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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  2. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa: time for strategic action

    Despite a fair amount of progress on understanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology globally, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the only region where knowledge of the epidemic continues to be very limited, and subject to much controversy. This report addresses this dearth of strategic information on HIV infections in MENA through a joint effort of the World Bank, the MENA Regional Support Team (RST) of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO). …

  3. A population based survey on HIV prevalence in Nagaland, India

    The primary aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in Nagaland and to study knowledge and attitude of study participants towards HIV/AIDS and related Government programs. A population based survey was carried out during April-October, 2007. Stratified sampling technique was adopted with an anonymous, linked design for HIV testing using Dried Blood Spot Testing Method (Tri-Dot). A total of 1965 households were interviewed in which 5661 eligible respondents (male:15-54 years and female:15-49 years) completed the interview. …

  4. Intersections - gender, HIV, and infrastructure operations. Lessons from selected ADB-financed transport projects

    ADB is committed to mainstream gender equality approaches in all sectors of its operations. This publication assesses the nexus between gender inequalities, HIV spread, and infrastructure development. A desk review and comparative analysis of existing infrastructure sector policies, legal and regulatory frameworks related to HIV prevention in Cambodia, the People's Republic of China, India, Papua New Guinea, and Tajikistan identifies factors which may contribute to promote an effective response to the epidemic. …

  5. A development strategy to empower rural farmers and prevent HIV: Farmer Life Schools

    The report documents an effort of UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Project in collaboration of FAO and the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) to mainstream HIV resilience building in the agricultural sector through an experiment called Farmer Life Schools (FLS). The FLS approach translates farmers' analytical thinking from plant ecosystem-base into analysing an individual's life as a human ecosystem - with factors that strengthen or weaken his/her resilience to adversities, which includes HIV.

  6. Situation of HIV/AIDS among Young People in the Asia-Pacific Region

    This note highlights the increasing risk of young people to HIV infection. It begins with an epidemiological overview and then analyses the factors that contribute to young people's vulnerability, including lack of information and access to youth-friendly health services, the needs of special target groups, and the links between drug use and HIV/AIDS. The paper then highlights the need for youth-friendly programmes and services, including peer-to-peer education and life skills. It also notes the importance of integrated youth health policies and high-level political comittment. …

  7. Nurturing a Community-based Response: A Special Report on the Impact of ActionAid's HIV/AIDS Work During 1998

    Provides and overview of work with HIV/AIDS in Africa and Asia focussing on the challenge to find ways to asses its impact. While acknowledging their limitations of a) identifying specific behaviour changes and b) attributing it solely to their programme efforts, ActionAid offers a range of qualitative data that demonstrate different levels of change. Recognising its own need to increase monitoring outputs, the organisation also challenges the narrowness of the current monitoring and evaluation criteria and suggests a creative area that would accept a wider variety of data.

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