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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Water, sanitation and hygiene standards for schools in low-cost settings

    Adequate provision of water supply, sanitation, hygiene and waste management in schools has a number of positive effects and contributes to a reduced burden of disease among children, staff and their families. Such interventions also provide opportunities for greater gender equity in access to education, and create educational opportunities to promote safe environments at home and in communities. This document provides guidance on water, sanitation and hygiene required in schools. …

  2. Towards comprehensive sexuality education: a comparative analysis of the policy environment surrounding school-based sexuality education in Ghana, Peru, Kenya and Guatemala

    The successful implementation of comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) programmes in schools depends on the development and implementation of strong policy in support of CSE. This paper offers a comparative analysis of the policy environment governing school-based CSE in four low- and middle-income countries at different stages of programme implementation: Ghana, Peru, Kenya and Guatemala. …

  3. The 2017 National School Climate Survey: the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer youth in our nation’s schools

    The full GLSEN 2017 National School Climate Survey report includes information on LGBTQ middle and high school students' experiences, including: hearing biased language, from both students and educators; experiences of harassment and assault; anti-LGBTQ discrimination; effects of a hostile school climate on educational outcomes and psychological well-being; and the availability and utility of supportive school resources. This report also examines demographic and school differences in students’ experiences, as well as changes in school climate over time. …

  4. National schools' policy on drugs, Grenada

    The revised National Policy on Drugs, Grenada, provides the education system with relevant and updated guidelines and protocols, to address substance use and related problems, among students and school personnel. It has five principal goals. These are to: 1. Ensure the health, safety and welfare of students, teachers and other stakeholders being served by the school, specifically in relation to the issue of substance use; 2. Promote a safe, healthy and substance free environment to support student development and academic achievement; 3. …

  5. Los derechos humanos frente a la violencia institucional

    Este cuadernillo del Ministerio de Educación de la Nación, dirigido a la comunidad educativa, brinda información para que la ciudadanía conozca sus derechos y sepa cómo hacerlos valer. En la primera sección, se presentan los núcleos centrales de la noción de violencia institucional desde el paradigma de los derechos humanos. En la segunda sección, proponemos un enfoque pedagógico para abordar la temática, algunas orientaciones generales para la intervención educativa y respuestas a preguntas posibles de hacerse desde lo institucional. …

  6. Lineamientos para la educación de una vida sin drogas

    Las últimas investigaciones realizadas por la Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo y Vida sin Drogas - DEVIDA y el Ministerio de Educación - MINEDU, permiten visualizar que los índices de consumo de drogas en el Perú siguen incrementándose, lo cual requiere del esfuerzo conjunto y participativo de la sociedad para enfrentarlo. Es por ello que se asume como Política de Estado (D. S. Nº 027-2007-PCM) disminuir el consumo de drogas en los adolescentes, encaminando las acciones y decisiones requeridas para el trabajo de prevención, en el marco de la normativa vigente. …

  7. From statehouse to schoolhouse: Anti-bullying policy efforts in U.S. states and school districts

    From Statehouse to Schoolhouse: Anti-Bullying Policy Efforts in U.S. States and School Districts fills an important gap in our understanding by examining: The prevalence of anti-bullying policies in all U.S. …

  8. Gender-based violence in education

    This paper examines how policies and strategies to address school-related gender-based violence have evolved since 2000, when gender-based violence within education was largely invisible. It traces remarkable progress in research, policy and programmes, particularly since the mid-2000s when evidence around the globe exposed high levels of many forms of violence. However, there is still insufficient knowledge about what works to reduce violence, and weaknesses in processes of policy enactment which inhibit effective action. …

  9. Gender nonconforming youth: Discipline disparities, school push-out, and the school-to-prison pipeline

    The school-to-prison pipeline, or STPP, refers to a set of school policies and practices that push students away from education and onto a pathway toward the juvenile detention and the prison industrial complex. School policies and practices that promote the STPP include “zero tolerance” policies, increased police presence, suspension and expulsion, and harsh and disparate disciplinary practices. Research has demonstrated that students pushed out by such policies, practices, and disciplinary disparities are disproportionally students of color and low-income students. …

  10. The effect of negative school climate on academic outcomes for LGBT youth and the role of in-school supports

    For many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, intolerance and prejudice make school a hostile and dangerous place. This study examined simultaneously the effects of a negative school climate on achievement and the role that school-based supports—safe school policies, supportive school personnel, and gay–straight alliance (GSA) clubs—may have in offsetting these effects. Data were drawn from a survey of a diverse sample of 5,730 LGBT youths who had attended secondary schools in the United States. …

  11. A critical analysis of public policies on education and LGBT rights in Brazil

    This report presents an analysis of public education policies and considers where these policies intersect with programmes aimed at preventing and reducing discrimination and violence against LGBT people. The first part of the report details the current Brazilian social context focusing on: levels of inequality and poverty; educational indicators; data on homophobic violence; and an assessment of dogmatic religious discourses that are increasingly affecting policymaking and implementation in areas pertaining to sexuality. …

  12. Addressing sexual health in schools: policy considerations

    Addressing Sexual Health in Schools: Policy Considerations brings together years of policy, research and advocacy efforts illuminating the need for young people to have access to the sexual health education and services they need to ensure their overall health and well-being. In recent years, many states and/or local school districts have adopted policies in support of sexual health education, and an increasing number of schools are establishing linkages and referrals to health service providers. …

  13. The 2011 National School Climate Survey: the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in our nation’s schools

    In this 2011 survey, the authors examine the experiences of LGBT students with regard to indicators of negative school climate: hearing biased remarks, including homophobic remarks, in school; feeling unsafe in school because of personal characteristics, such as sexual orientation, gender expression, or race/ethnicity; missing classes or days of school because of safety reasons; and experiencing harassment and assault in school. …

  14. Working with transgender children and their classmates in pre-adolescence: Just be supportive

    This study documents a school district’s coordinated response to an elementary student’s social transition from a gender variant boy to a female gender expression. Data were gathered through analysis of journal entries, lesson plans, and interviews with the child, guardian, and district personnel. Stakeholders reported a favorable outlook on the transition, particularly in the areas of classroom and school interventions, peer involvement, and maintaining safety for all. The greatest concerns related to communication and language. …

  15. Sexuality education for HIV prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean: a regional diagnosis

    More than 25 years since the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), preventing its transmission continues to be a challenge throughout the world; Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) are not an exception. The Government of Mexico has called upon the countries of the region to sign a joint Declaration from the Ministries of Education and Health with the firm commitment to utilize a comprehensive sex education approach as a strategic tool for HIV prevention. …

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