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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender violence: transgender experiences with violence and discrimination

    There is a pervasive pattern of discrimination and prejudice against transgendered people within society. Both economic discrimination and experiencing violence could be the result of a larger social climate that severely sanctions people for not conforming to society's norms concerning gender; as such, both would be strongly associated with each other. Questionnaires were distributed to people either through events or through volunteers, and made available upon the World Wide Web. A sample of 402 cases was collected over the span of 12 months (April 1996 - April 1997). …

  2. Principal's perspective: school safety, bullying and harassment. A survey of public school principals

    The report from this study, The Principal's Perspective: School Safety, Bullying and Harassment, reveals a rich and complex picture of the attitudes of principals. Half of principals surveyed deem bullying, name-calling or harassment of students to be a serious problem at their school. Only one-third of secondary school principals say that a lesbian, gay or bisexual student would feel very safe at their school and only one-quarter say that a transgender student would feel very safe. …

  3. Conversations in equity and social justice: constructing safe schools for queer youth

    The paper is a critique of discourse focused on at-risk behaviour and homophobic bullying. The paper argues that conversations around homophobic bullying must include discussions of doing equity and achieving social justice, in which the ultimate goal of constructing safe schools is achieved through the utter transformation of school culture. Failure to do anything less continues to license homophobia and makes predictable and inevitable violence against queer youth. …

  4. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth talk about experiencing and coping with school violence: a qualitative study

    This qualitative study used five focus groups of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth attending public high schools to examine their experiences with school violence. Core themes focused on lack of community and empowerment leading to youth being without a sense of human agency in school. Negative attention themes were indicative of the vulnerability that the youth felt at school. As principal means of coping, the LGBT youth escaped and avoided stressors by distancing themselves from school. …

  5. From teasing to torment: school climate in America, a survey of students and teachers

    Harris Interactive, Inc. conducted From Teasing to Torment: School Climate In America, on behalf of The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN). This survey is based on online surveys completed by a nationally representative sample of 3450 students aged 13-18 and 1011 secondary school teachers. The survey is intended to explore teens' and secondary school teachers' experiences with and attitudes towards school harassment. …

  6. Protective factors in the lives of bisexual adolescents in North America

    We compared protective factors among bisexual adolescents with those of heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, and gay or lesbian adolescents. Methods. We analyzed 6 school-based surveys in Minnesota and British Columbia. Sexual orientation was measured by gender of sexual partners, attraction, or self-labeling. Protective factors included family connectedness, school connectedness, and religious involvement. General linear models, conducted separately by gender and adjusted for age, tested differences between orientation groups. …

  7. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students: perceived social support in the high school environment

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth (LGBT) continue to face extreme discrimination within the school environment. Existing literature suggests that LGBT youth are at high risk for a number of health problems, including suicide ideation and attempts, harassment, substance abuse, homelessness, and declining school performance. This exploratory study consists of face-to-face interviews with 12 male and female participants, 18-21 years old, who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender. …

  8. Fashioning sexual selves: examining the care of the self in urban adolescent sexuality and gender discourses

    This paper presents data from a qualitative study of urban high school students that asked students to reflect on the experiences of their lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, and questioning peers. The focus group participants wrote letters to an imaginary new student at their school, discussed what they see and hear in their schools, and kept journals recording a week's worth of observations. …

  9. The 2009 national school climate survey: the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation's schools

    In our 2009 survey, we examine the experiences of LGBT students with regard to indicators of negative school climate: hearing biased remarks, including homophobic remarks, in school; feeling unsafe in school because of personal characteristics, such as sexual orientation, gender expression, or race/ethnicity; missing classes or days of school because of safety reasons; and experiences of harassment and assault in school. We also examine the possible negative effects of a hostile school climate on LGBT students' academic achievement, educational aspirations, and psychological well-being. …

  10. Harsh realities: the experiences of transgender youth in our nation's schools

    Our 2007 National School Climate Survey report provided information about transgender students' experiences of in-school victimization. The purpose of this report is to expand upon these findings by providing a broader picture of transgender students' school experiences nationwide, both in comparison to and independent of their non-transgender lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. …

  11. From silence to safety and beyond: historical trends in addressing lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender issues in K-12 schools

    The purpose of this article is to provide an historical overview of changing perspectives in education practice and literature on addressing lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) issues in public K-12 schools. This article describes how the presentation and analysis of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender issues in the past 80 years have evolved into one of the primary points of contention in the battle over what values related to sexuality and gender schools should reflect. …

  12. Bullying in schools towards sexual minority youth

    Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, questioning and intersex (GLBTQI) youth, and those perceived to be GLBTQI, face extensive verbal and physical bullying in schools. Although increasing attention has been made at examining the safety concerns of sexual minority (GLBTQI) youth, there remain important gaps in the literature as well as significant sampling limitations. …

  13. Discriminación Social y la Salud: El Caso de los Hombres Latinos Homosexuales y el Riesgo de Infección por HIV

    En este estudio, que se fundamenta en datos empíricos obtenidos de latinos homosexuales y bisexuales en tres ciudades de los EE.UU., documentamos la relación que existe entre formas específicas de discriminación social-homofobia, racismo y penurias económicas-y una determinada consecuencia para la salud: el aumento del riesgo para la transmisión del VIH. …

  14. Prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS among drug using populations: a global perspective

    This document is the report of the consultation meeting "Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS Among drug Using Populations: A Global Perspective" held in Washington, D.C: on January 11-12. The overarching goal of the meeting was to advance understanding of the global HIV and substance abuse epidemics and highlight the importance of including drug abusers - particularly injection drug users (IDUs) - in any comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to HIV prevention and treatment. …

  15. Seen and heard. Children affected by HIV and AIDS, XVII international AIDS conference. Summary report of issues facing children affected by HIV and AIDS, October 2008

    Project activities focused around the XVII International AIDS Conference (IAC) and a pre-conference symposium on children and HIV, both held in Mexico City from 1-8 August 2008. In the period leading up to these events, HealthDev.net, a dialogue and social networking platform, hosted online discussions on this theme. The two-day pre-conference symposium, "Children & HIV/AIDS: Action Now, Action How" provided a forum for information sharing, collaboration and networking in order to strengthen the response to children's needs. …

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