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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. LGBTI in OECD countries: a review

    This paper presents an overview of the socio-economic situation of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender and intersex people (LGBTI), primarily in OECD countries. After investigating the size of this population, the paper zooms in on attitudes toward LGBTI, LGBTI rights and perceived discrimination among LGBTI. It goes on to discuss the empirical strategies used to identify whether LGBTI fare worse than non-LGBTI and provides a systematic review of survey-based and experimental evidence on such an “LGBTI penalty” and its causes. This exploration points to substantial hurdles for LGBTI. …

  2. Diversidad sexual, discriminación y pobreza frente al acceso a la salud pública : demandas de la comunidad TLGBI en Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú

    La presente investigación busca analizar cómo se conforma la pobreza y vulnerabilidad en las comunidades TLGBI a partir de los procesos de exclusión y discriminación, construidos desde la heteronormatividad, dentro de la elaboración e implementación de las políticas públicas de salud en Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú. Para ello, la primera interrogante gira en torno a cómo los sistemas de salud pública en los países estudiados han implementado el componente de orientación sexual y/o identidad de género en su normativa y ejecución desde el año 2000 hasta la actualidad.

  3. Code of good practice on key aspects of HIV/AIDS and employment. Department of Labour, Employment Equity Act, Act No. 55 of 1998

    The Code’s primary objective is to set out guidelines for employers and trade unions to implement so as to ensure individuals with HIV infection are not unfairly discriminated against in the workplace. This includes provisions regarding: creating a non-discriminatory work environment; dealing with HIV testing, confidentiality and disclosure; providing equitable employee benefits; dealing with dismissals; and managing grievance procedures.

  4. Need and Significance of HIV/AIDS Preventive Education in Pakistan

    This book gives a comprehensive view about threats of HIV/AIDS. The global, regional and national scenario as well we the impact of this disease, on socio economic development is explained in detail. It also throws light on the important role and the challenges being faced by education sector for prevention from the epidemic.

  5. Reporting from within. HIV and AIDS in the South Caucasus: a manual for journalists

    In Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia a general lack of HIV and AIDS coverage currently exists while HIV rates are rising throughout the broader region. What's more, the very complicated issues associated to HIV and AIDS have by some accounts created a greater need for specialist health reporters. The combination of these dilemmas in the South Caucasus requires an increase of coverage with a more thoughtful approach to reporting. …

  6. Suggested Input to 2010 GMR from UNAIDS IATT on Education

    The UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education has established a working group to support the mainstreaming of HIV and AIDS issues in the Education for All Global Monitoring Report (GMR) with the objective of enhancing the profile of the role of education in preventing HIV and in building capacity to respond to the worse impacts of the epidemic. This document was prepared and submitted to the GMR Team to inform the 2010 GMR which is on Reaching and Teaching the Most Marginalised. …

  7. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Examining HIV/AIDS stigma in selected South African media: January - March 2003. A summary

    The aim of the media scan - which is the focus of this report - is to provide a context for the Siyam'kela fieldwork, so that the reader has a snapshot view of how HIV/AIDS was portrayed in the popular television, radio and print media in South Africa at the time that the field research was undertaken. This report provides an executive summary of the process and findings of the media scan conducted between January and March 2003.

  8. Women and Men. Together for HIV/AIDS Prevention. Literacy, Gender and HIV/AIDS

    The stereotyping of men and women reinforces unequal sexual practice; a vision of women as weak, innocent, passive and submissive while men are strong, virile, possessive and authoritative is conducive to rape and violence. The role of superstitious beliefs is an important factor; these generally take from women in various ways their right of choice and power of decision over their bodies.The special problems of living with HIV occur in all societies; the responsibility for honesty in sexual relations and proper care of sufferers. …

  9. Development implications of HIV/AIDS, the case of AIDS orphans and caregivers in Addis Ababa

    Children orphaned due to HIV/AIDS are those with broken families, beyond their control they are vulnerable to various kinds of survival and human rights problems. Their problems are so complex, multi-dimensional and very serious and have been increasing in the sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopia, as one of SSA country, is most seriously affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with the estimated number of AIDS orphans between 720,000 to 1,200,000 while this number, in the study area is estimated to be about 20,000 to 30,000. …

  10. National gender policy plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010

    Papua New Guinea's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP) recognised that gender is a key factor shaping both the epidemic and the national response to it. To ensure that the gender dimensions of the epidemic receive sufficient attention, the National AIDS Council (NAC) commissioned this National Gender Policy and Plan on HIV and AIDS (NGP). It is based on extensive consultations and research carried out between 2004 and 2006, including a gender audit of the NSP and a gender impact evaluation of the activities of the National HIV/AIDS Support Project (NHASP). …

  11. Strategic plan for the national program in the fight against AIDS 1999 - 2002

    The process for the formulation of this Strategic Plan against STIs/HIV/AIDS for 2000 - 2002 began in July 1998 with a seminar that involved ministerial representatives, NGOs, churches and private and public corporations. Having identified points of contact in the different sectors mentioned above, three other meetings were conducted. This meeting was the last step in this multi-sectorial and multi-disciplinary involvement. …

  12. Framework for the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    The Regional Strategic Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Children Affected by HIV/AIDS provides guidance to the eight member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) on a consistent approach across South Asia to the protection, care and support of children affected by HIV/AIDS. The regional framework promotes a universal approach to ensure children affected by HIV/AIDS have access to the same public and social support systems which are available to other children, rather than being separated or singled out. …

  13. State of world population 2002: people, poverty and possibilities

    Attacking poverty directly, as a matter of human rights, to accelerate development and to reduce inequality within and among nations, has become an urgent global priority. World leaders have agreed on a variety of new initiatives, including the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This year's State of the World Population report is a contribution to the discussion and a guide to action. This publication characterizes poverty by reviewing its many dimensions and looks at several of the key issues including, poverty and gender, poverty and health and poverty and education. …

  14. Women: meeting the challenges of HIV/AIDS

    The brochure summarizes the possible approaches in promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women as they are fundamental elements in the reduction of the vulnerability of women and girls to HIV/AIDS. The suggestions include promoting health and access to service; empowering women to make decisions in relations to sexual and reproductive health; promoting human and equal rights of women; increasing women's access to income-generating activities; providing care and support to HIV-positive women, their children a, partners and families, etc.

  15. A world fit for children: millennium development goals, special session on children documents, the convention on the rights of the child

    The document contains the commitments that were part of the Special Session on Children: the Millennium Development Goals, early pledged to by all 189 United Nations Member States; the Children's statement, 'A World Fit for Us', delivered at the opening plenary of the Special Session by two young delegates; the consensus outcome documents of the General Assembly, 'A World Fit for Children', with goals and targets to be met; and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, ratified, acceded to a signed by 192 countries in the 12 years since it was first ratified, and the two Optional Protocols t …

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