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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Orphanhood and completion of compulsory school education among young people in South Africa: findings from a national representative survey

    We examined the association of orphanhood and completion of compulsory school education among young people in South Africa. In South Africa, school attendance is compulsory through grade 9, which should be completed before age 16. However, family and social factors such as orphanhood and poverty can hinder educational attainment. Participants were 10,452 16-24-year-olds who completed a South African national representative household survey. Overall, 23% had not completed compulsory school levels. …

  2. A cash transfer program reduces HIV infections among adolescent girls

    A large randomized trial in Malawi shows that schoolgirls whose families received monthly cash transfers had a significantly lower HIV infection rate than the control group. The two-year experiment in Zomba, a district in southern Malawi, offered cash to households with schoolgirls aged 13-22 who had never been married. Some of the offers were conditional on regular school attendance, while others were unconditional. Eighteen months after the program began, the HIV prevalence among program beneficiaries was 60% lower than the control group (1.2% vs. 3.0%). …

  3. Primary education in eastern and southern Africa: increasing access for orphans and vulnerable children in AIDS-affected areas

    This research and analysis assesses national and community level initiatives that have the potential to increase primary education access for children who have been orphaned (or made vulnerable) in areas heavily affected by AIDS in the eastern and southern Africa region (ESAR). This assessment analyzes various initiatives to learn lessons that can be used to more effectively target resources to increase primary education access for orphans and other vulnerable children in this region.

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