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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National HIV/AIDS stigma reduction strategy: Stigma and discrimination reduction in the national HIV/AIDS response

    The Nigerian HIV prevalence rate is declining however, stigma indices does not show corresponding decline. Drivers of the HIV epidemic include the structural, contextual and social factors, such as poverty, gender inequality, inequity and poor access to health care, as well as stigma and discrimination and other human rights violations. However, several positive actions have been taken to address stigma and discrimination issues in the country. …

  2. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  3. Intimate partner violence, relationship power inequity, and incidence of HIV infection in young women in South Africa: a cohort study

    Cross-sectional studies have shown that intimate partner violence and gender inequity in relationships are associated with increased prevalence of HIV in women. Yet temporal sequence and causality have been questioned, and few HIV prevention programmes address these issues. The article assessed whether intimate partner violence and relationship power inequity increase risk of incident HIV infection in South African women. …

  4. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  5. VIH et SIDA, Droits Fondamentaux Pour Tous

    VIH et SIDA, Droits Fondamentaux pour Tous est une brochure éditée par le HCR en 2006. Il s'agit d'une petite bande dessinée qui s'adresse aux personnes déplacées et particulièrement vulnérables que sont les réfugiés et les rapatriés. Il vise a promouvoir un environnement accueillant et sans discrimination pour les réfugiés et les rapatriés. Souvent accusés à tort de véhiculer le VIH et d'autres maladies, la brochure aborde ainsi diverses situations auxquelles les réfugiés peuvent être confrontés dans leur pays d'accueil comme l'exclusion, la discrimination ou l'exploitation sexuelle. …

  6. State of world population 2002: people, poverty and possibilities

    Attacking poverty directly, as a matter of human rights, to accelerate development and to reduce inequality within and among nations, has become an urgent global priority. World leaders have agreed on a variety of new initiatives, including the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This year's State of the World Population report is a contribution to the discussion and a guide to action. This publication characterizes poverty by reviewing its many dimensions and looks at several of the key issues including, poverty and gender, poverty and health and poverty and education. …

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