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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Guia de boas práticas: Adoles(Ser): sexualidade e afectos

    Este guia surge na sequência do Projeto Adoles(Ser), realizado na Maternidade Dr. Alfredo da Costa (MAC) e da necessidade de partilhar e transmitir informação a professores e técnicos que pretendam consolidar conhecimentos e competências no âmbito da educação sexual. Apresentamos as linhas orientadoras do projeto, os seus objetivos e resultados, enquadrados numa breve contextualização da adolescência e da sexualidade. Damos ainda destaque a algumas atividades e boas práticas utilizadas, possibilitando a sua replicação em contexto escolar no quadro de programas sobre sexualidade.

  2. Averting new HIV infection among young people in Papua and West Papua, Indonesia: education sector response to HIV and AIDS: end programme evaluation

    The goal of the programme has been to contribute to averting new HIV infections among young people aged 10–24 years in Papua and West Papua Provinces of Indonesia by the end of 2013. …

  3. Mediation analysis of an adolescent HIV/STI/pregnancy prevention intervention

    Most interventions designed to prevent HIV/STI/pregnancy risk behaviours in young people have multiple components based on psychosocial theories (e.g. social cognitive theory) dictating sets of mediating variables to influence to achieve desired changes in behaviours. Mediation analysis is a method for investigating the extent to which a variable X (e.g. intervention indicator) influences an outcome variable Y (e.g. unprotected sex) by first influencing an intermediate variable M (e.g. …

  4. Delivering youth-led peer education: a guide to facilitate youth-led workshops on sexual health and drug-related harm reduction

    This guide was developed as part of the international ‘Educate, empower and engage for healthy lives’ project. This guide was developed by a team of young people with personal experience as a young person who uses drugs and/or work with vulnerable young people. The guide was developed by the project team and then piloted in 4 countries (Kyrgyzstan, Mexico, Nigeria, and Portugal). …

  5. Drug prevention programmes in schools: what is the evidence?

    Key messages: Universal drug education programmes in schools have been shown to have an impact on the most common substances used by young people: alcohol, tobacco and cannabis. The approaches which appear to be most effective are those based on social influences and life skills, for example Life Skills Training and Unplugged. Interventions which are not drug-specific but focus on children and young people’s attachment to school can also be effective in reducing substance misuse. The Good Behaviour Game is one example of these. …

  6. Orientaciones para la prevención de adicciones en escuelas de educación primaria: guía para docentes de 1°, 2° y 3°

    La presente Guía para docentes de 1º, 2º y 3º de primaria, junto con la Guía para docentes de 4º, 5º y 6º, y la Guía para fortalecer la gestión escolar con énfasis en prevención dirigida a los directivos para el trabajo con los colectivos escolares, conforman la serie de materiales denominada: Orientaciones para la Prevención de Adicciones en escuelas de educación primaria. …

  7. Orientaciones para la prevención de adicciones en escuelas de educación básica: guía de capacitación para profesores de secundaria

    A través de las secciones que integran la presente guía de capacitación, los docentes analizarán las posibilidades de la escuela secundaria para promover en sus alumnos conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes necesarios para el autocuidado frente a los riesgos del entorno, así como para el ejercicio responsable de su libertad. …

  8. Orientaciones para la prevención de adicciones en escuelas de educación básica: manual para profesores de secundaria

    El Manual presenta un panorama actualizado sobre las características del consumo de sustancias adictivas en México, particularmente en la población adolescente y las repercusiones de dicho consumo en su salud y desempeño escolar. Asimismo, se brindan las bases teóricas y metodológicas de un modelo integral para la prevención de adicciones tendiente a la promoción de habilidades y actitudes de protección frente a los riesgos que representan las drogas, así como para la construcción de un proyecto de vida, positivo y saludable. …

  9. School-based drug abuse prevention: promising and successful programs

    This document is organized in three chapters. The first presents the risk and protective factors for drug use, the second provides elements of good practice for drug prevention, and the third insists on successful school-based drug prevention programs that target those most at-risk and contribute to reduce drug-related crime. An extensive list of references is available at the end of the publication.

  10. A review of interventions addressing structural drivers of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health vulnerability in sub-Saharan Africa: implications for sexual health programming

    Background: Young people particularly women are at increased risk of undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Structural factors have been reported as driving some of these risks. Although several interventions have targeted some of the structural drivers for adolescent’s SRH risk, little has been done to consolidate such work. This would provide a platform for coordinated efforts towards adolescent’s SRH. …

  11. HIV/AIDS vulnerabilities, discrimination, and service accessibility among Africa’s youth: Insights from a multi-country study

    Africa’s young people aged 15–24 are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. The impact of the epidemic on young people calls for close attention to the youth dimensions of the epidemic. To inform the development of more effective policies for targeting youth and meeting their needs, the Population Council and partners conducted a study of HIV risk-taking and health-seeking behaviors among young people in Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. …

  12. Youth data collection in DHS surveys: An overview

    International development assistance programs are placing an increasing emphasis on youth. As a result, there is growing demand for information about youth for planning, monitoring, and assessing youth initiatives. This paper reviews the contribution that The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program is currently making to address the data needs of youth programs. The paper then considers constraints and challenges as well as potential opportunities within The DHS Program for responding to the expanding demand for data on youth.

  13. HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

    Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable, both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date. This is particularly true for adolescents — especially girls — who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence. …

  14. Mapping HIV services and policies for adolescents: A survey of ten countries in sub-Saharan Africa

    PEPFAR and USAID, in collaboration with UNICEF, supported AIDSTAR-One in conducting a mapping activity to identify HIV policies and services for adolescents in 10 sub-Saharan African countries: Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This technical report summarizes AIDSTAR-One’s findings and is a resource for program planners and policymakers working to improve services and policies for HIV prevention, care, and treatment among adolescents and ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa. …

  15. Evaluation of an AIDS education programme for young adults

    The aim of this randomized, pre-post test study was to evaluate the impact of AIDS education programs (Streetwize UK) on adolescents. Participants were identfied from six youth training centers in Nottingham, England. The participants were aged 16-19 years and each centre ws randomly allocated to experimental (n=173) or control (n=164) group. Sixty-six percent of the sample was sexually active. No differences were observed between groups at pre-test. …

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