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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. A systematic literature review of HIV and AIDS research in Papua New Guinea 2007-2008

    The primary objectives of the review were to systematically collect and review studies on HIV, AIDS, STIs and STDs conducted in PNG between 2007 and 2008; to assess the quality and reliability of these studies; and to synthesize the research findings under common thematic areas. The secondary objective of the review was to identify relevant recommendations for researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and stakeholders. …

  2. An HIV epidemic is ready to emerge in the Philippines

    The current behavioural, social and epidemiological conditions suggest that an HIV epidemic in the Philippines may be unavoidable in the near future. The number of diagnoses is increasing, particularly due to homosexual and bisexual contact; there are low condom-use rates; and the age at diagnosis is decreasing. The underlying cause of these symptoms needs to be addressed in order to prevent an emergent epidemic.

  3. The era of ARV (anti-retroviral) in the generalised HIV epidemic in Thailand: Research approaches

    This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the sexual behavior of Thais. It draws primarily upon the 2006 National Sexual Behavioral Survey, which is a nationally representative survey of Thai adults. The emphasis of individual chapters is on risk behaviors, with the chapters analyzing risk behaviors in relation to HIV policy and programs. The book also provides a welcome addition to the literature on HIV policy and programs at an opportune time. …

  4. HIV/AIDS interventions in Bangladesh: What can application of a social exclusion framework tell us?

    Bangladesh has maintained a low HIV prevalence (of less than 1%) despite multiple risk factors. However, recent serological surveillance data have reported very high levels of HIV infection among a subgroup of male injecting drug-users (IDUs). This suggests that an HIV/AIDS epidemic could be imminent in Bangladesh. Although biomedical and behavioural change projects are important, they do not address the root causes of observed risky behaviours among high-risk groups. …

  5. Relationships of HIV and STD decline in Thailand and behavioral change: a synthesis of existing studies

    Ce document passe en revue des données disponibles sur l'épidémie du SIDA en Thaïlande dans le but de : 1. Donner un aperçu des données épidémiologiques et de comportement; 2. Déterminer les changements intervenus aussi bien à l'échelle nationale que régionale; 3. Etudier la relation entre le comportement et l'infection du VIH/MST; 4. Explorer la possibilité de lier les aspects de comportement et épidémiologiques de l'épidémie; 5. Etudier le rapport entre le changement de comportement et les changements épidémiologiques et 6. Déterminer les implications pratiques des résultats dans la poursuite du programme national et des besoins exprimés par les orientations en Thaïlande.

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