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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Substance use in South-East Asia: knowledge, attitudes, practices and opportunities for intervention: summary of baseline assessments in Thailand, the Philippines and Viet Nam

    The Global Initiative on Primary Prevention of Substance Abuse (Global Initiative) is jointly executed by the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Implementation began in June 1997. The Global Initiative aims to prevent the use and abuse of all licit and illicit psychoactive substances by young people. The project is implemented in selected communities in eight countries in three regions of the world where rapid/dramatic social change is in progress. …

  2. Results from the School Health Policies and Practices Study 2014

    This report provides results from the SHPPS conducted in 2014. Following a detailed Methods section, 2014 results are presented in a series of 168 tables organized around the 10 components of the WSCC model. Tables 1.1 through 10.4 provide the percentage of schools or classes with certain policies and practices in place; these results are shown separately for each school level—elementary school, middle school, and high school. For each variable, the prevalence estimate is shown along with a 95% confidence interval. …

  3. Drug prevention programmes in schools: what is the evidence?

    Key messages: Universal drug education programmes in schools have been shown to have an impact on the most common substances used by young people: alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. The approaches which appear to be most effective are those based on social influences and life skills, for example Life Skills Training and Unplugged. Interventions which are not drug-specific but focus on children and young people’s attachment to school can also be effective in reducing substance misuse. The Good Behaviour Game is one example of these. …

  4. Evaluation of the epidemiological impact of harm reduction programs on HIV in Vietnam

    This impact assessment study aims to examine coverage of harm reduction interventions in Vietnam among injecting drug users and female sex workers from 2004-2009 and to understand the HIV transmission dynamics in Vietnam and to estimate the extent to which harm reduction interventions among core groups have contributed towards epidemiological trends and reduced HIV transmission in Vietnam during the 2004-2009 strategy.

  5. Evolution of China's response to HIV/AIDS

    This documents talks about Four factors which have driven China's response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic: (1) existing government structures and networks of relationships; (2) increasing scientific information; (3) external influences that underscored the potential consequences of an HIV/AIDS pandemic and thus accelerated strategic planning; and (4) increasing political commitment at the highest levels. China's response culminated in legislation to control HIV/AIDS - the AIDS Prevention and Control Regulations. Three major initiatives are being scaled up concurrently. …

  6. Inspiring Others To Change Their World

    This document is the annual report 2008 of AIDS Foundation East-West.

  7. Keeping the Promise: AIDS Foundation East-West (AFEW) Annual Report 2009

    This is the annual report 2009 of AFEW, the NGO working with some of the poorest and most vulnerable people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia to adress one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in the world.

  8. Responding to the HIV prevention needs of adolescents and young people in Asia: Towards (cost-) effective policies and programmes

    The current paper was commissioned by UNICEF and its partners (UNFPA, UNESCO, UNAIDS) to provide advice to the AIDS Commission in Asia on policy options on how to respond to HIV/AIDS among young people, in response to a 'Policy Options Workshop' which was held in Bangkok on 4-6 January 2007. This paper aims to provide guidance to policy makers on how to respond to the HIV prevention needs of young people in Asia. In particular, it aims to set priorities for action, aimed at preventing major HIV epidemics from occurring or limiting the scope or impact of current HIV epidemics in the region.

  9. A response to HIV and AIDS. Examples of successful HIV prevention in Eastern Europe, South-East Europe and Central Asia

    HIV is a threat to development, especially in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. German development policy is active in this region to find a joint response to HIV and AIDS and to contain the epidemic. Some of its most successful approaches are presented in this report. The main difference between HIV epidemics in Eastern Europe and those in Africa, Western Europe and North America is in the transmission routes that are most common, i.e. via sexual transmission or via shared use of non-sterile injecting equipment. Another difference is the particular vulnerability of certain social groups. …

  10. Fortaleciendo la Educación Sexual a través de la Cooperación Horizontal entre Países Sudamericanos: Proyecto de Armonización de las Políticas Públicas en Educación Sexual y Prevención del VIH-Sida y Drogas en el Ámbito Escolar

    El proyecto "Armonización de las Políticas Públicas en Educación Sexual y Prevención del VIH y Drogas en el Ámbito Escolar" da cuenta de una iniciativa conjunta de cooperación técnica horizontal entre Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Paraguay, Perú y Uruguay. Mediante mecanismos de colaboración, intercambio y construcción colectiva, los países involucrados tuvieron como objetivo armonizar las políticas públicas relativas a educación sexual y VIH-SIDA, con la participación de diversos actores del sector público, sociedad civil y agencias de cooperación internacional. …

  11. Evaluation of preventive actions against STDs/AIDS and drug abuse in elementary and high schools in Brazilian capitals

    This document presents an evaluation of the process, results and impact of the initiative to promote health and prevent sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents and youth in the school environment (in Brazilian schools), on the basis of research carried out in 340 schools in 14 state capitals. Students, teachers, principals and parents were included in the survey. Its contents include: 1) The national policy and the Brazilian STDs/AIDS preventive program; 2) Process evaluation; 3) Evaluation of the results; 4) Impact evaluation; 5) Conclusions; 6) Bibliography.

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