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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Change the context not the girls: improving efforts to reduce teenage pregnancy in Sierra Leone

    Concerns about significant increases in Sierra Leone’s already high rates of teenage pregnancy during the Ebola crisis have led to redoubled efforts among policy-makers and development practitioners to address this problem. The startling health and education impacts on teenage girls -twice as many mothers aged 15-19 die in childbirth compared to those over 20 while teen pregnancy is one of the leading causes of school dropouts - underline the importance of these efforts. …

  2. Prevention education in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A review of policies and practices

    This review presents the results of an assessment of the policies and practices related to prevention education in ten countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (EECA region). It consists of a regional overview (Chapters 1–6) and ten individual country assessments (Appendices 2–11). …

  3. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding HIV/AIDS among university students in Xinjiang

    Objective: The aim of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and its risk factors, attitude towards HIV/AIDS and AIDS patients and its transmission, and to identify high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS among university students in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Methodology: A cross–sectional survey was conducted among students enrolled in two universities, the Xinjiang University (XU) and Xinjiang Medical University (XMU). …

  4. Predictors of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among young people: Lessons from Botswana

    This study sought to identify factors that can predict knowledge about HIV/AIDS among adolescents in Botswana. The data were collected through a self administered questionnaire from a sample of 1294 students from schools around the capital city of Botswana, Gaborone. The research instrument consisted of 76 items that solicited information on background characteristics of respondents, indicators of family cohesiveness and bonding of children with their parents, indicators of personal adjustment, evidence of sex life, and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. …

  5. Impact of HIV/AIDS education programmes on sexual behaviour of female students in Nigerian schools: Policy implications for scientific and technolgical development

    This study investigated the impact of HIV/AIDS education programmes on sexual behaviors of female students in senior secondary schools in Rivers State of Nigeria. The population for the study comprised of all senior secondary schools female students in Nigeria, which was divided into urban and rural schools. The sample size was 200 female students obtained by using stratified random sampling technique. …

  6. Working with transgender children and their classmates in pre-adolescence: Just be supportive

    This study documents a school district’s coordinated response to an elementary student’s social transition from a gender variant boy to a female gender expression. Data were gathered through analysis of journal entries, lesson plans, and interviews with the child, guardian, and district personnel. Stakeholders reported a favorable outlook on the transition, particularly in the areas of classroom and school interventions, peer involvement, and maintaining safety for all. The greatest concerns related to communication and language. …

  7. The response of higher education institutions in Africa to the HIV and AIDS epidemic: synthesis of four sub-regional surveys in sub-Saharan Africa

    The Association of African Universities (AAU) runs an HIV and AIDS Programme dubbed 'African Universities Responding to HIV and AIDS' which aims at ensuring that the higher education community in Africa uses all available means to prevent the spread, mitigate the impact and manage the HIV and AIDS epidemic. …

  8. Thematic Report: Gender, EPASI (Educational Policies that Address Social Inequality) project

    The Educational Policy Addressing Social Inclusion (EPASI) project is an effort to identify and analyse a sample of existing policies and implemented projects addressing educational inequality in 14 of the 27 member states. This report begins with a brief outlining of gender and sexuality definitions and concepts, moves onto present findings of the projects that deal with gender and sexuality, the educational policies followed, descriptions of projects that represent these policies in practise and concludes with a summary, conclusions and recommendations.

  9. Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe

    This report is the result of the largest study ever made on homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the 47 member states of the Council of Europe. …

  10. Conversations in equity and social justice: constructing safe schools for queer youth

    The paper is a critique of discourse focused on at-risk behaviour and homophobic bullying. The paper argues that conversations around homophobic bullying must include discussions of doing equity and achieving social justice, in which the ultimate goal of constructing safe schools is achieved through the utter transformation of school culture. Failure to do anything less continues to license homophobia and makes predictable and inevitable violence against queer youth. …

  11. Situation Assessment of Adolescents for Life Skills and HIV Prevention in selected districts of Pakistan

    A dearth of information on situation of adolescents exists in Pakistan and there is little evidence on which to build policies and programmes. …

  12. Response to HIV/AIDS: South Africa

    The development of a National HIV/AIDS and STD Strategic Plan for South Africa for 2000 to 2005 was initiated by the Ministry of Health in consultation with key role players including relevant governments, non governmental organisations, people living with AIDS, oganised labour and other relevant role players. This report documents the strategic national plan being put into place to combat the impact and spread of HIV/AIDS with respect to education, school's curriculum and government response.

  13. Global Initiatives on HIV/AIDS and Education. Powerpoint presentation

    More than 200 participants drawn from all stakeholders in education in Nigeria and members of the civil societies assembled at the Merit House in Abuja for a four-day national workshop (10-13 June 2002) on Education for HIV/AIDS Prevention in Nigeria. …

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