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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Understanding the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Education Systems in Selected Eastern and Southern African Countries

    The purpose of this research was to improve our understanding about the current impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education in four Eastern and Southern African countries, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda through collecting empirical data. At both the national and local levels, we examined the impact on the teaching force in different districts; the socio-economic situation of orphans in each country; and, assessed the potential for routine monitoring using different sources. …

  2. The effect of HIV/AIDS on educational attainment

    Using data from Demographic and Health Surveys for eleven countries in sub-Saharan Africa,the authorestimates the effect of local HIV prevalence on individual human capital investment. The authorfinds that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has reduced human capital investment: living in an area with higher HIV prevalence is associated with lower levels of completed schooling and slower progress through school. These results are consistent with a model of human capital investment in which parents and children respond to changes in the expected return to schooling driven by mortality risk.

  3. The social demand for schooling in HIV/AIDS affected populations in Tanzania: summary results from a field survey

    This paper justifies and explores the results of a social demand survey for primary school enrolment in Tanzania. This records and analyses the evidence derived from a structured household-based survey in rural and urban school catchments in two regions of the country (Iringa and Dodoma) with children and their guardians which explores the social demand for primary schooling, especially in relation to household poverty indices and changing labour in households affected by prolonged illness and death. …

  4. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary Education in Bukoba Rural and Kinondoni Districts of Tanzania

    This study presents the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education system in Tanzania. The impact is examined in relation to the supply of and demand for education with emphasis on the context, input, process and product of primary education in Tanzania.

  5. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

  6. Coping with HIV/AIDS in Education. Case studies of Kenya and Tanzania

    Education systems are increasingly making changes in response to a rising tide of new expectations about the role of education in human development. Education is seen as a critical requirement for individuals to fulfil their potential, for communities to make positive changes in quality of life and for societies to improve their economic competitiveness. This rediscovery of education, as the key to human development, stems partly from the need to address growing inequalities within countries and between countries in an era of globalisation. …

  7. AIDS, governance and quality in Tanzanian education

    This paper will explore the relationships between HIV/AIDS and education in Tanzania, looking particularly at issues of governance. It has been produced as part of the African Civil Society Governance and AIDS Initiative (GAIN), the purpose of which is to investigate the threat that HIV/AIDS poses to the maintenance of stable and democratic governance across Africa. The study will attempt to understand the current situation of primary and secondary education in Tanzania, and to what extent HIV/AIDS is impacting on the level and quality of this provision.

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