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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Comparative analysis: research studies from India and Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material succinctly describes and compares findings from studies, conducted in India and Uganda, of the nature, determinants and effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial. …

  2. Uganda: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material describes the findings from a study of the nature, determinants and the effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization and denial in Uganda. …

  3. India: HIV and AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatisation and denial

    Discrimination, stigmatisation and denial have been recognized as important issues to be addressed in the context of HIV/AIDS. Discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS, or presumed to be infected, is a violation of human rights. All individuals deserve equal respect and dignity, whatever their situation and whatever their status. This key Material describes the findings from a study of the nature, determinants and the effects of HIV/AIDS-related discrimination, stigmatization and denial in India. …

  4. Différences entre filles et garçons : une revue des indicateurs sanitaires en Afrique subsaharienne

    L'étude présente certaines différences par sexe observées chez les enfants dans les enquêtes par sondage de type EDS (DHS) ou EMF (WFS) en Afrique subsaharienne. Quatre indicateurs de résultats sont analysés : les indicateurs de mortalité des jeunes enfants (néonatale, post-natale et juvénile) et la prévalence de la malnutrition. Trois indicateurs de comportements sont analysés : la vaccination, l'utilisation de la réhydratation orale et la durée d'allaitement. Enfin, les rapports de masculinités à la naissance sont étudiés séparément.

  5. Intensification de la participation accrue des personnes infectées ou affectées par le VIH/SIDA (GIPA) en Afrique subsaharienne

    This document examines the GIPA pilot initiatives in selected African countries, which includes the United Nations Volunteer Programmes (UNV) pilot project to support people living with HIV/AIDS. It discusses the project's objectives, strategic approaches and the implementation, monitoring and evaluation processes, which include selecting pilot countries; launching the project in the selected countries; designing a monitoring and evaluation framework; selecting candidates for National United Nations Volunteer (NUNV) posts and identifying future training needs; capacity-building and translating the monitoring and evaluating framework into an operational tool for day-to-day management.

  6. Female sex worker HIV prevention projects: lessons learnt from Papua New Guinea, India and Bangladesh

    The importance of designing and implementing successful targeted interventions for sex workers as part of HIV prevention and control cannot be over-emphasised. In almost every country, sex workers comprise a focal point of the epidemic. They are the victims of discrimination, often violently intense, trafficking, legal persecution and societal ambivalence as well as one of the first occupational groups to become heavily infected. The infection passes from sex workers back to their clients and into the general population of women, men and children. One of the clearest public health lessons emerging from the HIV pandemic is that protecting the human rights of sex workers is an important means of prevention.

  7. Série de documents d'information OMS sur la santé scolaire. Document N° 6 Prévenir le VIH/SIDA et les MST et lutter contre la discrimination qu'ils entraînent : une des tâches des écoles-santé

    Ce document de la série de l'OMS consacrée aux questions de santé scolaire a pour but d'aider à appliquer des stratégies de promotion sanitaire visant à relever les niveaux de santé, prévenir le VIH/SIDA et les MST et à lutter contre les discriminations qu'ils entraînent à travers des programmes "Ecoles-santé". S'appuyant sur les recommandations de la Charte d'Ottawa pour la promotion de la santé. Il vise à aider les individus et les groupes à opter pour une nouvelle approche de la santé publique qui crée des conditions de santé durables et l'établissement d'un mode de vie sain.

  8. African network on ethics, law and HIV. Proceedings of the intercountry consultation, Dakar, Senegal, 27 June - 1 July 1994

    This volume is derived from a consultation on ethics, law and HIV/AIDS that was convened in Dakar, Senegal, in 1994. It is divided into 4 parts. The first part deals with ethical and legal issues relating to the HIV/AIDS epidemic drawing upon experiences in the different countries. The second part consists of thematic papers prepared by experts which serve as an introduction to the discussions on a number of key issues including: ethical principles and practice in response to the HIV epidemic; HIV/AIDS, public health and individual rights and confidentiality; HIV/AIDS and law. In the third part, three subjects are treated: 1)the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Rwanda tragedy, 2)religious values in the context of the epidemic; and 3)community response to the epidemic. The last section reports on working groups findings pertaining to strategies for the establishment of an African Network on Ethics, Law and HIV.

  9. HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination: A conceptual framework and agenda for action

    Internationally, there has been a recent resurgence of interest in HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, triggered at least in part by growing recognition that negative social responses to the epidemic remain pervasive even in seriously affected communities. Yet, rarely are existing notions of stigma and discrimination interrogated for their conceptual adequacy and their usefulness in leading to the design of effective programmes and interventions. …

  10. HIV/AIDS and Human Rights: International Guidelines

    This is a document highlighting international guidelines set at the Second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights which was organized by United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. The guidelines offered, provide concrete measures that could be taken to protect human rights and health were HIV/AIDS is concerned. …

  11. Aspects of the Law Relating to AIDS: HIV/AIDS and Discrimination in Schools

    This is a report which contains background information on HIV/AIDS and Education issues in South Africa. Contained in this report are copies of media statements on HIV/AIDS and schools, an extract from a working paper which discusses issues on HIV/AIDS and schools and preliminary recommendations, an extract from a committee paper, the South African Schools Act, 1996 and the National Education Policy Act of 1996.

  12. The role of stigma and discrimination in increasing the vulnerability of children and youth with and affected by HIV/AIDS

    This report clearly illustrates the powerful and negative effects of stigma on those affected by HIV/AIDS. The stories from children are particularly powerful and impacting. This report aims to put across the message that combating HIV/AIDS requires a strong and coordinated reponse from all sectors of society.

  13. Quick notes: HIV/AIDS Series: Basic Education

    This document provides an over view of international attention attaining Education for All. Education is the key to decrease in poverty and increase in health. With a focus on the girl child, there are long term implications as their increased health directory impacts on their children's increased health. These result in a depressed demand for education. Girls are a particular risk due to gender bias in the home and in the school that favours boys. Case Studies: Bangladesh: Groundbreaking work in rural education, development of relevant curricula, flexible hours and cost effectiveness. …

  14. HIV/AIDS/STDs education for prevention

    The contents of this book are drawn from contributions to the Global Conference on School Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention. Its objectives are to strengthen the awareness of teachers and education personnel on the importance of developing school health and HIV/AIDS prevention curricula, to show the specific roles of schools in promoting health, especially in relation to HIV prevention and HIV related discrimination and to develop school health especially AIDS issues.

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