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The growing HIV/AIDS pandemic has already has a marked impact on higher education and will continue to do so as the disease intensifies. Higher education institutions have a crucial role to play in developing effective mechanisms to deal with this impact both within the academy and in society. The study forms part of eight case studies of how HIV/AIDS affects some individual universities in Africa. The case studies aim to determine the impact on the university and identify responses of staff students and management that will develope effective policies to combat the epidemic.
The crucial distinction between power and force in relation to aggressive masculinity needs to be analysed and understood if preventative intervention is to be successful in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This aggressive masculinity undermines the concepts of negotiation and communication emphasized within most prevention programmes. Two related interventions developed by the Canada South Africa Education Management Programme are also described in the paper.