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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. ECD and the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa

    An unprecedented number of young children in Sub-Saharan Africa are being adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, yet programs specifically designed to meet the developmental needs of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) from birth to age 8 are rare. This article summarizes the daunting array of challenges facing young OVC in Sub-Saharan Africa, and profiles research and action projects undertaken by four members of the inaugural graduate-level cohort of the ECDVU to promote high-quality developmentally appropriate ECD care for young OVC in their respective countries. …

  2. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS and Economic Crises on Orphans and Other Vulnerable children in Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe, like most of Sub-Saharian Africa, has been hard-hit by HIV/AIDS. National estimates reported by the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare put the prevalence rates of HIV in the age group between 15 and 49 at 15.3% (WHO, UNICEF, & UNAIDS, 2008). This is one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world (UNAIDS, 2008). The impact of the pandemic has been so severe that current mitigation efforts fall short of alleviating the situation, especially as it pertains to the plight of children. …

  3. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  4. National response to psychosocial needs of children: three year strategic plan 2008-2010

    This strategic plan is aimed at ensuring that all children in need of psychosocial support (PSS) in Swaziland are reached. It will further strengthen and standardize the quality of PSS training, service delivery and finally advocate for mainstreaming of PSS in all programmes targeting children in the country. The strategy advocates that all PSS interventions should be grounded in the Swazi culture. …

  5. Our children, our future. Zimbabwean good practices responding to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children: the "Zvandiri" Programme, Africaid and The Kapnek Trust Early Childhood Development Centres

    This document represents part of a SAfAIDS project implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Services (MoLSS), which documents Good Practices in OVC programming in Zimbabwe. The goal of the project is to scale-up information generation and dissemination and thereby encourage the replication of Good Practices in the care and support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Zimbabwe. …

  6. National plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children Ghana June 2010-2012

    The National Plan of Action for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) is a three-year plan subject to review and focuses on children who are the most vulnerable and at risk in Ghanaian society. There has not been a recent comprehensive assessment of OVC in Ghana and the first part of the plan attempts a brief assessment of OVC in relation to their care and protection. …

  7. Child participation in education initiatives

    This guide from CRS/Zimbabwe addresses child participation in many aspects of programming. Child participation is one of the guiding principles of the convention on the rights of the child and increasing the scope and level of child participation should be an objective for every education or child protection program. This guide presents many useful suggestions for ways to increase child participation, but what is required most of all is a belief in the value of child participation and a commitment to making it happen in a meaningful way. …

  8. Le Carnet du coordinateur : Petite enfance et VIH/sida, Jeunes enfants et VIH/sida en Afrique, Point de situation

    Cette revue propose des articles d'analyse sur la situation des enfants de 0 à 8 ans en Afrique sub-saharienne par rapport au VIH/sida. Il s'adresse avant tout aux preneurs de décision et aux enseignants. Ce numéro est composé de trois articles: 1) "Petite enfance et VIH/sida", qui présente l'impact du VIH/sida sur les enfants de moins de 5 ans, leurs familles et les communautés. Il évoque le problème de la prise en charge des orphelins et des enfants vulnérables par rapport à la nutrition, à l'éducation, et aux soins. …

  9. Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

    This document provides guidance for incorporating activities directed at infants and young children into HIV/AIDS programs in Africa. Effective, broad-scale interventions to assure the healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development of young children are desperately needed in Sub-Saharan Africa and must be an essential component of any well-designed, integrated program to prevent and reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa. These guidelines are meant to be a ""work in progress"" and will be updated continually based on comments, new data and user experience.

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