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The Nigerian HIV prevalence rate is declining however, stigma indices does not show corresponding decline. Drivers of the HIV epidemic include the structural, contextual and social factors, such as poverty, gender inequality, inequity and poor access to health care, as well as stigma and discrimination and other human rights violations. However, several positive actions have been taken to address stigma and discrimination issues in the country. …
The content includes intervention strategies that will ensure: 1. The prevention of HIV transmission. 2. Access to care, treatment and support for PLWHA and People Affected By HIV and AIDS (PABA). 3. Access to education and socio-economic security for orphans and vulnerable children. 4. Elimination of stigma and discrimination against PLWHA and PABA. 5. Promotion and protection of the rights of PLWHA. 6. A definition of the roles and responsibilities of government, employers, workers, teachers, learners and all stakeholders within the sector
The paper provides in-depth information on the inextricable relationship between HIV/AIDS and human rights, including issues relating to testing, confidentiality, access to treatment/drugs, gender, the workplace, health worker/patient interaction and HIV/AIDS in the family and community and among vulnerable populations such as prisoners and sex workers. It draws extensively from material prepared by UNAIDS and the United Nations Centre for Human Rights (UNCHR), and the International Guidelines on Human Rights.