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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. When caring is not enough: The limits of teachers’ support for South African primary school-girls in the context of sexual violence

    Between 2011 and 2012, 40.1% of all sexual offences in South Africa involved children under 18. Important scholarship has demonstrated how large-scale social and economic inequalities structure African girls’ risk to and experience of sexual violence leading to a condemnation of violent masculinities and the social processes that produce it. Under conditions of chronic poverty and unstable living conditions, girls’ vulnerability to sexual violence is increased. …

  2. Schools as Agencies of Protection in Namibia and Swaziland: Can They Prevent Dropout and Child Labor in the Context of HIV/AIDS and Poverty?

    This article addresses a particular area of research in the field of education and child protection: the protective role of schools in the contexts of HIV/AIDS and poverty. Such adverse situations may lead children not to enroll in school or to drop out of school and subsequently to be subjected to abusive child labor and, in some cases, the worst forms of child labor (WFCL). …

  3. The role of the education sector in providing care and support for orphans and vulnerable children in Lesotho and Swaziland

    The propose of the study was to probe in greater depth, and within the more systematic frame of a research methodology, the dynamics of two current initiatives aiming to provide support to vulnerable children in both Lesotho and Swaziland. Each of the four interventions had within their programme designs a main emphasis on enabling school enrolment and sustaining school attendance. At the same time, the interventions looked to support the more comprehensive needs of vulnerable children and, by doing so, to enhance their overall life situation. …

  4. The effectiveness of HIV-AIDS education prevention programmes in Zimbabwe: the role of school heads in SACMEQ III

    The overall objective of this study is to analyse the response of the education sector to HIV-AIDS epidemic through inputs from the heads of primary schools by describing their viewpoints and professional characteristics in the context of HIV and also examining how the school environment, that the school heads are in charge of, were supportive in the context of HIV-AIDS. Based on the research problematic, the memoire will attempt to provide answers to the following research questions: a) What is the demographic situation in the context of HIV-AIDS in Zimbabwe? …

  5. Stopping violence in schools: a guide for teachers

    Teachers and students can use this guide to address and prevent violence. School violence is an immensely complex issue and thus requires numerous factors to be addressed. Such factors include the need for student participation; a holistic approach involving parents, educators and the community; linking of policy, legislation and practice; the development of indicators on violence; and cultural sensitivity in addressing concepts such as the universality of human rights as part of a human rights-based approach. …

  6. Effects of homophobic versus nonhomophobic victimization on school commitment and the moderating effect of teacher attitudes in Brazilian public schools

    This study investigated homophobic victimization, teacher support, and school commitment in Brazilian schools. Participants were 339 students, ages 11 to 18, in two public schools in Brazil. Data were obtained using the Brazil Preventing School Harassment Survey. Structural equation modeling revealed that both homophobic and nonhomophobic victimization were negatively related to school commitment but that homophobic victimization was a stronger predictor. Results supported the hypothesis that supportive teachers can moderate the relationship between victimization and school commitment. …

  7. What does the National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS mean for Children? A guide for individuals and organisations working with and for children

    This guide provides easy to use information on the National HIV and AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for South Africa 2007-2011 (NSP). The guide focuses specifically on what the NSP means for children and families, and for the individuals and organisations that work with them - a constituency that has come to be known as the "Children's Sector". The Children's Sector was actively involved in the drafting of the NSP and has an important role to play in implementing the plan and in monitoring service delivery. This guide may also be useful to other sectors of civil society. …

  8. Report to the expert committee on the application of the 1966 ILO/UNESCO recommendation on the status of teachers and 1997 UNESCO recommendation concerning the status of higher education teaching personnel

    Education International (EI) has been invited to present its report to the triennial meeting of the Expert Committee on the Application of the 1966 ILO/UNESCO Recommendation on the Status of Teachers and the 1997 UNESCO Recommendation on the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel (CEART) in 2009. EI's Report to CEART aims to assess the implementation of the mentioned recommendations from the perspective of education personnel represented by teachers' unions worldwide. …

  9. Child-Friendly Schools Manual

    In the course of UNICEF's work during the past decade, the child-friendly school (CFS) model has emerged as the organization's signature means to advocate for and promote quality education for every girl and boy. The model can be viewed as a package solution and a holistic instrument for pulling together a comprehensive range of interventions in quality education. …

  10. Painful lessons: the politics of preventing sexual violence and bullying at school

    Until the 2006 United Nations Study on Violence against Children, the problem of school-based violence remained largely invisible.The UN Study and the consultation process around it, however, revealed that a high incidence of violence against children occurs at or around schools and other educational facilities. …

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