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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The efficacy of HIV and sex education interventions among youths in developing countries: a review

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among youths represent an important public health challenge in developing countries. The incidence of HIV peaked in the 1990’s and saw a decline from 2005. What was done to prompt the decline? To answer this question selecting studies between 1990 and 2005 was appropriate to assess whether the drop in HIV incidence in developing countries was as a result of education interventions. …

  2. Averting new HIV infection among young people in Papua and West Papua, Indonesia: education sector response to HIV and AIDS: end programme evaluation

    The goal of the programme has been to contribute to averting new HIV infections among young people aged 10–24 years in Papua and West Papua Provinces of Indonesia by the end of 2013. …

  3. Opportunities for technology-based HIV prevention programming among high school students in Cape Town, South Africa

    One in three new cases of HIV in South Africa is among adolescents. Given that adolescents are particularly affected, scalable, and cost-effective prevention programs are urgently needed. This study aims to identify opportunities to integrate technology into youth HIV prevention efforts. In 2012, 1107 8th–11th graders completed a paper-and-pencil survey. Respondents were enrolled in one of three public high schools in Langa, a lower income community in Cape Town, South Africa. Eighty-nine percent of respondents have used text messaging (SMS) and 86% have gone online. …

  4. Sex and HIV education programs: Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world

    This paper reviews 83 studies that measure the impact of curriculum-based sex and HIV education programs on sexual behavior and mediating factors among youth under 25 years anywhere in the world. Two thirds of the programs significantly improved one or more sexual behaviors. The evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some programs delay or decrease sexual behaviors or increase condom or contraceptive use. …

  5. L'éducation affective, relationnelle et sexuelle des jeunes comme mesure de prévention du VIH/SIDA

    Le rapport qui suit est une étude comparative des réponses obtenues suite à la transmission, aux différentes sections membres de l’Assemblée parlementaire de la Francophonie en septembre 2010, d’un questionnaire sur l'éducation affective, relationnelle et sexuelle des jeunes comme mesure de prévention du VIH-SIDA. …

  6. A critical review of the evidence on the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS education programs for youth in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper critically examines the evidence from recent experimental design evaluations on the impact of HIV/AIDS prevention through youth education programs in sub-Saharan Africa. It pre-specifies the study inclusion criteria, the search strategy and the methods for summarizing findings. This paper also identifies recurring flaws in the research and suggests several methods for avoiding these shortcomings in future studies. Our initial search produced 139 potential articles for review, but only six met the pre-stated study inclusion criteria. …

  7. The impact of HIV/AIDS on the organization of education systems

    The IIEP HIV/AIDS Forum was conceived with two themes in mind - of information sharing and of community building. It aimed to create a virtual network of education professionals working against HIV/AIDS, while promoting the exchange of successful interventions, and establishing consistency within programme development. The participants represented more than 50 countries from all over the world, with more than half from Africa. Fourteen percent worked in ministries and International agencies with the NGOs, Universities, and UN agencies equally represented in the discussion. …

  8. Stay healthy: a gender-transformative HIV prevention curriculum for youth in Namibia

    The overall goal of Stay Healthy: A Gender-Transformative HIV Prevention Curriculum for Youth in Namibia is to prevent HIV infection among Namibian youth aged 13-18. Stay Healthy focuses on changing three key behaviors directly related to HIV infection by accomplishing the following: (1) delaying the onset of sexual intercourse, (2) increasing the correct and consistent use of the male condom among sexually active youth, and (3) decreasing multiple concurrent partners among sexually active youth. …

  9. Evaluation of an AIDS education programme for young adults

    The aim of this randomized, pre-post test study was to evaluate the impact of AIDS education programs (Streetwize UK) on adolescents. Participants were identfied from six youth training centers in Nottingham, England. The participants were aged 16-19 years and each centre ws randomly allocated to experimental (n=173) or control (n=164) group. Sixty-six percent of the sample was sexually active. No differences were observed between groups at pre-test. …

  10. Early intervention: HIV/AIDS programs for school-aged youth

    This study is an effort to identify low-cost HIV/AIDS awareness programs in in-school as well as community-based settings that target school-age children and particularly adolescent and pre-adolescent youth. The primary objective is to determine the transferability of alternative and community-based programs to a larger scale through programs that use schools as a point of delivery. By sharing information, other programs, either active in HIV/AIDS education or beginning to plan for such programs, can gain from the experiences and information provided. …

  11. ¿Qué sirve mejor en la enseñanza sobre la sexualidad y el VIH?

    Los programas educativos sobre la sexualidad y el VIH tienen varias metas: disminuir los embarazos no planeados, reducir las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS) incluyendo la del VIH y mejorar la salud sexual de los jóvenes. Algunos de los numerosos factores que influyen en la conducta sexual y el uso de protección entre los adolescentes tienen poco que ver con las relaciones sexuales, por ejemplo: la crianza en una comunidad desfavorecida, la falta de apego a los padres o el fracaso escolar. …

  12. Situation Assessment of Adolescents for Life Skills and HIV Prevention in selected districts of Pakistan

    A dearth of information on situation of adolescents exists in Pakistan and there is little evidence on which to build policies and programmes. …

  13. The Impact of Sex and HIV Education Programs in Schools and Communities on Sexual Behaviors among Young Adults

    Sex and HIV education programs that are based on a written curriculum and that are implemented among groups of youth in schools, clinics, or other community settings are a promising type of intervention to reduce adolescent sexual risk behaviors. This paper summarizes a review of 83 evaluations of such programs in developing and developed countries. The programs typically focused on pregnancy or HIV/STI prevention behaviors, not on broader issues of sexuality such as developmental stages, gender roles, or romantic relationships. …

  14. Life Skills and HIV Education Curricula in Africa: Methods and Evaluations

    Life Skills and HIV Education Curricula in Africa: Methods and Evaluations is a study commissioned by the basic education team of the U.S Agency for International Development Africa Bureau's Office of Sustainable Development (USAID/AFR/SD) in 2003. Today, most of the HIV/AIDS prevention intervention in sub-Saharan Africa focused on disseminating information and discouraging risky sexual practices. …

  15. Review of educational programs on HIV prevention in Russia

    The analytical study is based on the materials of the international seminar 'Challenges of XXI century. HIV/AIDS prevention in educational programs for children and youth' that was organized by the UNESCO Moscow Office and Moscow Department of Education on 5 July 2004 in Moscow. The great attention was paid to the questions of complex approach to the struggle with HIV, combination of medical and education programs, support to abandoned HIV-positive children. …

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