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In Kenya, as in many other countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) threatens personal and national well being by negativelyá affecting health, life-span, and productive capacity of the individual hence severely constraining the accumulation of human capital and its transfer between generations. Data from recent research across many severely affected low-income countries clearly demonstrates that HIV and AIDS is the most serious impediment to economic growth and development and there is no reason to expect Kenya to be an exception. …
The objectives of this policy are: to ensure a supportive work environment for staff infected and affected by HIV/AIDS; to eliminate stigma and discrimination in the workplace on the basis of real or perceived HIV status or vulnerability to HIV infection; to reduce the number of new infections among teachers, their families and to ensure that the rights of teachers living with HIV/AIDS are fully respected.
Integrated global communications and markets, increased awareness of violence from non-state actors, and the surge in infection and death rates from HIV/AIDS have drawn attention to development in a way that has not been seen since the end of World War II. Multilateral and bilateral agencies involved in setting international development policies have highlighted the role of education in development. This paper starts to rethink the role and effectiveness of foreign assistance.