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In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the HIV epidemic has been on the rise since 2001. Although the overall HIV prevalence in the region is still low, the rise in new infections has put MENA among the top two regions in the world with the fastest growing HIV epidemic. The rise in the estimated number of people living with HIV in the region presumably is the result of an increased HIV prevalence among key populations at higher risk and a forward transmission of the virus to a larger number of individuals who are generally at lower risk of infection.
Information on HIV/AIDS epidemics in Latin America is disperse and lacks comprehensiveness. Sound and timely policies can limit the current and future impact of the epidemics but good policies are built on a strong epidemiological base and according to the countries' needs. The aim of this study was to assemble all the information available on the epidemiological pattern of the epidemics in Latin America and to gather information on current national surveillance capacity, national responses of the health sector to identify key areas where specific interventions are needed. …
This is a report of a symposium on the status and trends of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world that was organised by Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network. The intend was to derive information on status and trends that can be used by international, national and local bodies. The topics covered include: 1) the status of the epidemic (as of 1998); 2) migration and HIV/AIDS; 3) inequities in care and support for those infected with and affected by HIV/AIDS; 4) mother-to-child transmission; 5) HIV/AIDS transmission in the health care setting; 6) AIDS orphans; 7) interaction between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS programmes; and 8) general recommendations.