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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. National implementation guidelines for HIV and STI programming among young key populations

    These guidelines aim to inform the design and implementation of interventions with young key populations (YKP), 15-24 years, specifically young women who sell sex, young men who have sex with men, and young people who inject drugs. The guidelines aim to accelerate the HIV response to end new HIV infections among young key populations. …

  2. Systematic review and meta-analysis: prevalence of alcohol use among young people in eastern Africa

    The study’s objective is the systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of alcohol use among young people (age 15–24 years) in eastern Africa to estimate prevalence of alcohol use and determine the extent of use of standardised screening questionnaires in alcohol studies. Based on the review results, the authors draw the conclusion that alcohol use and problem drinking were common among diverse groups of young people in eastern Africa, indicating the urgent need for alcohol-focused interventions in this population. …

  3. Adolescent and youth situation analysis Lao People’s Democratic Republic: "Investing in young people is investing in the future"

    This AYSA report focuses on young people aged 10-24 years. It was carried out in order to better understand the lives of young people in Lao PDR and the factors that are affecting them, both positively and negatively, with the aim of identifying priority areas for action that would improve their lives and contribute to the social and economic development of the country, now and in the future.

  4. National policy: tackling substance abuse

    The overall aim of these procedures is to protect students from substance abuse in schools. In particular they aim: - To provide educational and care personnel with a practical tool that enables them to intervene in an appropriate manner when substance is found or used in schools. …

  5. The impacts of drug policies on children and young people

    As member states of the United Nations take stock of the drug control system, a number of debates have emerged among governments about how to balance international drug laws with human rights, public health, alternatives to incarceration, and experimentation with regulation. This series intends to provide a primer on why governments must not turn a blind eye to pressing human rights and public health impacts of current drug policies.

  6. Drug prevention programmes in schools: what is the evidence?

    Key messages: Universal drug education programmes in schools have been shown to have an impact on the most common substances used by young people: alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. The approaches which appear to be most effective are those based on social influences and life skills, for example Life Skills Training and Unplugged. Interventions which are not drug-specific but focus on children and young people’s attachment to school can also be effective in reducing substance misuse. The Good Behaviour Game is one example of these. …

  7. Drug education: an entitlement for all a report to government by the advisory group on drug and alcohol education

    Drug And Alcohol Advisory Group – Key Recommendations - Increase parents’ and carers’ knowledge and skills about drug and alcohol education and prevention enabling them to better inform and protect their children; - Improve the quality of drug and alcohol education by making PSHE a statutory subject – to enable schools and colleges to promote well-being effectively, and to improve the quality of training for PSHE teachers; and - Improve identification and support for young people vulnerable to drug misuse in schools, colleges and non-formal settings.

  8. Substance abuse among public secondary school students: prevalence, strategies and challenges for public secondary school managers in Kenya: a case study of Kisumu East sub county

    Substance abuse among public secondary school students is reality that is spreading at an alarming rate. If not checked, it could destroy the youth who are in their formative stage in life. Its outcomes include school dropouts, injuries, loss of lives, destruction of properties, moral decadence, misallocation of resources, indiscipline and compromised academic standards. According to the findings of a study conducted in 2005 on substance abuse in five major cities in Kenya, Kisumu and Nakuru lead the rest of the major cities and towns in the country in the prevalence of substance abuse. …

  9. School-based drug abuse prevention: promising and successful programs

    This document is organized in three chapters. The first presents the risk and protective factors for drug use, the second provides elements of good practice for drug prevention, and the third insists on successful school-based drug prevention programs that target those most at-risk and contribute to reduce drug-related crime. An extensive list of references is available at the end of the publication.

  10. Building on our strengths: Canadian standards for school-based youth substance abuse prevention

    The Canadian Standards for School-based Youth Substance Abuse Prevention are part of A Drug Prevention Strategy for Canada’s Youth, a five-year Strategy launched by the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA) in 2007 aimed at reducing drug use among Canadian youth aged 10–24. The School-based Standards are one of several sets of standards being developed with the aim of strengthening the quality of youth-focused substance abuse prevention programs in Canada. …

  11. NewGen Asia: Building capacity in emerging young leaders in the HIV response

    In the Asia-Pacific Region, young people bear a large proportion of new HIV infections, and there is a need to consult them about how best to tailor prevention initiatives to meet their needs. In 2010, Youth LEAD, an organization representing young HIV advocates from across the Asia-Pacific region highlighted the need to engage young people more effectively in advocacy and programming initiatives. …

  12. Youth and the Global HIV Pandemic: Reaching Key Affected Populations and Empowering a Generation

    This article provides statistics which show how and why HIV prevalence among young people is falling. The article shows statistics in different regions and countries of the world where young people are living with HIV. Then, the article gives statistics about what kind of young people are at higher risk of HIV: sex workers, homosexuals, and injecting drug users. The article explains, through statistics, what is fueling the epidemic and what programs can work. …

  13. Strategies and framework for targeting youth: advising with PNG youth on HIV/AIDS

    This milestone report - Strategies and Framework for Targeting Youth - provides a framework and identifies strategies to address the needs of young people in the prevention and care of HIV/AIDS and STIs in Papua New Guinea (PNG). It provides technical advice towards creating a strategic plan for young people, and suggests pilot strategies based on best practice in youth sexual health programs in resource-poor settings. Conceptually, this report provides a foundation in the development of a strategic plan for young people. …

  14. Orphans, children affected by HIV/AIDS and other vulnerable children in Lao PDR

    This assessment explores: available data on key groups of vulnerable children; key issues facing these groups of children; existing options of care and protection for vulnerable children; knowledge and attitudes of children, adults and local authorities regarding different systems of care and protection; existing policy and legislation. The final section of this report presents recommendations on how to take forward the process of developing national policy and plans of action.

  15. National strategic framework on the health and development of adolescents and young people in Nigeria 2007-2011

    The goal of this strategic framework is to facilitate the implementation of the National Adolescent Health Policy that aims to improve the quality of life of young persons in Nigeria. …

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