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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Young People Living with HIV Around the World: Challenges to health and well-being persist

    Around the world, 5 million young people are living with HIV. Most live in the Global South in countries that lack the resources to meet their needs. They face widespread stigma in a world that still often misunderstands HIV and fears or blames those who have it – and the majority of HIV-positive youth are women, placing them at an even greater societal disadvantage in many countries. This brief provides an overview of HIV-positive youth: who is infected, treatment options and challenges, needs of positive youth, stigma and programs.

  2. Universal access from vulnerability to resilience: the Latin American and Caribbean strategic framework for strengthening national responses to HIV for gay men, other MSM and trans people

    This Regional Strategic Framework focuses on three core issues that are of utmost importance for the realization of the MDG 6 in Latin America and the Caribbean: evidence, human rights and capacity. Effective responses to HIV epidemics require robust and reliable information about who is affected by HIV and about what works in prevention and care. Effective responses also require attention to stigma and discrimination, which continue to undermine commitments and responses from both affected populations and community leaders. …

  3. Dignity denied: violations of the rights of HIV-positive women in Chilean health facilities

    Dignity Denied documents the systemic discrimination and abuse that HIV-positive women endure in Chilean health facilities. Based on women's testimonies and those of healthcare providers, this report exposes the discriminatory and often dehumanizing experiences that Chilean women living with HIV/AIDS face when seeking healthcare, including failures to protect patient confidentiality, lack of adequate pre- and post-test counseling, delayed or abusive treatment, pressure to not bear children, and coercive and forced sterilization.

  4. The role of human rights in ensuring universal access to HIV testing and counselling. Report of a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organization. the Joint United Programme on HIV/AIDS and the Open Society Institute, 12-13 October 2009

    The main objective of the meeting was to bridge the gap between existing HIV testing and counselling guidance and implementation to ensure the human rights protections in the HIV testing and counselling scale-up that are necessary to achieve universal access to comprehensive HIV services. It was hoped that the participants would reach consensus on concrete strategies and specific activities to overcome two types of barriers to ensuring human rights in the practice of HIV testing and counselling: political/systemic barriers and technical barriers. …

  5. Global Consultation on Strengthening the Health Sector Response to Care, Support, Treatment and Prevention for Young People Living with HIV

    The overarching objective of the consultation was to review and synthesize the experiences of young people living with HIV and health workers responsible for providing services for them, including the identification of gaps and obstacles in the provision and use of services, in order to offer practical recommendations on how to improve the health sector response. …

  6. Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado

    "Aids e gravidez: os sentidos do risco e o desafio do cuidado", a partir de uma estudo qualitativo com depoentes soropositos e seus parceiros, busca compreender como o risco da transmissão vertical do HIV é apreendido e reconstruído pelas pessoas vivendo com HIV/Aids no momento de suas decisões reprodutivas. Dentre os resultados apontados, destaca-se o fato de que as questões reprodutivas não sâo explicitadas no espaço dos serviços de saúde. …

  7. Compresión y respuesta al estigma y la discriminación por el VIH/sida en el sector salud

    El presente análisis procura profundizar la comprensión del estigma y la discriminación en relación con el VIH/SIDA en los servicios de salud de América Latina y el Caribe. Con este fin, primero se examinan los componentes del fenómeno, su interrelación y las lagunas en los conocimientos actuales. En segundo lugar, se comparan estudios sobre el estigma y la discriminación y proyectos destinados a reducir su incidencia y repercusiones. Por último, se esbozan las estrategias para una respuesta integral. …

  8. El estigma asociado al VIH/SIDA: el caso de los prestadores de servicios de salud en México

    Este documentoáanaliza el estigma y la discriminación relacionados con el VIH/SIDA por parte de los prestadores de servicios de salud en tres estados de la República mexicana, con base en las percepciones que tienen sobre la infección y las personas que viven con VIH/SIDA (PVVS). Material y métodos: Descripción cualitativa y cuantitativa. Observación en nueve instituciones; entrevistas en profundidad (14) y encuestas (373) a proveedores de servicios de salud. …

  9. Transforming the national AIDS response: mainstreaming gender equality and women's human rights into the "three ones"

    Statistics on HIV and AIDS present a stark reality. Today, after over 25 years of working to combat this pandemic, over 30 million people are living with HIV, half of them women. Women's infection rates are rising, often dramatically, outpacing those of men in many countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The single most important strategy in preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS is empowering women and girls and guaranteeing their rights to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  10. Salud, VIH-sida y sexualidad trans: Atención de la salud de personas travestis y transexuales. Estudio de seroprevalencia de VIH en personas trans

    Documento sobre atención de salud de personas travestis y transexuales (nacidas con sexo masculino) en Argentina.áLa primera parte de esta publicación y consta de cinco artículos. El primero es "Nociones generales sobre sexualidad", en el que se presentan algunos conceptos básicos que, entendemos, permiten salir de una lectura "natural" de la sexualidad para poder pensarla como un hecho social y cultural. Entender la complejidad de cómo nos formamos como hombres o mujeres permite entender mejor por qué también podemos ser trans. …

  11. Suggested Input to 2010 GMR from UNAIDS IATT on Education

    The UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education has established a working group to support the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS issues in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) with the objective of enhancing the profile of the role of education in preventing HIV and in building capacity to respond to the worse impacts of the epidemic. This document was prepared and submitted to the GMR Team to inform the 2010 GMR which is on Reaching and Teaching the Most Marginalised. …

  12. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  13. Advancing the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Human Rights of People Living With HIV. A Guidance Package

    Advancing the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Human Rights of People Living with HIV is the outcome of a comprehensive, two-year process of research and analysis. With input from networks of people with HIV worldwide, the Guidance Package explains what global stakeholders in the areas of advocacy, health systems, policy making and law can do to support and advance the sexual and reproductive health of people living with HIV, and why these issues matter. …

  14. Marcelline et Jojo: un combat pour la vie

    Cette bande dessinée est le fruit de la collaboration entre le SFPS (Projet Régional Santé Familiale et Prévention du SIDA) établit à Abidjan et ONUSIDA Equipe Inter-Pays (Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre). L'élaboration de ce document a aussi bénéficié de la participation active du Réseau Africain des Personnes Vivant avec le VIH (RAP+), et en particulier de PVVIH venant du Burkina Faso, de la Côte d'Ivoire, du Mali, du Sénégal et du Togo et du soutien financier d'USAID. Le thème principal de ce document est la stigmatisation et la discrimination faites aux personnes vivant avec le VIH. …

  15. Understanding and challenging HIV stigma. Toolkit for action. Modules F & G: Coping with stigma. Treatment and stigma

    This document is part of a toolkit written for and by HIV trainers. The toolkit has been designed to help trainers plan and organise educational sessions with community leaders or organised groups. It consists in a collection of participatory training exercises to help people at all levels understand stigma - what it means, why it is an important issue, what its root causes are - and develop strategies to challenge stigma and discrimination. The present document contains the Module F "Coping with stigma" and the Module G, "Treatment and stigma". …

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