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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Making the invisible visible: gay and lesbian issues in early childhood education

    This article, based on empirical qualitative data gained from a survey and interviews with a group of early childhood educators, argues for the inclusion of sexual differences, or more specifically, gay and lesbian equity issues, in approaches to anti-bias. The article examines the discourses that prevail in the field, that perpetuate the perceived irrelevance, invisibility and exclusion of lesbian and gay issues in early childhood settings and education generally. …

  2. The essential package: Holistically addressing the needs of young vulnerable children and their caregivers affected by HIV and AIDS

    The Essential Package is a comprehensive set of tools and guides for policy makers, program managers and service providers to address the unique needs and competencies of young children, particularly those affected or infected by HIV/AIDS, in an integrated and holistic way. Materials have been developed based on a comprehensive literature review of the effects of HIV and AIDS on young children and caregivers and a review of current programs and materials addressing the needs of vulnerable children, and specifically in relation to ECD.

  3. Facilitating HIV testing, care and treatment for orphans and vulnerable children aged five years and younger through community-based early childhood development playcenters in rural Zimbabwe

    Early diagnosis of children living with HIV is a prerequisite for accessing timely paediatric HIV care and treatment services and for optimizing treatment outcomes. Testing of HIV-exposed infants at 6 weeks and later is part of the national prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, but many opportunities to test infants and children are being missed. …

  4. They've Got All the Knowledge: HIV Education, Gender and Sexuality in South African Primary Schools

    Data from two primary schools in Durban, South Africa finds that discussions on gender and sexuality during life skills lessons are not sufficiently in-depth and comprehensive. Teachers find it difficult to provide comprehensive information on sex, sexuality and gender at the primary school level due to discourses on childhood innocence. The paper discusses implications for teacher training in the conclusion.

  5. National response to psychosocial needs of children: three year strategic plan 2008-2010

    This strategic plan is aimed at ensuring that all children in need of psychosocial support (PSS) in Swaziland are reached. It will further strengthen and standardize the quality of PSS training, service delivery and finally advocate for mainstreaming of PSS in all programmes targeting children in the country. The strategy advocates that all PSS interventions should be grounded in the Swazi culture. …

  6. Our children, our future. Zimbabwean good practices responding to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children: the "Zvandiri" Programme, Africaid and The Kapnek Trust Early Childhood Development Centres

    This document represents part of a SAfAIDS project implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Labour and Social Services (MoLSS), which documents Good Practices in OVC programming in Zimbabwe. The goal of the project is to scale-up information generation and dissemination and thereby encourage the replication of Good Practices in the care and support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Zimbabwe. …

  7. National plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children Ghana June 2010-2012

    The National Plan of Action for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) is a three-year plan subject to review and focuses on children who are the most vulnerable and at risk in Ghanaian society. There has not been a recent comprehensive assessment of OVC in Ghana and the first part of the plan attempts a brief assessment of OVC in relation to their care and protection. …

  8. Educación de la Sexualidad, Salud Reproductiva y Equidad de Género: Dirigido a docentes y otros adultos significativos que atienden niños y niñas entre 0 y 6 años

    Fragmento del libro "Currículo de Educación Inicial", publicado por el Ministerio de Educación y Deportes de Venezuela, dedicado a la educación sexual, salud reproductiva y equidad de género. …

  9. Mortality, mobility, and schooling outcomes among orphans. Evidence from Malawi

    More than 30 percent of school-aged children have lost at least one parent in Malawi. Lack of investments in human capital and adverse conditions during childhood are often associated with lower living standards in the future. Therefore, if orphans face an increased risk of poverty, exploitation, malnutrition, and poorer access to health care and schooling, early intervention is critical so as to avoid the potential poverty trap. …

  10. Addressing the needs of young adolescents

    Worldwide, nearly 10 percent of people are ages 10 to 14, and in developing countries, the percentage is often higher (e.g., Uganda, 16 percent).1 Early adolescence marks a critical time of physical, developmental, and social changes. Interventions during early adolescence may be more effective in shaping healthy attitudes and behaviors than in late adolescence, when attitudes and behaviors are more established. Young adolescents are also more likely to still be in school and less likely to have begun sexual activity.

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