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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Primary Education in Bukoba Rural and Kinondoni Districts of Tanzania

    This study presents the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education system in Tanzania. The impact is examined in relation to the supply of and demand for education with emphasis on the context, input, process and product of primary education in Tanzania.

  2. Reasons for non-attendance of orphans, children from disjointed families who live with both parents: Evidence from questionnaires and children's drawings

    The paper uses a combination of questionnaire data and children's drawings to explore the reasons contributing to temporary and permanent absence from school of orphans, children from disjointed families and children who live with both parents. Particular attention is paid to differences between these three groups of children and between girls and boys. It is shown that the most important reasons for absenteeism are closely related to poverty, and that poverty is not necessarily related to orphanhood. …

  3. Quantifying effects of illness and death on education at school level: implications for HIV/AIDS responses

    The purpose of this project was to quantify and understand impacts of HIV/AIDS on education, many of which will be carried by poor households and communities, and provide information to feed into multi-sectoral strategy to mitigate negative impacts. Schools and school communities are critical points of intervention in South Africa.

  4. Poverty, HIV and barriers to education: street children's experiences in Tanzania

    This article discusses the links between poverty, HIV/AIDS, and barriers to education, based on the first-hand experiences of 'street children' in northern Tanzania. Within the context of national levels of poverty, 'cost-sharing' in health and education sectors, and the AIDS epidemic, poor families in Tanzania are under considerable pressure, and increasing numbers of girls and boys are consequently seeking a living independently on the streets of towns and cities. …

  5. Mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS on education supply, demand and quality

    This chapter focuses on the relationship between HIV/AIDS and education in countries with different levels of HIV/AIDS prevalence. It concentrates on the sector's response to schools' issues, with some attention to teacher training colleges.

  6. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in the education systems in sub-Saharan Africa: some preliminary insights

    This article is based on a theoretical exploration of the concept of mainstreaming and actual experience of the African ministries of education in the region. The empirical part of the article is largely based on the initiative of the Association for the Development of Education in Africa (henceforth ADEA) on ""Identifying Promising Approaches to HIVAIDS in Education in sub-Saharan Africa"". The initiative was conceived in April 2001 and it is ongoing. The article examines the application of the concept of mainstreaming in education programming. …

  7. L'Epidémie du VIH/sida: Un défi pour la réalisation de la scolarisation primaire universelle en Afrique Subsaharienne

    Cette étude comprend une analyse de l'impact de l'épidémie du VIH/Sida sur le système éducatif ; des propositions d'interventions pour atténuer ces impacts et lutter contre le VIH/Sida dans le secteur de l'éducation ;un aperçu des initiatives internationales et nationales mises en oeuvre pour répondre à cette problématique de développement de l'éducation dans un contexte d'épidémie de VIH/Sida.

  8. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the education systems in the Eastern and Southern African region and the response of education systems to HIV/AIDS: life skills programs

    In the Eastern and Southern African Region (ESAR), the AIDS epidemic is beginning to have a serious impact on the education sector, specifically on the demand for, supply of, and the management and quality of education provided at all levels. The quality of learning outcomes and education will be affected by several confounding factors which will emerge as the pandemic takes a deeper hold in these countries. Education systems and life skill programmes must be developed to reverse this trend and loosen AIDS' hold on ESAR. …

  9. HIV/AIDS and education in Jamaica: Is the HIV epidemic affecting the supply of educators and the demand for education in Jamaica? Barriers to integration of HIV/AIDS infected/affected children into the Jamaican school system.

    Research undertaken with UNESCO support by Professor Wilma Bailey and Dr. Affette McCaw-Binns of the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, on issues related to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Jamaica and the education system was completed at the end of 2004.Themes investigated were: Barriers to the integration of HIV/AIDS infected/affected children into the Jamaican school system; The HIV epidemic: is it affecting the supply of educators and the demand for education in Jamaica? For discussion of methodology and findings, contact Professor Bailey at wilma.bailey@uwimona.edu.jm

  10. HIV/AIDS and education

    This document describes the impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems. The supply and demand for education will be greatly altered over the next 5 - 10 years, challenging the prospects of Education for All. In addition, as more AIDS education is dispursed, the trends will change and HIV/AIDS will become a disease among the poor.

  11. HIV-positive educators in South African public schools: predictions for prophylaxis and antiretroviral therapy

    While it has long been suspected that HIV prevalence among educators is high, there has been no scientific study to assess this. Responding to the need for empirical evidence, the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council-led consortium to conduct this nation-wide research assessing the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, as well as issues such as the health status and attrition of our educators. The results of the research suggest that the high number of our educators living with AIDS is cause for serious concern. …

  12. HIV as part of the life of children and youth, as life expectancy increases: implications for education

    The education sector is crucial to any national response to the world epidemic of HIV and AIDS. The school age years, about 5 to15 years, make up the cross section of any population with the lowest prevalence of HIV infection. This is the "Window of Hope". Education is the social vaccine against HIV infection. But, with effective anti-viral treatment the number of infected children of school age rises, through increased survival. Schools must adapt to having many such children in class. …

  13. Factors affecting teaching and learning in South African Public Schools

    Analysing the extent and severity of HIV/AIDS among educators without looking at the broader context within which schools operate, provides only a partial understanding of the immense challenges facing the education sector in South Africa. This study examines material issues affecting the quality of teaching and learning in our schools, both within and external to the classroom environment. The findings reveal significant disparities in conditions, both within and between provinces. …

  14. Etude sur la manifestation et l'ampleur du VIH/SIDA chez les enseignants et son impact sur l'offre et la demande en éducation

    Le SNEA-B et le SNESS, dans le cadre de leur projet commun, Education Pour Tous ( EPT) et lutte contre le SIDA et les IST à l'école ont diligenté cette étude qui se fixe pour principaux objectifs de : faire la situation de la séroprévalence chez les enseignants ; évaluer à l'échelle du pays, la manifestation de la pandémie en milieu enseignant ; apprécier l'impact du VIH/SIDA sur l'offre et la demande d'éducation ; proposer des stratégies et des actions concrètes pour permettre aux deux syndicats de planifier des interventions pertinentes.

  15. Assessment of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in Mozambique

    The main aim of the study was to provide the Ministry of Education and the Government of Mozambique with information, for strategic planning and advocacy purposes.The objectives of the study were:- Determine the impact of the epidemic on the education sector at the national level- Determine the medium- and longer-term effects on the education system's ability to meet its stated strategic objectives over the next ten years- Strengthen the capacity of the Ministry's directorates to implement and manage similar assessments- Increase awareness within the Ministry about the nature and extent of HIV …

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