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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Confronting the reality: drug policy, young people who use drugs and a need for evidence-based interventions in Nigeria

    Nigeria, situated in West Africa with a population of about 178 million people, is the most populous African Nation. Over 60 per cent of this population are young people, hence the country can be described as youthful which is a crucial resource for growth and development. Like many West African countries, the country has a long history in being a trafficking route for illicit drugs from the major producing countries such as Latin America and Asia to the thriving European and North American market. …

  2. The impacts of drug policies on children and young people

    As member states of the United Nations take stock of the drug control system, a number of debates have emerged among governments about how to balance international drug laws with human rights, public health, alternatives to incarceration, and experimentation with regulation. This series intends to provide a primer on why governments must not turn a blind eye to pressing human rights and public health impacts of current drug policies.

  3. Prévention des conduites addictives : guide d’intervention en milieu scolaire

    Ce guide est la version actualisée du guide de prévention des conduites addictives, co-rédigé et diffusé en 2005 par la Direction générale de l’enseignement scolaire et la Mission interministérielle de lutte contre la drogue et la toxicomanie et destiné à tous les acteurs intervenant en milieu scolaire. …

  4. National guidelines HIV testing and counselling

    The guidance provided in this document will assist in standardizing HIV testing and counselling service provision. The document is intended for policy makers, HIV and AIDS Programme managers and health care providers in the public, private and civil society settings.

  5. National policy and strategic framework on adolescent health and development. Administrative Order n°2013-0013

    This Order aims to: provide a strategic framework for the Adolescent Health Program that is anchored on Universal Health Care, and provide policy direction and guidance for DOH offices, its attached agencies, LGU's, and development partners in prioritizing interventions for adolescent health.

  6. National strategy for the prevention and management of alcohol and drug use amongst learners in schools

    Alcohol and drug abuse is a global challenge, which has detrimental effects on the health, wealth and security of nations. Its impact is being felt in schools in South Africa and is compromising the quality of teaching and learning and the safety of learning spaces. This strategy was developed to provide comprehensive guidance to the basic education sector in South Africa with regards to the prevention and management of alcohol and drugs in schools. …

  7. Programa nacional de salud integral de adolescentes y jovenes: Plan de Accion 2012-2020

    Este documento se refiere principalmente al quehacer del nivel primario de atención, dado que la mayor demanda de atención de salud de adolescentes y jóvenes ocurre y se resuelve en este nivel, por lo cual define las actividades en el ámbito de la promoción y prevención de salud. Este Programa debe ser implementado progresivamente por las Secretarías Regionales Ministeriales y los Servicios de Salud, y ejecutado a través de la red de servicios del sistema público de salud. …

  8. Report On National Workshop on School Health and Nutrition Strategy - Effective Implementation, 18th-19th September 2008, Kathamandu, Nepal

    The National SHN Strategy aims to provide a uniform approach to agencies working in the field of health and nutrition of school children. Even after the formation of National SHN Strategy, there has not been any significant improvement in the situation of the health and education status of school children due to the lack of an integrated approach. Program duplication has also emerged as a major challenge for agencies working in this field. …

  9. Orphans, children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Lao PDR

    This assessment explores: available data on key groups of vulnerable children; key issues facing these groups of children; existing options of care and protection for vulnerable children; knowledge and attitudes of children, adults and local authorities regarding different systems of care and protection; existing policy and legislation. The final section of this report presents recommendations on how to take forward the process of developing national policy and plans of action.

  10. Evolution of China's response to HIV/AIDS

    This documents talks about Four factors which have driven China's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic: (1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; (2) increasing scientific information; (3) external influences that underscored the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic and thus accelerated strategic planning; and (4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China's response culminated in legislation to control HIV/AIDS - the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are being scaled up concurrently. …

  11. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  12. A response to HIV and AIDS. Examples of successful HIV prevention in Eastern Europe, South-East Europe and Central Asia

    HIV is a threat to development, especially in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. German development policy is active in this region to find a joint response to HIV and AIDS and to contain the epidemic. Some of its most successful approaches are presented in this report. The main difference between HIV epidemics in Eastern Europe and those in Africa, Western Europe and North America is in the transmission routes that are most common, i.e. via sexual transmission or via shared use of non-sterile injecting equipment. Another difference is the particular vulnerability of certain social groups. …

  13. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  14. Fortaleciendo la Educación Sexual a través de la Cooperación Horizontal entre Países Sudamericanos: Proyecto de Armonización de las Políticas Públicas en Educación Sexual y Prevención del VIH-Sida y Drogas en el Ámbito Escolar

    El proyecto "Armonización de las Políticas Públicas en Educación Sexual y Prevención del VIH y Drogas en el Ámbito Escolar" da cuenta de una iniciativa conjunta de cooperación técnica horizontal entre Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Paraguay, Perú y Uruguay. Mediante mecanismos de colaboración, intercambio y construcción colectiva, los países involucrados tuvieron como objetivo armonizar las políticas públicas relativas a educación sexual y VIH-SIDA, con la participación de diversos actores del sector público, sociedad civil y agencias de cooperación internacional. …

  15. National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Monitoring and Evaluation Plan

    This second edition of the National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Monitoring and Evaluation Plan is aimed at providing and further improving the means for NAC to monitor the national response and provide effective leadership in the fight against the pandemic. For the current period, 2006 to 2010, the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (NSF) was developed to prevent, halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS by 2010. …

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