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Mitigating HIV and AIDS among youth has been a major policy agenda both internationally and nationally, within Tanzania. Two concerns associated with mitigation efforts are increasing sexual activity at young ages and a burgeoning population of out-of-school youth whom poverty, lack of supervision, and unemployment seem to push into alternative life patterns that present risks to their health. This situation poses a serious challenge for Tanzania, where half the population is categorised as young.
This report represents the findings of the second cross-sectional study conducted in 2006, one years after the first study. The behavioral study is conducted among Intravenous Drug Users, Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men, prisoners, STI patients including the group of young people aged 15-24 and Roma population.
Young people are leading the prevention revolution by taking definitive action to protect themselves from HIV. A change is happening among young people across the world, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Waiting longer to become sexually active, young people have fewer multiple partners and there is an increased use of condoms among those with multiple partners. And HIV prevalence among young people is dropping in many key countries. The impact - HIV prevalence among young people is falling in 16 of the 21 countries most affected by HIV. …
This note highlights the increasing risk of young people to HIV infection. It begins with an epidemiological overview and then analyses the factors that contribute to young people's vulnerability, including lack of information and access to youth-friendly health services, the needs of special target groups, and the links between drug use and HIV/AIDS. The paper then highlights the need for youth-friendly programmes and services, including peer-to-peer education and life skills. It also notes the importance of integrated youth health policies and high-level political comittment. …
Le rapport "les enfants au bord du gouffre 2002" comprends des statistiques sur les enfants rendus orphelins par le VIH/SIDA dans 88 pays, une analyse des tendances qui se dégagent de ces statistiques et des stratégies et principes visant à aider ces enfants. Troisième d'une série de rapport dont les premières éditions sont parues en 1997 et 2000, ce document porte sur une période allant de 1990 à 2010.
This is a report of a symposium on the status and trends of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the world. The symposium was organized in France by the Monitoring the AIDS Pandemic Network. It aimed to foster the exchange of information on status and trends for use by international, national and local bodies. The main topics covered include: 1)the state of the epidemic in 1998; 2)migration and HIV/AIDS; 3)inequities in care and support for those infected with and affected by HIV/AIDS; 4)mother-to-child transmission; 5)HIV transmission in the health care setting; 6)AIDS orphans; 7)interaction between tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS programmes; and 8)general recommendations.