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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A tool for change: working with the media on issues relating to sexual orientation, gender identity, expression and sex characteristics in Thailand

    A Tool for Change: Working with the Media on Issues Relating to Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Expression and Sex Characteristics in Thailand analyzes news media coverage of Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, Expression and Sex Characteristics (SOGIESC), and LGBTIQ identities across media platforms in Thailand. The research found that LGBTIQ people are often represented in the news media inaccurately, stereotypically, or without a clear understanding of SOGIE. The study recommends that a professional code of conduct on reporting SOGIESC issues be developed. …

  2. Integrating a youth-based stigma and discrimination reduction curriculum in higher education: St Xavier’s College

    Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. …

  3. Sex Between Men in Your City. A situational analysis of community rsponses to sexual health and HIV among men who have sex with men and transgender populations in six metrepolitan cities in developed Asia

    While developed countries in Asia are experiencing a low-level HIV epidemic prevalence is much higher in specific populations such as men who have sex with men, sex workers, and people who use drugs. Many MSM and transgender people report discrimination which limits their access to health services and many other areas such as education, employment and legal services. …

  4. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards people living with HIV among the general staff of a public university in Malaysia

    Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV have been widely documented, and have extended their impact into the workplace. Stigmatising attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the workplace significantly hinder HIV prevention efforts and indirectly affect national development. This cross-sectional study was designed to determine the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS and assess attitudes towards PLHIV among the general staff of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), as well as to identify factors that are associated with it.

  5. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth with disabilities: a meta-synthesis

    This meta-synthesis of empirical and nonempirical literature analyzed 24 journal articles and book chapters that addressed the intersection of disability, [homo]sexuality, and gender identity/ expression in P-12 schools, colleges and universities, supported living programs, and other educational and social contexts in Australia, Belgium, Canada, New Zealand, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States. …

  6. People Living with HIV Stigma Index - Asia Pacific Regional Analysis, 2011

    This report provides findings from the rollout of the People Living with HIV Stigma Index (PLHIV Stigma Index) in nine countries in Asia and the Pacific (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand). It provides the first large-scale regional comparison of standardized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related stigma indicators. It shows that stigma and discrimination have profound implications for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  7. Improving Hospital-based Quality of Care in Vietnam by Reducing HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination

    In Feburary 2008, Insitute for Social Development Studies and International Center for Research on Women, Horizons Program published the book: "Improving Hospital-based Quality of Care in Vietnam by Reducing HIV-related Stigma and Discrimination." The purpose of this book is to give information on reducing stigma and discrimination related to HIV and to improve the quality of care the healthcare setting in Viet Nam. The content of this book is the result from the intervention research in four hospitals in Viet Nam. …

  8. Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action. Adapted version for use in Cambodia

    This toolkit is written for community leaders, AIDS educators, people living with HIV, health workers, teachers, media workers, and others involved in the AIDS field in Cambodia. Its aim is to build awareness and commitment to confront HIV stigma, and promote more care and support for people living with HIV. The toolkit is a collection of participatory educational exercises for use in raising awareness and promoting action to challenge HIV stigma. Trainers will select from the exercises to plan their own courses for different target groups. …

  9. Tackling HIV-related stigma and discrimination in South Asia

    In its 2008 round, Tackling HIV and AIDS Stigma and Discrimination, the South Asia Region Development Marketplace (SARDM) supported 26 implementers from six countries to pilot innovative interventions over a 12- to 18-month period. The findings in this report are based on project monitoring and evaluation data collected by SARDM implementers and six case studies conducted by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). They suggest some broad crosscutting principles as well as programmatic lessons associated with specific approaches. …

  10. Mekong Erotics: Men Loving/Pleasuring/Using Men in Lao PDR

    A survey conducted in 2007 found that 5.6 percent of MSM in Vientiane, the capital of Lao PDR, were tested positive for HIV. This book focuses on Kathoey/gay men in this region and topics vary from how they choose their partners to how they are involved in sexual activities.

  11. Reducing HIV stigma and discrimination: a critical part of national AIDS programmes

    Despite the pervasiveness of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in national HIV epidemics and their harmful impact in terms of public health and human rights, they remain seriously neglected issues in most national responses to HIV. National AIDS programmes - together with key partners - can take concrete steps to address these critical obstacles and help pave the way towards universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support. …

  12. National study on the stigmatization and forms of discrimination against people living with HIV

    The aim of the study is to analyze stigmatization of and forms of discrimination against PLWH, to identify the needs and problems of PLWH and to determine the attitude of others toward PLWH in Tajikistan.

  13. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  14. Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination in Viet Nam

    Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination UN Country Team Viet Nam, Discussion Paper No. 5, June 2004

  15. Comparative analysis: research studies from India and Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material succinctly describes and compares findings from studies, conducted in India and Uganda, of the nature, determinants and effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial. …

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