or perceived sexual or transgender identity. This report discusses the results of a national survey of Canadian high school students undertaken in order to identify the forms and extent of their experiences of homophobic and transphobic incidents at school and the efficacy of measures being taken by schools to combat these common form of bullying.

  15. Addressing homophobia in relation to HIV/AIDS in aboriginal communities: final report of the environmental scan 2004-05

    Addressing Homophobia in Relation to HIV/AIDS in Aboriginal Communities (AHRHAAC) is a project of the Canadian Aboriginal AIDS Network (CAAN). AHRHAAC was created to look at how organizations serving Aboriginal people can help to create supportive and nonjudgmental environments for two-spirit people living with HIV/AIDS through the development of policies that address homophobia and by raising awareness in Aboriginal communities on how to address homophobia when it is a barrier to HIV/AIDS prevention and education. …

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