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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The Health of educators in public schools in South Africa

    The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of educators employed in this sector. …

  2. Evidence, politics and Uganda's HIV success: moving forward with ABC and HIV prevention

    Uganda’s HIV success story has become increasingly focused around the idea of ‘ABC’ (Abstain, Be faithful or use Condoms). During the George W. Bush administration, the US Government has promoted one specific ABC model for its development agencies, with a particular emphasis on abstinence. Yet other actors have contested this view. To understand Uganda’s success, it is imperative to look at what ABC was in Uganda when critical changes in behaviour were occurring. …

  3. Risk factor or social vaccine? The historical progression of the role of education in HIV and AIDS infection in sub-Saharan Africa

    Numerous epidemiological studies from the early years of the tragic HIV and AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa identified formal education as a risk factor increasing the chance of infection. Instead of playing its usual role as a preventative factor, as has been noted in many other public health cases, until the mid-1990s educated African men and women had a higher risk of contracting HIV than their less educated peers. This led to ambivalent policy about the efficacy of education as a possible social vaccine against new infections in this region. …

  4. Diretrizes para o fortalecimento das ações de adesao ao tratamento para pessoas que vivem com HIV e aids

    O Ministério da Saúde, por meio do Programa Nacional de DST e Aids, apresenta às organizações governamentais e da sociedade civil, que desenvolvem ações em HIV e Aids, as Diretrizes Nacionais para Fortalecer as Ações de Adesão para as pessoas que vivem com HIV ou aids (PVHA). Essas diretrizes têm a intenção de afirmar a importância da adesão ao tratamento, compreendida na sua maior amplitude conceitual, e recomendar ações que proporcionem melhoria na qualidade de vida de quem vive com HIV ou aids. …

  5. Reducing HIV Infection in Young Women in Southern Africa: The Key to Altering Epidemic Trajectories in a Generalized, Hyperendemic Setting

    This paper gives an overview of the HIV prevention battle in Southern Africa and supports the development of more balanced and innovative HIV prevention portfolio that adresses the real, immediate, and substantial risk facing young women from sub-Saharan African countries.

  6. Panorama regional: América Latina y el Caribe

    Documento del Fondo Mundial de lucha contra el sida, la tuberculosis y la malaria con una descripción de la situación de estas tres epidemias a nivel latinoamericano. Además describe la ayuda entregada por este fondo a diversos países y organizaciones de la región. Se detallan los casos de Argentina, Belice, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, República Dominicana, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guyana, Haití, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, Surinam y organizaciones regionales: Andino, CARICOM, CRN+, MESO, OECS y REDCA+.

  7. Es hora de romper el silencio

    Artículo del Grupo de Directores Regionales de Naciones Unidas co-auspiciadores de ONUSIDA, publicado por medios de comunicación de la región en el marco de la celebración de la XVII Conferencia Internacional sobre el SIDA (AIDS 2008) donde resaltan la importancia de la educación como respuesta al VIH/SIDA debido a como está afectando a niños, adolescentes y jóvenes en América Latina. Se entrega un panorama general de la epidemia en la región.

  8. VIH y comunicación: las estrategias de los programas nacionales de SIDA de América Latina. Estudio de caso sobre abogacía: Comunicando a Influyentes, de Honduras

    VIH y comunicación: las estrategias de los programas nacionales de SIDA de América Latina. Estudio de caso sobre abogacía: Comunicando a Influyentes, de Honduras

  9. VIH y comunicación: las estrategias de los programas nacionales de SIDA de América Latina

    Desde 1991, se han desarrollado 5 campañas nacionales de prevención del VIH/SIDA, con el objetivo de mantener el alerta social frente al riesgo de adquirir y transmitir el virus VIH, apoyar a las personas para el mantenimiento de conductas preventivas y contribuir a la solidaridad y la no discriminación de las personas viviendo con VIH/SIDA.Todas han implicado un trabajo de sistematización, investigación diagnóstica y evaluación de los efectos e impactos producidos.El documento ofrece un análisis de todas estas etapas concentrándose sobre la última (2002-2003)

  10. A development strategy to empower rural farmers and prevent HIV: Farmer Life Schools

    The report documents an effort of UNDP South East Asia HIV and Development Project in collaboration of FAO and the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) to mainstream HIV resilience building in the agricultural sector through an experiment called Farmer Life Schools (FLS). The FLS approach translates farmers' analytical thinking from plant ecosystem-base into analysing an individual's life as a human ecosystem - with factors that strengthen or weaken his/her resilience to adversities, which includes HIV.

  11. Exploring the Implications of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic for Educational Planning in Selected African Countries: The Demographic Question

    This analysis is based on applications of the AIDS Impact Model (AIM). At least two alternative population projections are used for each country (Zimbabwe, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda). The first projection is hypothetical and assumes that the HIV/AIDS epidemic never existed. Each of these projectionsis designated "Without AIDS" projection, for example, Uganda-Without AIDS. The second projection for each of the four countries traces the historical development of the epidemic as closely as possible and then projects forward to 2010. …

  12. Trends in HIV incidence and prevalence: natural course of the epidemic or results of behavioural change?

    Ce document analyse la validité et l'interprétation des tendances observées sur l'incidence et la prévalence du VIH ; il développe une meilleure compréhension des modèles épidémiologiques et génère des orientations pour évaluer les changements observés.

  13. How ready are we to address the relationship between HIV/AIDS and the quality of education?

    This presentation highlights results from a global readiness survey on the education sector in 100 countries. Data is captured on 11 areas; education system and statistical indicators, MoE HIV/AIDS structures, enabling environment, HIV/AIDS mainstreaming, human resources, workplace HIV/AIDS programmes, HIV/AIDS and the curriculum, infected and affected, partnerships, research and self-assessment and prioritization. …

  14. Effects of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic on Rural Communities in ACP Countries-A Reader

    This report focuses on the effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on rural communities in African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. The report is a collection of information on HIV/AIDS from various documents and websites. It gives statistics of the pandemic from various regions including Sub-Saharan Africa and also highlights on the impact of HIV/AIDS on women, food security, agriculture and youth. It also looks at issues on mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS in development, governance and accountabilty on HIV/AIDS, HIV treatment and challenges and opportunities for civil society. …

  15. The AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: are teachers a high-risk group?

    This article assesses the extent to which teachers in Sub-Saharan Africa are a ‘high-risk’ group with respect to HIV infection and AIDS-related mortality. The main conclusion that is drawn from this review is that little hard evidence exists to support the contention that teachers are more vulnerable to the epidemic than other occupational groups.

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