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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV and education: Guaranteeing lessons for all. Research into the provision of relationships and sexual health education in Scotland

    There is now consensus among Scotland's third sector children's rights, women's rights and young people's and equality organisations that RSHP lessons urgently need to be improved. Comprehensive sexuality education is essential for young people to be able to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy, HIV and sexually transmitted infections, to Evidence emonstrates that young gay and bisexual men in Scotland are at higher risk of HIV as a consequence of having poor knowledge about HIV risk. …

  2. Guía metodológica de educación sexual para la prevención del VIH y otras ITS

    Esta guía está enmarcada en el programa de educación sexual, prevención del VIH y otras ITS para las entidades miembros de CESIDA. Para concluir el programa, se ha elaborado esta guía metodológica entre las organizaciones que han participado en el programa, en la que cada entidad ha aportado recursos didácticos en relación con el modelo sexológico de educación sexual para la prevención que se ha trabajado en el programa.

  3. Dinámicas propuestas por las entidades: guía metodológica de educación sexual para la prevención del VIH y otras ITS

    Esta guía está enmarcada en el programa de educación sexual, prevención del VIH y otras ITS para las entidades miembros de CESIDA. Para concluir el programa, se ha elaborado esta guía metodológica entre las organizaciones que han participado en el programa, en la que cada entidad ha aportado recursos didácticos en relación con el modelo sexológico de educación sexual para la prevención que se ha trabajado en el programa.

  4. The efficacy of HIV and sex education interventions among youths in developing countries: a review

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youths represent an important public health challenge in developing countries. The incidence of HIV peaked in the 1990’s and saw a decline from 2005. What was done to prompt the decline? To answer this question selecting studies between 1990 and 2005 was appropriate to assess whether the drop in HIV incidence in developing countries was as a result of education interventions. …

  5. Peer education training manual. For the training of peer educators and peer education advisers in secondary schools

    Peer education is a powerful strategy to promote positive behaviour change and improve the life skills of young people. This peer education program builds upon the concepts and life skills first introduced in the Upper Primary Personal Development syllabus. It reinforces and deepens the learning outcomes in Lower Secondary Personal Development. …

  6. Charting the course of education and HIV

    More than three decades after the identification of the virus, HIV continues to affect millions of people worldwide even though infection rates are down in a number of countries. From the beginning, the education sector has played a central role in responding to HIV. However, its role and the contribution of school-based HIV education has been the subject of much debate. This book provides an overview of how the role of the education sector and approaches to HIV education have evolved over time. …

  7. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  8. Gender, sex and HIV: How to adress issues that no-one want to hear about

    This paper discusses the limitations of conventional Information, Education and Communication (IEC) approaches to HIV prevention and describes Stepping Stones, one approach which 1) is more holistic in recognising the location of HIV in a broader sexual and reproductive health (SRH) context; 2) emphasises the importance of a gendered perspective throughout; and 3) works on the basis that, with good facilitation, ordinary community members are those most able to develop the best solutions for their own sexual health needs.

  9. Factors associated with teachers’ implementation of HIV/AIDS education in secondary schools in Cape Town, South Africa

    This study investigated the factors influencing whether high school teachers implemented HIV/AIDS education. The independent variables included constructs derived from expectancy value theories, teachers’ generic dispositions, their training experience, characteristics of their interactive context and the school climate. We conducted a postal survey of 579 teachers responsible for AIDS education in all 193 public high schools in Cape Town. Questionnaires were completed and returned by 324 teachers (56% response rate) from 125 schools. …

  10. L'éducation affective, relationnelle et sexuelle des jeunes comme mesure de prévention du VIH/SIDA

    Le rapport qui suit est une étude comparative des réponses obtenues suite à la transmission, aux différentes sections membres de l’Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie en septembre 2010, d’un questionnaire sur l'éducation affective, relationnelle et sexuelle des jeunes comme mesure de prévention du VIH-SIDA. …

  11. Teachers' confidence in teaching HIV/AIDS and sexuality in South African and Tanzanian schools

    Aims: This study aimed to investigate how confident and comfortable teachers at Tanzanian and South African urban and rural schools are in teaching HIV/AIDS and sexuality. It also aimed at identifying factors associated with teacher confidence and investigated how reported confidence was associated with the implementation of educational programmes on HIV/AIDS and sexuality. Methods: A survey was conducted among South African grade 8 and 9 Life Orientation teachers, and among science teachers for grade 5 to 7 in public primary schools in Tanzania. …

  12. Using a different lens for HIV and AIDS education. Research method and pedagogy using participatory visual methodologies

    This publication draws on a two day workshop, Research Method and Pedagogy Using Participatory Visual Methodologies, held 4-5 April 2011 in Port Elizabeth. The workshop focused on visual participatory methodologies used across various disciplinary areas, including education, and particularly HIV and AIDS Education. The sections of this publication include the use of drawing, photovoice and storyboard and the visual ethics.

  13. Sexual and HIV/AIDS education in South African secondary schools

    Teaching sexual and HIV and AIDS education in schools has been the subject of debate and discussion for a while now southern Africa. The debates have mainly centred around three key issues – at what stage to introduce it, what kind of curricula is appropriate and who is qualified to provide such teaching. South Africa is one the few countries in the region that have made attempts to introduce sexual and HIV and AIDS education at the secondary school level. Although this has had benefits, it has not been without its challenges. …

  14. The application of Intervention Mapping in developing and implementing school-based sexuality and HIV/AIDS education in a developing country context: the case of Tanzania

    Effective sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programmes are needed to protect young people against HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancy in Tanzania and other Sub-Saharan African countries. Using a theory- and evidence-based approach and adapting the programmes to local contexts, increases the effectiveness of these programmes. This paper describes and discusses the challenges and opportunities concerning the application of Intervention Mapping (IM) in the development and implementation of a sexuality and HIV/AIDS education programme targeting young people aged 12-14 in Tanzania. …

  15. Health and family life education policy

    Health and Family Life Education, a comprehensive life-skill programme, is the chosen vehicle for HIV and AIDS prevention including both knowledge and skill acquisition. Its primary focus is to increase the awareness of children and youth, in formal and non-formal sectors of the fact that the choices they make daily will profoundly influence their health and personal development. …

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