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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Media coverage of HIV/AIDS and TB issues in Ethiopia: challenges and opportunities. Comment analysis on selected newspapers

    Panos Eastern Africa in collaboration with Panos Ethiopia conducted a rapid review on media coverage of HIV and AIDS-TB co-infections in Ethiopia with the aim of identifying challenges and opportunities in improving reporting on these issues. The objective of the research is to conduct a rapid review on media coverage of HIV and AIDS-TB co-infections based on qualitative and quantitative research with the aim of identifying the challenges and opportunities through critical analysis of the media coverage of HIV and AIDS and TB. …

  2. Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People: Expanding the Research and Program Agenda

    This paper's focuses on areas of relatively poorly addressed or understood aspects of young people's sexual and reproductive health. The authors propose to argue for the need to supplement our knowledge and programmatic interventions with regard to three specific issues related to young people's lives that need attention: (a) an overlooked sub-population of married adolescent girls; (b) an overlooked behavior of sex without consent; (c) programmatic interventions that work (or do not) in enhancing young people's health and development.

  3. Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine

    Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Women and Adolescent Girls living with HIV. Research Report on Qualitative Findings from Brazil, Ethiopia and the Ukraine is a document developed by EngenderHealth with the support of UNFPA. This research identified some interesting trends across the three countries and some issues unique to each setting that need to be considered in strategic planning efforts to improve HIV-positive women's and adolescent girl's access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services. …

  4. HIV in the Middle East

    HIV in the Middle East is a short article written by C. Makhlouf Obermeyer from the Department of HIV/AIDS of the WHO in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2006. It summarizes what is known about the HIV epidemic in the Middle East and north Africa region and examines the extent to which lower prevalence can be attributed to cultural factors, particularly those related to the practice of Islam and gender. …

  5. Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda

    Sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents perinatally infected with HIV in Uganda is a study implemented jointly by Population Council's Frontiers in Reproductive Health (FRONTIERS) and the AIDS Support Organization (TASO) from Uganda, in 2008. The document addresses the specific sexual and reproductive needs of the adolescents perinatally infected, an increasing population largely forgotten the HIV/AIDS treatment, care, education and support programs. …

  6. Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation in Tanzania

    Under the umbrella of Joint HIV Mainstreaming in German Development Cooperation the implementing agencies GTZ, ded, InWent, KfW and the German Embassy in Tanzania held their First joint HIV Mainstreaming Day for national Personnel on 7th August 2009 in Dar es Salaam. The main focus of the meeting was on learning more about the implementation of HIV Workplace Programmes (WPP) and discussing different aspects of HIV Policies, such as the importance of equal rights and employment opportunities. The document is a folder which was distributed to the participants of the meeting. …

  7. HIV/AIDS in Latin America from social point of view

    This study on HIV/AIDS-related legislation and public policies developed by the Latin American Social Sciences Institute (FLACSO) between March and June 2008 aims not only to identify specific policies and laws on HIV and AIDS but also to broaden the scope so as to include those that guarantee or obstruct the rights of key populations. …

  8. Mandatory HIV Testing for Employment of Migrant Workers in Eight Countries of South-East Asia: From Discrimination to Social Dialogue

    This study was undertaken by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in 2006, on the basis of recommendations made by APEC and ASEAN and guided by the principles of the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work. The purpose of the study is to promote dialogue amongst tripartite partners (representatives from governments, workers' and employers' organizations) throughout the region, and to provide a solid basis for an informed discussion on mandatory HIV testing for migrant workers. …

  9. Agenda for Accelerated Country Action for Women, Girls, Gender Equality and HIV. Operational plan for the UNAIDS action framework: addressing women, girls, gender equality and HIV

    This report addresses the rights and needs of women and girls and highlights opportunities to work with networks of women living with HIV and diverse women's groups, while engaging men and boys, in particular those working for gender equality. It is structured around three issues, in line with the UNAIDS Action Framework, that were identified by the Global Task Force as critical to overcoming obstacles to achieving major breakthroughs on women, girls, gender equality and HIV. …

  10. Older-age Parents and the AIDS Epidemic in Thailand: Changing Impacts in the Era of Antiretroviral Therapy

    This publication presents the findings of the study on older-age parents and the AIDS epidemic in Thailand: changing impacts in the era of antiretroviral therapy to assist policymakers addressing similar contextual environments to further understand the epidemic, its impact on elderly caregivers and their contributions, especially by their assisting with treatment adherence. …

  11. Male Homosexual Identities, Relationships, and Practices among Young Men Who have Sex with Men in Vietnam: Implications for HIV Prevention

    This qualitative study examines local identities, relationships, and sexual practices among young MSM aged 15-24 in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city of Vietnam. The analyses were based on 26 in-depth interviews and 10 focus group discussions with young MSM recruited through public place intercepts and cruising areas. The report documents the linguistic classification, sexual relationships and behaviors, identity and process of homosexual identification, and the potential linkage between sexual identity and sexual behaviors of MSM in Vietnam. …

  12. Turning the tide: an open strategy for a response to AIDS in the Pacific. Report of the Commission on AIDS in the Pacific

    The Pacific is home to some of the world's smallest, least developed, and most isolated communities. Development progress over the past 30 years, particularly in economic growth and poverty reduction, has been slow, uneven, and in some countries, even negative. Pacific island countries have also experienced pockets of instability with social and political unrest, civil conflicts and natural disasters all contributing to the region's development burden. The region's vulnerability is compounded by the impacts of climate change and globalization. …

  13. Ethical terms guide for HIV and AIDS

    The Pakistan National AIDS Control Programme, UNICEF and UNAIDs have compiled the following principles of using HIV and AIDS-related language and appropriate terms to guide partners in their development of HIV programming, training, advocacy and educational material. The terms grew out of existing documentation on ethical language as well as common terms used in pakistan in reference to HIV and AIDS. The terms were then work-shopped with Pakistani media and People Living with HIV and AIDS.

  14. Workplace policy on HIV and AIDS

    The Ministry recognizes the important role education plays in reducing the spread of HIV and its responsibilities to provide guidance to its employees and others working education sector in Cambodia in providing effective education to the youth of Cambodia on HIV and AIDS. The Ministry developed a Policy on HIV and AIDS for its team and staff to help them protect themselves from HIV infection, to care for themselves and to know what support is available from the Ministry should they be infected with HIV and develop AIDS.

  15. Transforming the national AIDS response: mainstreaming gender equality and women's human rights into the "three ones"

    Statistics on HIV and AIDS present a stark reality. Today, after over 25 years of working to combat this pandemic, over 30 million people are living with HIV, half of them women. Women's infection rates are rising, often dramatically, outpacing those of men in many countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The single most important strategy in preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS is empowering women and girls and guaranteeing their rights to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

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