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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. ECD and the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa

    An unprecedented number of young children in Sub-Saharan Africa are being adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, yet programs specifically designed to meet the developmental needs of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) from birth to age 8 are rare. This article summarizes the daunting array of challenges facing young OVC in Sub-Saharan Africa, and profiles research and action projects undertaken by four members of the inaugural graduate-level cohort of the ECDVU to promote high-quality developmentally appropriate ECD care for young OVC in their respective countries. …

  2. The Impact of the HIV/AIDS and Economic Crises on Orphans and Other Vulnerable children in Zimbabwe

    Zimbabwe, like most of Sub-Saharian Africa, has been hard-hit by HIV/AIDS. National estimates reported by the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare put the prevalence rates of HIV in the age group between 15 and 49 at 15.3% (WHO, UNICEF, & UNAIDS, 2008). This is one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world (UNAIDS, 2008). The impact of the pandemic has been so severe that current mitigation efforts fall short of alleviating the situation, especially as it pertains to the plight of children. …

  3. The essential package: Holistically addressing the needs of young vulnerable children and their caregivers affected by HIV and AIDS

    The Essential Package is a comprehensive set of tools and guides for policy makers, program managers and service providers to address the unique needs and competencies of young children, particularly those affected or infected by HIV/AIDS, in an integrated and holistic way. Materials have been developed based on a comprehensive literature review of the effects of HIV and AIDS on young children and caregivers and a review of current programs and materials addressing the needs of vulnerable children, and specifically in relation to ECD.

  4. National plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children Ghana June 2010-2012

    The National Plan of Action for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) is a three-year plan subject to review and focuses on children who are the most vulnerable and at risk in Ghanaian society. There has not been a recent comprehensive assessment of OVC in Ghana and the first part of the plan attempts a brief assessment of OVC in relation to their care and protection. …

  5. Child participation in education initiatives

    This guide from CRS/Zimbabwe addresses child participation in many aspects of programming. Child participation is one of the guiding principles of the convention on the rights of the child and increasing the scope and level of child participation should be an objective for every education or child protection program. This guide presents many useful suggestions for ways to increase child participation, but what is required most of all is a belief in the value of child participation and a commitment to making it happen in a meaningful way. …

  6. Le Carnet du coordinateur : Petite enfance et VIH/sida, Jeunes enfants et VIH/sida en Afrique, Point de situation

    Cette revue propose des articles d'analyse sur la situation des enfants de 0 à 8 ans en Afrique sub-saharienne par rapport au VIH/sida. Il s'adresse avant tout aux preneurs de décision et aux enseignants. Ce numéro est composé de trois articles: 1) "Petite enfance et VIH/sida", qui présente l'impact du VIH/sida sur les enfants de moins de 5 ans, leurs familles et les communautés. Il évoque le problème de la prise en charge des orphelins et des enfants vulnérables par rapport à la nutrition, à l'éducation, et aux soins. …

  7. Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

    This document provides guidance for incorporating activities directed at infants and young children into HIV/AIDS programs in Africa. Effective, broad-scale interventions to assure the healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development of young children are desperately needed in Sub-Saharan Africa and must be an essential component of any well-designed, integrated program to prevent and reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa. These guidelines are meant to be a ""work in progress"" and will be updated continually based on comments, new data and user experience.

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