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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Risk for coerced sex among female youth in Ghana: Roles of family context, school enrollment and relationship experience

    CONTEXT: A better understanding is needed of the variables that may influence the risk of experiencing coerced sex among adolescent females in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Data were collected from 700 female respondents who were interviewed in 2010 and 2012 waves of a longitudinal study of behavioral risk for HIV infection among youth aged 13–14 or 18–19 and living in two towns in southeastern Ghana. …

  2. Associations between premarital sex and leaving school in four Sub-Saharan African countries

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning", special issue on "Adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Sub-Saharan Africa", published in December 2008. As formal schooling spreads within sub-Saharan Africa, a growing proportion of adolescents remain enrolled in school when they "come of age". As a consequence more and more adolescents have to negotiate sexual maturation and sexual initiation in a different context than from that of counterparts in prior generations. …

  3. Orphans and vulnerable children in high HIV-prevalence countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This study provides estimates of the size and distribution of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in eight sub-Saharan African countries with relatively high HIV prevalence (Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe), and assesses their situation over several dimensions including schooling and health care. The study uses data collected in recent nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS) that included HIV testing of adult women and men. …

  4. Adolescents and youth in Pakistan 2001-2002: a nationally representative survey

    The Adolescents and Youth in Pakistan 2001-2002: A Nationally Representative Survey (AYSP) was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Department for International Development (UK), and UNICEF (Pakistan). The AYSP provides an unprecedented view of young Pakistani people's experiences with and attitudes about education, employment, families, and marriage. The survey explores the transition to adulthood of Pakistani adolescents and the social and economic forces that shape the transition. …

  5. New population policies: advancing women's health and rights

    This issue of Population Bulletin reviews the evolution of national population policies, particularly following the historic 1994 Cairo conference. It describes the new focus on improving reproductive health and women's rights and how governments have tried to incorporate this new approach in their policies and programs. The Bulletin also looks at possible new directions for population policies.

  6. A look at Asia's changing youth population

    This issue of Asia-Pacific Population & Policy highlights findings from recent East-West Center study on demographic and social changes among young people in Asia. The project, supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development through The Population Council, covered 17 countries in East, Southeast, and South Asia. It brought together information on the changing numbers of young people aged 15-24 and on trends in marriage, school enrollment, and workforce participation among youth population in the region.

  7. The role of schools in promoting sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in developing countries

    This paper reviews the state of knowledge about relationships between schooling and adolescent reproductive health. With the spread of mass schooling and the growing share of adolescents who attend school, the opportunities for synergies between health and education policies and programs are growing. …

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