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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Evolution of China's response to HIV/AIDS

    This documents talks about Four factors which have driven China's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic: (1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; (2) increasing scientific information; (3) external influences that underscored the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic and thus accelerated strategic planning; and (4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China's response culminated in legislation to control HIV/AIDS - the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are being scaled up concurrently. …

  2. HIV/AIDS policy in Vietnam: A civil society perspective

    HIV/AIDS has spread rapidly in Vietnam since the first case was registered in 1990, and today more than a quarter-million people in the country are living with HIV/AIDS. The national HIV prevalence rate among adults is 0.5 percent, but prevalence rates are significantly higher among high-risk groups, such as injecting drug users (33 to 65 percent) and sex workers (approximately 16 percent). However, the illegal nature of drug use and sex work has complicated efforts to prevent HIV among these high-risk groups. …

  3. A response to HIV and AIDS. Examples of successful HIV prevention in Eastern Europe, South-East Europe and Central Asia

    HIV is a threat to development, especially in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. German development policy is active in this region to find a joint response to HIV and AIDS and to contain the epidemic. Some of its most successful approaches are presented in this report. The main difference between HIV epidemics in Eastern Europe and those in Africa, Western Europe and North America is in the transmission routes that are most common, i.e. via sexual transmission or via shared use of non-sterile injecting equipment. Another difference is the particular vulnerability of certain social groups. …

  4. The HIV Epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, 1989-2007

    The article aims to investigate the characteristics and trends in the HIV epidemic in Yunnan Province, China, between 1989 and 2007. It shows that the HIV epidemic in Yunnan has progressed to a concentrated epidemic. Future efforts must focus not only on groups at risk for primary infection (injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, and female sex workers) but also on their low-risk sexual partners.

  5. Law N° 64/2006/QH11 on HIV/AIDS prevention and control

    This law provides for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. After general considerations on HIV and AIDS, especially in Vietnam, this document establishes social measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (the role of information, education and communication, the mobilization of families, organizations and individuals in HIV/AIDS prevention and control). It alsoáexamines medical technical measures in HIV/AIDS prevention and control (testing, treatment and care of infected people).

  6. Adolescents in India: a profile

    The report presents a situation analysis of adolescents in India, adolescents in the UN system, review of government policies and programmes related to adolescents, NGO activities and programmes on adolescents at a glance.

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