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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Substance abuse among public secondary school students: prevalence, strategies and challenges for public secondary school managers in Kenya: a case study of Kisumu East sub county

    Substance abuse among public secondary school students is reality that is spreading at an alarming rate. If not checked, it could destroy the youth who are in their formative stage in life. Its outcomes include school dropouts, injuries, loss of lives, destruction of properties, moral decadence, misallocation of resources, indiscipline and compromised academic standards. According to the findings of a study conducted in 2005 on substance abuse in five major cities in Kenya, Kisumu and Nakuru lead the rest of the major cities and towns in the country in the prevalence of substance abuse. …

  2. Violence in primary schools in Southern and Eastern Africa: Some evidence from SACMEQ

    Special attention was given to the issues related to school violence in the studies conducted by a consortium known as Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality (SACMEQ). These issues were included in the form of research questions which sought information on pupils’ and teachers’ behavioural problems at the primary school level. This paper addresses the following three research questions: (1) What were the changes in the perceived occurrence of school violence in SACMEQ school systems between 2000 and 2007? …

  3. Education sector policy on HIV and AIDS

    The objectives of the Education Sector Policy on HIV and AIDS, 2013 are to: 1. Enhance knowledge on HIV and AIDS at all levels of education with a view to reducing new infection, stigma and discrimination in the education sector; 2. Provide information on comprehensive treatment, care and support to learners living with HIV, OVC and youth below 24 years; 3. Mainstream HIV and AIDS education in the curricula at all levels of education; 4. Strengthen management and leadership structures and programs at all levels to sustain quality education in the context of HIV and AIDS; 5. …

  4. Positive Action for HIV in Schools in Kenya

    Although many sub-Saharan African countries that are affected by HIV and AIDS have developed education sector policies in response to the epidemic, there are still challenges in effectively addressing the issue in schools. These challenges include lack of appropriate leadership and coordination at the school level, limited training and skills update on HIV and AIDS among school-based caregivers (teachers, school nurses and matrons), absence of appropriate guidelines in some settings, and lack of coordination between the education, health and other sectors. …

  5. The KNUT EFAIDS training manual

    The Kenya National Union of Teachers (KNUT) has been implementing a successful programme - the EFAIDS, as a contribution to the achievement of the Education For All (EFA) in the era of HIV and AIDS pandemic. The programme is co-sponsored by Education International (EI). The manual is intended to equip the trainers with skills and knowledge to facilitate their ability to train their colleague teachers at the school level who will in turn reach out to the learners and the surrounding communities. Specifically the trainers will: 1. Acquire information about KNUT EI/EFAIDS; 2. …

  6. Understanding the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in sub-Saharan Africa: Kenya. Country report

    The purpose of the study is to improve our understanding of the current impact of HIV and AIDS on primary education in four Eastern and Southem African countries. The study uses Kelly's (2000) framework which identifies potential ways in which education systems are affected by HIV and AIDS. Using a selection of his categories the study is designed to assess the impact at both national and local levels through the collection of empirical data on the teaching force and the situation of orphans in each country. …

  7. Challenges facing headteachers in implementation of AIDS education in secondary school curriculum in Kenya: a case study of Busia, Bunyala and Samia districts

    The purpose of this study was to investigate challenges facing headteachers in the implementation of AIDS education in secondary school curriculum in Busia, Bunyala and Samia Districts and find out how they were coping. Specifically, it focused on challenges in induction of teachers, provision of teaching and learning materials, supervision and evaluation of the teaching of AIDS education. Descriptive survey research design was used in this study. The study population was 56 headteachers, 423 teachers and 9784 students in 56 secondary schools in Busia, Bunyala and Samia Districts. …

  8. The impact of HIV/AIDS on primary education in Kenya

    The objectives of the study were: 1) To assess the impact of HIV/AIDS on demand and supply of education in primary schools in Kenya; 2) To assess the anticipated trends of the impact of HIV/AIDS on primary schools in Kenya for the next 10 to 15 years; and 3) To review the role of education in mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in the educational sector.

  9. Workplace counselling policy for Teachers Service Commission (TSC) employees

    The Kenyan Teachers Service Commission (TSC) was established in 1967. It was mandated to register, recruit, remunerate, deploy, promote, discipline teachers and maintain teaching standards in public educational institutions. The Commission employees have been faced with many challenges including multicultural dynamics, age differences, family issues which spill into the work place, work related separation of families and couples, inter personal conflicts, substance abuse, HIV and AIDS, increased stress and burnout, poor morale, poor financial and time management among others. …

  10. Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education

    Kenya's HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy: Implications for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children and the Teaching of HIV/AIDS Education is a paper resulting from a study conducted in 2005-2006 on the 2004 HIV/AIDS Education Sector Policy. It investigates the practical implications of the policy document in addressing provisions related to orphaned and vulnerable children and the teaching and learning of HIV/AIDS education. The paper further assesses practitioners' understanding of the policy. …

  11. Training teachers in an HIV and AIDS context: experiences from Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia

    This synthesis report summarizes main findings from case studies in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zambia that examined the response of teacher training colleges to HIV and AIDS. The findings show that the epidemic is adversely affecting faculty, staff and the functioning of teacher training colleges and that little is being done to address these issues. A number of reasons for this include: absence of any institutional policy framework on HIV and AIDS; limited institutional resource mobilization; and the stigma surrounding the disease. …

  12. From policy to practice. An HIV and AIDS training kit for education sector professionals

    The HIV and AIDS training kit is a user-friendly guide to build capacity in education sector professionals who have responsibility for the implementation of their country's education sector policy on HIV and AIDS. The kit consists of three sections. Section One contains information on getting started - such as a training curriculum, generic workshop programme and tips for training in the era of HIV and AIDS. Section Two contains tools to assess HIV/AIDS competency, in both the participants and the trainers. …

  13. Status and Impacts of HIV/AIDS in Agricultural Universities and Colleges in Africa

    The report looks into the status, impact and preventive actions taken by some of the partner universities and colleges in Africa of Agricultural University of Norway (NLH) against the spread of HIV/AIDS. …

  14. HIV/AIDS in Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology: a case study

    This report sets out the findings of a case study commissioned by Association for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA) Working on Higher Education, on the way HIV/AIDS affects JKUAT, and to document the responses and coping mechanisms. The purpose of the studies is to generate understanding of the way the disease is affecting universities and to identify responses of staff, students and management that might profitably be shared with sister institutions in similar circumstances.

  15. HIV and AIDS in Kenyan teacher colleges: mitigating the impact

    The aim of this study was to document the ways in which primary teacher training colleges respond to the impact of HIV and AIDS and organize their responses to the epidemic. …

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