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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Where have all the flowers gone? A preliminary analysis of the decline in first year school enrolment in KwaZulu Natal and possible links to HIV/AIDS

    Enrolment is the single most important statistic in education, given its impact on every other element of supply and demand. The purpose of the analysis is to explore possible reasons forthe decline in first year school enrolment in KwaZulu Natal and suggest that the impact of HIV/AIDS may be a significant factor. It will also argue that if indeed HIV/AIDS is partially or even largely responsible for the decline, it is first and foremost a management issue of the greatest importance, irrespective of the problem's source. …

  2. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the education sector in South Africa

    The HIV epidemic, which has spread rapidly through much of Sub-Saharan Africa, has emerged as one of the greatest threats to human development in South Africa. HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women has increased from less than 2% in 1992 to 22.4% in 19991. It is estimated that between 3.4 - 5.1 million people are currently infected with HIV in South Africa2. Despite the high levels of HIV infections, the number of people with AIDS is still low. …

  3. Keeping the education system healthy: managing the impact of HIV/AIDS on education in South Africa

    HIV/AIDS not only attacks individuals. It also attacks systems. Until recently, HIV/AIDS has been perceived primarily as a health problem, which can be contained by effective health education programmes. But the deadly virus has not been contained and continues to spread so widely that it is now having a profound adverse impact on communities and institutions. Government's health-focused HIV/AIDS plans have failed to consider what must be done when the disease is out of control and state systems are themselves threatened. …

  4. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the education systems in the Eastern and Southern African region and the response of education systems to HIV/AIDS: life skills programs

    In the Eastern and Southern African Region (ESAR), the AIDS epidemic is beginning to have a serious impact on the education sector, specifically on the demand for, supply of, and the management and quality of education provided at all levels. The quality of learning outcomes and education will be affected by several confounding factors which will emerge as the pandemic takes a deeper hold in these countries. Education systems and life skill programmes must be developed to reverse this trend and loosen AIDS' hold on ESAR. …

  5. Educator Mortality In-Service in KwaZulu Natal: a consolidated study of HIV/AIDS impact and trends

    This study constitutes the second step in analysis of educator data in KwaZulu Natal, as part of an on-going research agenda, following the development of an educator demand model (described below) and linked to the development of a monthly data collection system (DEMMIS). The purpose of the study is to attempt to answer several important questions in the context of education planning in a high prevalence environment in the HIV/AIDS era, specifically: How important is educator mortality and attrition in the face of declining enrolment? …

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