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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Enquête de surveillance comportementale auprès des jeunes : Rapport final

    L’Enquête de Surveillance Comportementale (ESC 2012) auprès des Jeunes de 15 à 24 ans a été exécutée par l’Institut National de la Statistique. Il s’agit de la quatrième enquête par sondage du genre qui a été réalisée au niveau de 38 sites sentinelles répartis à travers les 22 régions administratives du pays. Cette étude s’inscrit dans le cadre du dispositif mis en place à Madagascar pour la surveillance des comportements à risque vis-à-vis de l’infection à VIH. …

  2. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    The way we interpret and understand HIV/AIDS influences our choice for programmatic interventions. Therefore, this report begins by providing conceptual starting points for a comprehensive understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chapter 1 sets the national historic context, which serves as a backdrop to the heritage which we seek to preserve, and the will of the people to win. …

  3. HIV decline in Zimbabwe due to reductions in risky sex? Evidence from a comprehensive epidemiological review

    Recent data from antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance and general population surveys suggest substantial declines in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence in Zimbabwe. We assessed the contributions of rising mortality, falling HIV incidence and sexual behaviour change to the decline in HIV prevalence. Comprehensive review and secondary analysis of national and local sources on trends in HIV prevalence, HIV incidence, mortality and sexual behaviour covering the period 1985-2007. …

  4. The impact of HIV and AIDS in Cameroon through 2020

    This booklet was the result of collaboration among staff of the National AIDS Control Committee, Central Technical Group (CNLS/GTC); the USAID Health Policy Initiative, Task Order 1; and the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS). This booklet was prepared with estimates and projections generated by CNLS/GTC staff, using the AIDS Impact Model.

  5. Sierra Leone HIV modes of transmission study 2010

    This study is the outcome of close collaboration between UNAIDS and UNICEF, Sierra Leone Country Offices to support the Government of Sierra Leone to respond to the HIV epidemic in the country through the National AIDS Secretariat by initiating the UNAIDS Modes of Transmission model for Sierra Leone. The purpose of the model is to understand the sources of new HIV infections for better programme planning and support of programme pillars. …

  6. An In-Depth Analysis of HIV Prevalence in Ghana: Further Analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys Data

    This report presents findings from a further analysis study undertaken as part of the follow-up to the 2003 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). ORC Macro provided technical assistance for the project. Funding was provided by the USAID. This report is part of the MEASURE DHS program, which is designed to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS. …

  7. Demographic and socioeconomic patterns of HIV/AIDS prevalence in Africa

    Understanding the demographic and socioeconomic patterns of the prevalence and incidence of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial for developing programs and policies to combat HIV/AIDS. This paper looks critically at the methods and analytical challenges to study the links between socioeconomic and demographic status and HIV/AIDS. Some of the misconceptions about the HIV/AIDS epidemic are discussed and unusual empirical evidence from the existing body of work is presented. Several important messages emerge from the results. …

  8. Getting sensitive. Helping civil society groups gain funding for gender-sensitive HIV programmes. An Exploratory Project in Malawi and Uganda

    In sub-Saharan Africa, home to two-thirds of all people living with HIV, 60% are now women. In some regions, women account for increasing percentages of all infections, especially young women (aged 15 to 24), who are particularly vulnerable. In sub-Saharan Africa, their risk of HIV infection is three to five times higher than that of young men (UNAIDS, 2008). The Exploratory Project was a partnership of GTZ and two established NGOs in Malawi and Uganda. …

  9. What is driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Swaziland and what more can we do about it?

    This report reviews the documents on behaviour and the epidemic in Swaziland in an attempt to establish what is driving the epidemic. It asks 'What is driving the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Swaziland? What more can we do about it?' Our conclusion is that the epidemic in Swaziland is very serious, but we know what is going on. There are some gaps in the research that need to be addressed but there is enough information available now to act. The workshop we held confirmed this. The biggest issues are around poverty and culture. …

  10. AIDS in Africa: country by country

    This document, developed as a resource for the delegates of the African Development Forum 2000, provides HIV/AIDS profiles of all African countries. The profiles give a picture of the state of Africa's HIV epidemic, its impact on the social and economic fabric, and the response of the various African nations to the unprecedented crisis caused by HIV/AIDS. …

  11. De l'impact du VIH/SIDA sur les familles/communautés rurales et de la necéssité de concevoir des stratégies multisectorielles en vue de prévenir la pandémie et d'en atténuer les effets dans les zones rurales

    Ce document passe en revue les publications disponibles sur les problèmes de VIH/SIDA quant à leurs effets sur les services de vulgarisation agricole. Il propose également des stratégies de vulgarisation agricole pour prévenir la maladie et en réduire l'impact sur les populations rurales, en collaboration avec les services techniques compétents. Toutefois, il relève que les connaissances en matière d'impact du VIH sur le développement agricole sont tirées d'études menées en Afrique de l'Est, de ce fait, les impacts pourraient être différents dans d'autres régions.

  12. Des infirmières face au SIDA : impact de l'épidémie sur les rôles professionnels dans un service de pédiatrie du Burkina Faso

    Les paramédicaux n'échappent pas aux divers aspects de l'épidémie du VIH, ni à son emprise directe sur la population et aux bouleversements du fonctionnement des institutions sanitaires dans lesquelles ils travaillent. …

  13. HIV/AIDS control in Kabarole District, Uganda

    Since the early 1980s, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has spread rapidly throughout the African continent. By the end of 2001 an estimated 29 million people were living with HIV in Africa. That same year 3.5 million people became newly infected with the disease and 2.2 million individuals died from AIDS-related causes. At the end of 2001, more than 14 million children worldwide had lost one or both parents to the epidemic. By providing support to a number of projects, GTZ has been assisting African countries in their fight against the epidemic since 1987. …

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