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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender Based Violence and HIV/AIDS in Cambodia: Links, Opportunities and Potential Responses

    There is growing evidence from different countries that gender based violence can increase the risk of HIV/AIDS as well as be an outcome of HIV/AIDS. Researchers, focusing on understanding the explosion of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among women and girls, have highlighted how sexual coercion and fear of violence limit women's ability to negotiate safe sex behaviors such as condom use and reduced number of partners, access services, and/or adopt practices to prevent mother to child transmission. …

  2. Informe sobre Homofobia, Violencia e Impunidad contra la Comunidad Lesbiana, Gay, Transexual y Bisexual en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela

    Informe sobre el respeto a los derechos de la comunidad GLBTT en Venezuela. Si bien están protegidos por la legislación, siguen experimentando violencia, atropellos y discriminación.

  3. Community Action on HIV and AIDS

    This handbook is designed to help church leaders in dealing with social, cultural and economic issues related to the AIDS epidemic at community level. It contains sections on topics such as the sexual abuse of children, domestic violence, widow inheritance and property grabbing by relatives-issues which have been exacerbated in many African countries by the AIDS epidemic.

  4. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

  5. La vulnerabilidad e invisibilidad de las mujeres ante el VIH/SIDA: constantes y cambios en el tema

    Este artículo es una reflexión sobre la problemática que viven las mujeres ante el VIH/SIDA. A través de estadísticas mundiales y nacionales que dan cuenta del incremento de la epidemia en las mujeres, se hace evidente la necesidad de atender el problema. Se argumenta cómo la estructura y relaciones de género favorecen la vulnerabilidad de las mujeres, y cómo la vulnerabilidad y el riesgo de infección se incrementan para muchas mujeres al transitar por diversas situaciones específicas, como la migración, la precariedad de empleo y la violencia doméstica, entre otras. …

  6. Las Mujeres, claves en la respuesta a la epidemia del VIH

    Documento sobre la situación de la mujer y el VIH/SIDA en Guatemala. Se detallan todos los problemas de discriminación y acceso al tratamiento, y los factores clave en la respuesta al VIH/SIDA como son la educación y la información, y la labor de distintas entidades que las apoyan.

  7. Diagnóstico de la Violencia contra los y las Trabajadores/as sexuales, mujeres, transgéneros y varones, y su vulnerabilidad frente a las ITS y el VIH

    El presente estudio intenta desde diversas fuentes, realizar un diagnóstico de la violencia ejercida contra trabajadores y trabajadoras sexuales (mujeres, trans y gays) en las regiones de Lima, Callao, Arequipa, Piura, Iquitos y Huancayo. …

  8. Status of legislation in relation to HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa

    This table summarizes the status of legislation in relation to HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa. The approached subjects are anti-discrimination and equality, HIV specific legislation, gender violence/sexual offences, right to health care/reproductive health, child protection/vulnerable groups, property rights and inheritance, customary practices. This table was taken from "Supporting the response to the HIV epidemic in Eastern and Southern Africa through the international human rights framework", by UNDP.

  9. Model Law on HIV and AIDS in Southern Africa

    This is a model Law on HIV in Southern Africa, made by members of SADC Parliamentary Forum. It is a guide to legislative efforts on HIV-related issues in Southern Africa. It aims to provide a legal framework for the review and reform of national legislation related to HIV in conformity with international human rights law standards; and to promote the implementation of effective prevention, treatment, care and research strategies and programmes on HIV and AIDS.

  10. Gerindo a escola num contexto de HIV/SIDA. Dossier do Director da Escola. Uma escola livre de HIV/SIDA e sem qualquer forma de abuso

    Este documento foi redigido por um consultor da INDE (Instituto Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educaçao) do Ministério da Educação de Moçambique. Nesse manual, o director de escola poderá encontrar informações e metodologias para introduzir na escola um ensino sobre o comportamento sexual responsável e os problemas relacionados com o HIV/SIDA. A primeira parte deste documento é constituída por uma série de perguntas com destino a ajudar o director a fazer um ponto de situação da escola sobre esses temas. …

  11. Situational analysis of orphaned and vulnerable children in eight Zimbabwean districts

    In response to the AIDS epidemic and poverty, the Zimbabwean government and other organisations are implementing various programmes aimed at assisting orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in the eight districts surveyed. It is clearly important to have an audit of the social services and support structures available for OVC in the eight districts and to have a clear understanding of the situation of OVC including their needs and concerns in order to have proper prioritisation, designing and evaluation of programmes that are aimed at supporting the affected children.

  12. National gender policy plan on HIV and AIDS 2006-2010

    Papua New Guinea's National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS 2006-2010 (NSP) recognised that gender is a key factor shaping both the epidemic and the national response to it. To ensure that the gender dimensions of the epidemic receive sufficient attention, the National AIDS Council (NAC) commissioned this National Gender Policy and Plan on HIV and AIDS (NGP). It is based on extensive consultations and research carried out between 2004 and 2006, including a gender audit of the NSP and a gender impact evaluation of the activities of the National HIV/AIDS Support Project (NHASP). …

  13. Gender-based violence in sub-Saharan Africa: a review of demographic and health survey findings and their use in national planning

    Gender-based violence (GBV) is a pervasive human rights issue with public health consequences. The growing body of evidence on violence and HIV/AIDS continues to confirm that violence is a lead factor in the 'feminization' of the global AIDS epidemic and the disproportionately higher rates of HIV-infection among women and girls, who now represent at least half of those infected worldwide and about 60% of those infected in sub-Saharan Africa. The main purposes of this desk review are to: 1. …

  14. Mujeres, VIH/SIDA y derechos humanos

    Amnesty Internacional pide una acción coordinada para hacer frente al riesgo del VIH en el contexto de la violencia contra las mujeres. Este documento examina los riesgos actuales a los que deben hacer frente las mujeres en el contexto de la pandemia, así como las normas de derechos humanos que deberían proteger a las mujeres de la exposición al virus y garantizar el acceso a servicios médicos y asistencia social en caso de contraerlo.

  15. Men, culture and HIV/AIDS: I care ... do you?

    Focuses on the role of men in the AIDS epidemic.

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