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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. The fifth South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2017 (SABSSM V)

    The Fifth South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey, (SABSSM V), a population-based cross-sectional survey of households in South Africa, was designed to assess the prevalence and trends of key HIV–related indicators. The survey was conducted between January and December 2017 by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and provides information on national and sub-national progress toward HIV epidemic control in the country. This report summarizes the HIV epidemic and impact of South Africa’s national HIV response.

  2. Investigating risky sexual behaviours among youth in the context of the HIV epidemic in Mbeya region, Tanzania

    Mitigating HIV and AIDS among youth has been a major policy agenda both internationally and nationally, within Tanzania. Two concerns associated with mitigation efforts are increasing sexual activity at young ages and a burgeoning population of out-of-school youth whom poverty, lack of supervision, and unemployment seem to push into alternative life patterns that present risks to their health. This situation poses a serious challenge for Tanzania, where half the population is categorised as young.

  3. The Health of educators in public schools in South Africa

    The provision of good quality education in public sector schools in South Africa is intrinsically linked to the health, wellbeing and productivity of educators employed in this sector. …

  4. AIDS at 35: a midlife crisis

    AIDS was first publicly reported on 5 June 1981 in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) of the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Doctors in New York and San Francisco were seeing clusters of previously extremely rare diseases such as Pneumocystis carinii, and Kaposi’s sarcoma. These infections manifested in exceptionally serious forms, initially, within a narrowly defined risk group — young, homosexual men, and led to death within a short period. …

  5. Histórias da aids no Brasil, 1983-2003. V.1: as respostas governamentais à epidemia de aids. V.2: a sociedade civil se organiza pela luta contra a aids

    Que o leitor encontre nas histórias aqui relatadas um testemunho vivo dos primeiros 20 anos da epidemia no Brasil e que esse testemunho possa servir de matéria de reflexão para os historiadores do tema no futuro.

  6. Defeating AIDS—advancing global health

    After more than a decade of major achievements, the AIDS response is at a crucial juncture, both in terms of its immediate trajectory and its sustainability, as well as its place in the new global health and development agendas. In May, 2013, the UNAIDS–Lancet Commission— a diverse group of experts in HIV, health, and development, young people, people living with HIV and affected communities, activists, and political leaders— was established to investigate how the AIDS response could evolve in a new era of sustainable development. …

  7. Enquête de surveillance comportementale auprès des jeunes : Rapport final

    L’Enquête de Surveillance Comportementale (ESC 2012) auprès des Jeunes de 15 à 24 ans a été exécutée par l’Institut National de la Statistique. Il s’agit de la quatrième enquête par sondage du genre qui a été réalisée au niveau de 38 sites sentinelles répartis à travers les 22 régions administratives du pays. Cette étude s’inscrit dans le cadre du dispositif mis en place à Madagascar pour la surveillance des comportements à risque vis-à-vis de l’infection à VIH. …

  8. Know Your HIV/AIDS epidemic from a gender perspective: Rwanda Report

    Decades of research from around the world has demonstrated that gender inequality negatively affects a range of health outcomes for adults, and gender inequality has been recognized as a key driver of the worldwide HIV epidemic. Managers at the national and subnational levels need information on the intersection of gender and HIV to address gender in the planning and implementing of HIV programs. Policy makers need information on interventions that are effective in accounting for gender inequities for decision making on national and global levels. …

  9. La situación de los niños, niñas y adolescentes con VIH en Argentina: Un diagnóstico colectivo del estado de la respuesta en los servicios de salud

    Con el objetivo de mejorar el conocimiento sobre la situación epidemiológica de los niños, niñas y adolescentes con VIH en Argentina y ampliar el saber sobre el estado de la respuesta que se ofrece desde los servicios de salud, la Dirección de SIDA y ETS del Ministerio de Salud de la Nación (DS y ETS) y la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría (SAP) organizaron un encuentro con los referentes de los servicios donde se atiende a la mayor parte de esa población, incluyendo a los principales laboratorios que participan del proceso de diagnóstico pediátrico. …

  10. Global HIV/AIDS response: epidemic update and health sector progress towards universal access: progress report 2011.

    Ce rapport fait le point sur les avancées réalisées jusqu’à la fin de l’année 2010 en vue d’élargir l’accès aux interventions du secteur de la santé destinées à la prévention, au traitement, aux soins et au soutien dans le domaine du VIH dans les pays à revenu faible ou moyen. Il est le cinquième d’une série de rapports de situation publiés chaque année depuis 2006 par l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance (UNICEF) et le Programme commun des Nations Unies sur le VIH/sida (ONUSIDA), en collaboration avec des partenaires nationaux et internationaux. Ces rapports font le suivi des éléments clés de la riposte du secteur de la santé à l’épidémie d’infection à VIH. Ce rapport reflète l’engagement des États Membres des Nations Unies, de la société civile et des organismes des Nations Unies de rendre des comptes sur les avancées mondiales de la riposte au VIH en assurant une surveillance continue et la publication régulière de rapports. L’année 2010 était l’échéance fixée en 2005 pour atteindre l’accès universel à la prévention, au traitement, aux soins et au soutien dans le domaine du VIH. Ce rapport constitue un repère important, une occasion de faire le point, d’identifier ce qui a été réalisé et ce qui reste à faire, et de porter un regard constructif sur l’avenir de la riposte à un moment particulièrement crucial de son action vis-à-vis de l’épidémie d’infection à VIH.

  11. The global HIV epidemics among sex workers

    Since the beginning of the epidemic sex workers have experienced a heightened burden of HIV across settings, despite their higher levels of HIV protective behaviors (UNAIDS, 2009). By gaining a deeper understanding of the epidemiologic and broader policy and social context within which sex work is set one begins to quickly gain a sense of the complex backdrop for increased risk to HIV among sex workers. …

  12. HIV/AIDS program in Jharkhand: a critical review

    This article is an attempt to present and elaborate the HIV/AIDS scenario in Jharkhand state of India, services available, key issues, challenges, and concerns at various levels to mitigate the epidemic. It also examines the role of different stakeholders and agencies in halting and reversing the epidemic. The findings show that there are various challenges that need immediate attention. The article critically examines these issues in detail and suggests the approach to address the epidemic.

  13. HIV and sexually transmitted infections in the Western Pacific region 2000-2010

    The countries in the Western Pacific Region have made good progress in reducing the transmission of HIV and providing services to people living with HIV (PLHIV). However, challenges remain and there are important gaps to be filled. This report documents the achievements and challenges of the health sector’s response to the HIV epidemic in the Region over the past decade. It identifies best practices and important opportunities to further reduce the number of new infections, and prolong and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV in the Western Pacific Region. …

  14. Turning a crisis into an opportunity: Strategies for scaling up the national response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Lesotho

    The way we interpret and understand HIV/AIDS influences our choice for programmatic interventions. Therefore, this report begins by providing conceptual starting points for a comprehensive understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Chapter 1 sets the national historic context, which serves as a backdrop to the heritage which we seek to preserve, and the will of the people to win. …

  15. HIV modes of transmission model. Analysis of the distribution of new HIV infections in the Dominican Republic and recommendations for prevention

    The objective of the Modes of Transmission Model (MOT) is to use sources from different studies to generate an estimation of the specific populations foreseen to contribute most to the incidence of HIV during the coming year, so that prevention efforts and resources are directed to those populations.

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