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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Teacher shocks and student learning: evidence from Zambia

    A large literature examines the link between shocks to households and the educational attainment of children.We use new data to estimate the impact of shocks to teachers on student learning in Mathematics and English. Using absenteeism in the 30 days preceding the survey as a measure of these shocks we find large impacts: A 5-percent increase in the teacher's absence rate reduces learning by 4 to 8 percent of average gains over the year. …

  2. The demand for education for orphans in Zimbabwe

    We examine the effect of orphan status on school enrolment in Zimbabwe, a country strongly impacted by the HIV/AIDS pandemic with a rapidly growing population of orphans. Using data from 2003, after controlling for other determinants of enrolment we find that orphans are less likely to attend school than non-orphans. The result is robust to our correction for selection bias. …

  3. Where have all the flowers gone? A preliminary analysis of the decline in first year school enrolment in KwaZulu Natal and possible links to HIV/AIDS

    Enrolment is the single most important statistic in education, given its impact on every other element of supply and demand. The purpose of the analysis is to explore possible reasons forthe decline in first year school enrolment in KwaZulu Natal and suggest that the impact of HIV/AIDS may be a significant factor. It will also argue that if indeed HIV/AIDS is partially or even largely responsible for the decline, it is first and foremost a management issue of the greatest importance, irrespective of the problem's source. …

  4. What HIV/AIDS can do to education and what education can do to HIV/AIDS

    While it is necessary to consider the impact of HIV/AIDS on education, it is equally important to consider the impact of education on HIV/AIDS. …

  5. The socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on education sector: The case of Mbeya urban district

    This paper focuses on the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS on education sector in Mbeya Urban District. The analysis done goes further than reporting the HIV/AIDS incidence and prevalence by quantifying the actual monetary and non-monetary costs caused by the pandemic to the sector.This paper is organised in 4 major sections. Section 1 provides the background of the study, the analytical framework and the study objectives. …

  6. The impact of the AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa

    This report assesses the actual and likely impacts of HIV/AIDS epidemic on schooling in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, it reviews available evidence concerning the school attendance of orphans and morbidity and mortality among teachers in high prevalence countries. The main conclusion is that, while the epidemic poses a sizeable threat to the provision of basic and other education and training in some African countries, the likely overall impact of the epidemic in the continent as a whole will not be as catastrophic as has been widely suggested.

  7. The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality: a study focusing on educators in South African Public Schools

    One of the key determinants for the loss of public educators in South Africa is mortality due to AIDS. This report presents an estimate of the number of educators who died from AIDS in 2004, including the projected distribution of AIDS deaths by age group. While antiretroviral treatment cannot avert AIDS deaths entirely, it can delay AIDS-related mortality. This report estimates the extent to which the provision of antiretroviral treatment might reduce AIDS mortality among our educators.

  8. The impact of HIV and AIDS on education in the Caribbean

    Recent research highlights the need for the assessment of the impact of HIV and AIDS on education in the Caribbean as integral to its mitigation. The analysis presented in this paper is the first to attempt such an assessment. Although only preliminary evaluations of the effects upon the supply of education are made, it is clear that HIV and AIDS may have a significant impact on the education systems in the region. In addition to the quantifiable impact, the impacts of HIV and AIDS may be disproportionate in small states, which predominate in the region. …

  9. The education sectors' responses to the needs and vulnerabilities of children affected by HIV/AIDS

    Education is a crucial factor in the development of a child. In the light of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, education has become even more vital. The paradox, nevertheless, is that the pandemic has constrained school attendance, as well as school performance. The purpose of this study was to establish to what extent primary school-aged children affected by HIV/AIDS (CABA) are educationally affected, as well as to find out how the education sector is responding to the problems CABA face. …

  10. The social demand for schooling in HIV/AIDS affected populations in Tanzania: summary results from a field survey

    This paper justifies and explores the results of a social demand survey for primary school enrolment in Tanzania. This records and analyses the evidence derived from a structured household-based survey in rural and urban school catchments in two regions of the country (Iringa and Dodoma) with children and their guardians which explores the social demand for primary schooling, especially in relation to household poverty indices and changing labour in households affected by prolonged illness and death. …

  11. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Southern Africa. briefing note for Consulting Assistance on Economic Reform II, Discussion Paper No. 81

    This document looks at the impact of HIV/AIDS on education and the economy. It also includes opinions from teachers on what is happening in their schools.

  12. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in South Africa

    The HIV epidemic, which has spread rapidly through much of Sub-Saharan Africa, has emerged as one of the greatest threats to human development in South Africa. HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women has increased from less than 2% in 1992 to 22.4% in 19991. It is estimated that between 3.4 - 5.1 million people are currently infected with HIV in South Africa2. Despite the high levels of HIV infections, the number of people with AIDS is still low. …

  13. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Education Sector in Malawi: Study 2. Examining the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance in the education sector

    IIEP and its partner ministries of education launched the collaborative action research programme was launched in 2003. This initiative is designed to contribute to mitigation and prevention of the impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in three countries - Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. The focus of the research activities is essentially needs assessment. This, in turn, will help to prioritize options for the development of policy, training and other measures to enable the education sector to strengthen its internal capacity in two critical areas. …

  14. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education: A Case study on selected districts of Kenya

    This study compares, describes, and analyzes the impact of HIV/Aids on primary education in Kenya in terms of enrolment, participation, completion and drop-out rates of pupils in selected urban and rural case study schools in two districts, Homa Bay and Murang'a. Utilising special techniques from focus group discussion (FGD) and interviews, the study explores the impact of HIV/AIDS on the two disctricts paying special attention to gender perspectives, AIDS orphans and the stigma related to HIV/AIDS. …

  15. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary and Secondary Schooling in Malawi: developing a comprehensive strategic response

    Assesses the impact to date of HIV/AIDS on the provision of primary and secondary education in Malawi, providing background information on the schooling system, governement education policy and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The study is set up to analyze the main areas that determine supply and demand of education. Projections are then made to analyze how the epidemic will impact the school system over the next 10 -15 years and recommends strategies and interventions to mitigate the impact on students and teachers.

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