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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Revealing the full extent of households’ experiences of HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa

    Households experience HIV and AIDS in a complex and changing set of environments. These include health and welfare treatment and support services, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and individual and household social and economic circumstances. This paper documents the experiences of 12 households directly affected by HIV and AIDS in rural KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, between 2002 and 2004. The households were observed during repeated visits over a period of more than a year by ethnographically trained researchers. …

  2. The people living with HIV stigma index: South Africa 2014. Summary Report

    The South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) has announced concrete measures to tackle persistent forms of stigma and discrimination that continue to affect large numbers of people infected with HIV and/or TB. These measures include a legal advice and litigation service offered through the nationwide network of Justice Centres run by Legal Aid South Africa. SANAC Chair Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and the Deputy Minister of Health Dr Joe Phaahla launched the campaign on Tuesday 9 June in Durban at the release of nationwide research commissioned by SANAC to establish a Stigma Index. …

  3. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  4. HIV-related discrimination among grade six students in nine southern African countries

    Background: HIV-related stigmatisation and discrimination by young children towards their peers have important consequences at the individual level and for our response to the epidemic, yet research on this area is limited. Methods: We used nationally representative data to examine discrimination of HIV-positive children by grade six students (n = 39,664) across nine countries in Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. …

  5. Code of good practice on key aspects of HIV/AIDS and employment. Department of Labour, Employment Equity Act, Act No. 55 of 1998

    The Code’s primary objective is to set out guidelines for employers and trade unions to implement so as to ensure individuals with HIV infection are not unfairly discriminated against in the workplace. This includes provisions regarding: creating a non-discriminatory work environment; dealing with HIV testing, confidentiality and disclosure; providing equitable employee benefits; dealing with dismissals; and managing grievance procedures.

  6. Do South African learners stigmatize HIV/AIDS infected peers?

    The results of this Brief point to an increased significance of strengthening educational programmes and policies in the schooling sector as South Africa strives to reduce not only the prevalence of HIV and AIDS but also to develop positive learner attitudes among children of school going age. …

  7. UWC HIV/AIDS policy

    The University of the Western Cape (UWC) acknowledges the seriousness of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and recognises that the disease will have a significant impact on the University. The University shares the understanding of AIDS as a chronic, life-threatening disease with social, economic and human rights implications. …

  8. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Tackling HIV/AIDS stigma: Guidelines for people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    It is very important to address HIV/AIDS stigma in order to improve the quality of the lives of people living with HIV/AIDS and to address prevention effectively. Powerful negative metaphors related to HIV/AIDS reinforce stigma and create a sense of otherness. Othering occurs when blame and shame are assigned to people living with HIV/AIDS. This sets a moral tone that contributes towards people conceptualising PLHAs as different, and guides thinking toward a "them" and "us" division. …

  9. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on teachers in sub-Saharan Africa: a further update

    It is still widely anticipated that the AIDS epidemic will have a devastating impact on the education sector in Africa. Faced with this impending crisis, leading experts have called for a transformation in the functioning of schools and the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS in the education sector supported by donors. Numerous reports and articles state that the number of teachers dying from AIDS-related illnesses continues to increase very rapidly and that this is causing serious shortages of teachers. This article updates the figures that are known in that field.

  10. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for the workplace

    These guidelines were developed to provide people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA), HIV/AIDS co-ordinators and managers within a workplace setting with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create a HIV/AIDS-friendly environment in an appropriate and effective manner. Although the research was conducted in a government workplace, it is believed that many of the recommendations are relevant in other workplace settings. Additional sets of guidelines are available for the faith and PLHA sectors. …

  11. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    These guidelines were developed to provide faith leaders, HIVAIDS committees,people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in the faith community and opinion leaders within the faith-based sector with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create an environment free of HIV/AIDS stigma. Additional guidelines for PLHAs and media, and the national government workplace sector, are also available. The guidelines are not exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other guideline Siyam'kela documents produced on HIV/AIDS and stigma.

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