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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Strategy on HIV infection and AIDS (2011-2015)

    The National Strategy for the Response to the HIV Epidemic offers a five-year framework for development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the national response to the HIV epidemic. The general goal of the Strategy is prevention of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted infections, and the provision of treatment and support for all Persons Living with HIV/AIDS. The main components of the Strategy are: 1. Prevention of HIV infection in especially vulnerable and other vulnerable population groups of particular interest; 2. …

  2. Recomendações para a atenção integral a adolescentes e jovens vivendo com HIV/Aids

    A epidemia de aids entre adolescentes e jovens, ao longo dos últimos 30 anos, mantém-se como um desafio para os profissionais de saúde, tanto no campo da prevençăo de novos casos, como no campo do tratamento, especialmente em funçăo da tendęncia ao aumento da prevalęncia da infecçăo pelo HIV na populaçăo jovem. …

  3. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  4. Reducing HIV Infection in Young Women in Southern Africa: The Key to Altering Epidemic Trajectories in a Generalized, Hyperendemic Setting

    This paper gives an overview of the HIV prevention battle in Southern Africa and supports the development of more balanced and innovative HIV prevention portfolio that adresses the real, immediate, and substantial risk facing young women from sub-Saharan African countries.

  5. The Conflict and HIV/AIDS Nexus: An Empirical Assessment

    Within this report, we outline what is generally known about HIV/AIDS and the influence of conflict on the disease. We then discuss the first systematic effort to explore the relationship as well as some limitations with this analysis, prompting the current investigation. Following this, we present our general argument, the data and the research design that we use to explore it. In the next section, we discuss our empirical findings from the global and Rwandan analyses. What do we find? …

  6. UNAIDS Outlook report 2010 supplement: young people are leading the HIV prevention revolution

    Young people are leading the prevention revolution by taking definitive action to protect themselves from HIV. A change is happening among young people across the world, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Waiting longer to become sexually active, young people have fewer multiple partners and there is an increased use of condoms among those with multiple partners. And HIV prevalence among young people is dropping in many key countries. The impact - HIV prevalence among young people is falling in 16 of the 21 countries most affected by HIV. …

  7. Characterizing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the Middle East and North Africa: time for strategic action

    Despite a fair amount of progress on understanding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemiology globally, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is the only region where knowledge of the epidemic continues to be very limited, and subject to much controversy. This report addresses this dearth of strategic information on HIV infections in MENA through a joint effort of the World Bank, the MENA Regional Support Team (RST) of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office (EMRO) of the World Health Organization (WHO). …

  8. UNAIDS outlook 2010

    UNAIDS Outlook Report explores new ideas and ways to use the data collected in the AIDS Epidemic Update companion report. It is clear that the HIV epidemic the world faces today is not the same as when it was at its peak in 1996. The number of people living with HIV has continued to grow, albeit less rapidly. The way we respond today needs to keep pace with and overtake the epidemic if we are to see a real change in people's lives, aspirations and futures.

  9. A population based survey on HIV prevalence in Nagaland, India

    The primary aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection in Nagaland and to study knowledge and attitude of study participants towards HIV/AIDS and related Government programs. A population based survey was carried out during April-October, 2007. Stratified sampling technique was adopted with an anonymous, linked design for HIV testing using Dried Blood Spot Testing Method (Tri-Dot). A total of 1965 households were interviewed in which 5661 eligible respondents (male:15-54 years and female:15-49 years) completed the interview. …

  10. Situation of HIV/AIDS among Young People in the Asia-Pacific Region

    This note highlights the increasing risk of young people to HIV infection. It begins with an epidemiological overview and then analyses the factors that contribute to young people's vulnerability, including lack of information and access to youth-friendly health services, the needs of special target groups, and the links between drug use and HIV/AIDS. The paper then highlights the need for youth-friendly programmes and services, including peer-to-peer education and life skills. It also notes the importance of integrated youth health policies and high-level political comittment. …

  11. Children on the Brink 2002: A Joint Report on Orphan Estimates and Program Strategies

    Le rapport "les enfants au bord du gouffre 2002" comprends des statistiques sur les enfants rendus orphelins par le VIH/SIDA dans 88 pays, une analyse des tendances qui se dégagent de ces statistiques et des stratégies et principes visant à aider ces enfants. Troisième d'une série de rapport dont les premières éditions sont parues en 1997 et 2000, ce document porte sur une période allant de 1990 à 2010.

  12. Regional consultation on HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support programmes in Latin America and the Carribbean for men who have sex with men

    This report addresses the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Latin America and the Caribbean. It gives a regional overview of HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and looks at policies of national AIDS programmes and four projects run by NGOs.

  13. Towards the creation of strategic partnerships: improving access to drugs for HIV/AIDS: report of a consultative meeting, Geneva, 30 June - 2 July 1997

    This is a report of a meeting of people living with HIV/AIDS, NGOs, national AIDS programme managers and UN representatives. Questions deliberated include: What are the current and future issues relating to access to drugs for HIV/AIDS at country and global levels? What partnerships should be created at country level to address these issues? What should be the nature and scope of these partnerships at country level? What should the UN do at global and country level to support these partnerships?

  14. Prisons and AIDS: UNAIDS point of view

    The AIDS virus has been found in prisons in most countries of the world. This should be a source of the utmost concern -- not only for prisoners and prison staff, but for society in general.

  15. Refugees and AIDS

    The spread of HIV infection can be rapid in specific contexts such as poverty and social instability, war and civil strife. In situations of conflicts and war, for example, factors that encourage the spread of HIV among refugees and displaced persons include: the vulnerability to sexual abuse and violence, precocious sexual activity among young people, the occurrence of prostitution. Basic responses to prevent HIV transmission should include: access to information and condoms, screening of blood donations, provision of gloves and other supplies to ensure universal medical precautions.

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