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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  2. Can we measure HIV/AIDS-related Stigma and Discrimination? Current Knowledge about Quantifying Stigma in Developing Countries

    HIV-related stigma and discrimination (S&D) has accompanied the AIDS epidemic from the start. Fear of and actual experience with stigma and discrimination reduce an individual's willingness to practice prevention, seek HIV testing, disclose his or her HIV status to others, ask for (or give) care and support, and begin and adhere to treatment. This report suggests ways to begin the process of quantitatively measuring HIV related stigma in an effort to help practitioners, policymakers and donors evaluate their programs. …

  3. Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study

    Cross-sectional studies have shown that intimate partner violence and gender inequity in relationships are associated with increased prevalence of HIV in women. Yet temporal sequence and causality have been questioned, and few HIV prevention programmes address these issues. The article assessed whether intimate partner violence and relationship power inequity increase risk of incident HIV infection in South African women. …

  4. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: Expanding the Research and Program Agenda

    This paper's focuses on areas of relatively poorly addressed or understood aspects of young people's sexual and reproductive health. The authors propose to argue for the need to supplement our knowledge and programmatic interventions with regard to three specific issues related to young people's lives that need attention: (a) an overlooked sub-population of married adolescent girls; (b) an overlooked behavior of sex without consent; (c) programmatic interventions that work (or do not) in enhancing young people's health and development.

  5. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  6. HIV/AIDS in Latin America from social point of view

    This study on HIV/AIDS-related legislation and public policies developed by the Latin American Social Sciences Institute (FLACSO) between March and June 2008 aims not only to identify specific policies and laws on HIV and AIDS but also to broaden the scope so as to include those that guarantee or obstruct the rights of key populations. …

  7. Harm reduction and human rights: the global response to drug-related HIV epidemics

    IHRA's HR2 programme released a report entitled Harm Reduction and Human Rights: The Global Response to Drug Related HIV Epidemics. This report provides a concise overview of the global situation in terms of drug related HIV epidemics worldwide, with a particular focus on the regions of Asia, Central Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, the Middle East, Central and Eastern Europe and North Africa, and Sub Saharan Africa. …

  8. Avec le VIH et sida

    Cet article est écrit par Mme Sabah Acharki et a été publié sur le site web Diwan arabes.com. Dans cet article l'auteur esquisse de manière rapide les faits et les données de VIH et sida à la fin du XXe siècle et au début du troisième millénaire. L'écrivain analyse ensuite les causes de la propagation du VIH et sida dans le monde en général et dans les pays arabes en particulier. Le cas du Maroc fait l'objet d'une étude de cas dans le présent article. …

  9. Toolkit for targeted HIV/AIDS prevention and care in sex work settings

    This toolkit was published in 2005 by the WHO. This toolkit is intended for use by anyone involved in HIV prevention initiatives in sex work settings. The purpose of this toolkit is to make both published and unpublished information more accessible to a wider audience, and so to contribute to global efforts to develop and scale up effective HIV interventions in sex work settings. Most of the items in this toolkit focus on HIV prevention in such settings. Less information is available on treatment, care and support for sex workers living with HIV. …

  10. A Escola na Prevenção das DST/VIH/SIDA - Manual de Apoio ao Professor

    Este manual constituí em grande parte uma tradução de outro manual de Républica Centro-Africana " La pévention du SIDA en milieu scolaire ". Foi elaborado pelo Ministério da Educação de Angola e tem como objectivo de servir de documento de referência e de instrumento de trabalho às equipas pedagógicas e aos professores na realização das suas actividades, e de favorecer os próprios alunos na aquisição de conhecimentos, e sobretudo de competências necessárias para análise, compreensão e resolução correcta, de forma individual ou colectiva, dos problemas das DST/HIV/SIDA, no meio escolar. …

  11. Law N° 64/2006/QH11 on HIV/AIDS prevention and control

    This law provides for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. After general considerations on HIV and AIDS, especially in Vietnam, this document establishes social measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (the role of information, education and communication, the mobilization of families, organizations and individuals in HIV/AIDS prevention and control). It alsoáexamines medical technical measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (testing, treatment and care of infected people).

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