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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. HIV and sexual and reproductive health programming: innovative approaches to integrated service delivery

    This compendium has profiled and analysed 11 case studies on integrated service delivery in the context of EMTCT from 9 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. All of the examples demonstrate a general trend towards the implementation of integrated service delivery models supported by policy frameworks adopted in country and by service organizations at the facility level. These promising practices are by no means exhaustive or geographically representative. They do, however, contain valuable and practical vignettes of integrated service delivery in countries with generalized HIV epidemics. …

  2. Health-promoting schools initiative in Oman. A WHO case study in intersectoral action

    Schools are an important social setting that can be used to improve community health in general and the health of schoolchildren in particular. The Health-Promoting Schools Initiative is one of the measures implemented through joint planning between different sectors to enhance the quality of life of the Omani population. This document outlines the initiative in Oman from 2004 to 2008. It describes the health status of school-age children and the initiative in terms of mechanisms, tools that were used in improving intersectoral action, monitoring and evaluation, and lessons learnt.

  3. Tracking gender mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS workplace policies of Zambian government line ministries. Support to the HIV/AIDS Response in Zambia (SHARe) project

    The overall objective of this study is to determine the extent to which gender has been mainstreamed in HIV/AIDS workplace policies of government line ministries in Zambia, using a desk review approach. …

  4. UNAIDS Middle East and North Africa regional report on AIDS 2011

    In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the HIV epidemic has been on the rise since 2001. Although the overall HIV prevalence in the region is still low, the rise in new infections has put MENA among the top two regions in the world with the fastest growing HIV epidemic. The rise in the estimated number of people living with HIV in the region presumably is the result of an increased HIV prevalence among key populations at higher risk and a forward transmission of the virus to a larger number of individuals who are generally at lower risk of infection.

  5. A situational assessment of the national response to HIV/AIDS in Belize

    The National Strategic Plan provides a guide to Belize's scaled-up national response to HIV/AIDS. It sets out the fundamental principles, the broad approaches, and the actions needed to achieve its strategic objectives. In order to achieve this overarching goal, three priority areas were identified to guide the HIV/AIDS response: Harmonization, Prevention and Mitigation. …

  6. Regional situation analysis of accelerating the education sector response to HIV and AIDS in the EAC partner states

    This regional situation analysis focuses on the responses to HIV of the education sector within the East African Community region, which covers five partner states - Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania (comprising Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar). …

  7. Assessment of Curriculum Response in 35 countries for the EFA Monitoring Report 2005 "The Quality Imperative"

    This study does not address the level of implementation of HIV/AIDS education, but the framework and conditions set in policies and curricula for curriculum implementation. This analysis will however lead to an evaluation of the likely quality of implementation that may be expected, regarding criteria established through existing research and evaluation. From the analysis of the curriculum, which states goals, intention and, what can be expected to be actually implemented as HIV/AIDS education in schools and class rooms. …

  8. Cambodia: Success in HIV/AIDS National Response and Challenges in The Future

    This is a report from the Cambodia Development Cooperation Forum that took place from 19-20 June 2007. It looks at epidemiology of the disease - Cambodia is sustaining a concentrated epidemic while maintaining a significant treatment and impact mitigation burden. Coordination of the response trends and progress in the National Response Challenges in the National Response Cambodia's Universal Access Indicators and Targets - 2008 and 2010.

  9. Bulgaria National HIV/AIDS response. Experience from a new EU Member State (2001-2007)

    Bulgaria is still a country with low HIV prevalence in the general population. However, the country faces a great challenge related to the possibility of rapid development of concentrated epidemics in separate group identified as most-at-risk (mainly among injecting drug users, men who have sex with men and sex workers). There are already epidemiological and behavioural indications. The risk is also related to the possible increase of HIV cases among other social groups, where the main mode of transmission is the heterosexual one, and where a generalized epidemic can develop. …

  10. Developing policies on the sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people in Europe

    This companion publication summarizes the guidelines and recommendations contained in the main Policy Guide "Guide for Developing Policies on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Young People in Europe". Launched during IPPF European Network's final SAFE conference in Brussels, this policy guide provides a series of broad recommendations intended to guide policymakers and programmers in creating a more youth-friendly SRHR policy environment for young people.

  11. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  12. The impact of HIV and AIDS on teachers: national responses to prevent and mitigate impact

    The impact of HIV and AIDS has been the subject of much speculation and concern. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, many researchers and analysts were predicting devastating impact on the ranks of teachers and the wholesale collapse of education systems. Since then, the evidence of many high-prevalence countries in southern Africa suggests that this impact has not been as dramatic as first feared and that the pandemic has not, in fact, decimated entire education systems. …

  13. The global economic crisis and HIV prevention and treatment programmes: vulnerabilities and impact

    The global economic crisis threatens recent gains in health and poverty reduction in developing countries. What is the effect of the crisis on HIV programmes, especially in high HIV prevalence countries? What are the possible consequences? What can be done to avoid negative impacts? Much is at risk: increased mortality and morbidity, unplanned interruptions or curtailed access to treatment, with increased risk of HIV transmission, higher future financial costs, increased burden on health systems and reversal of economic and social development gains.

  14. Assessing the Integration of gender and Human Rights in HIV Related Documents and Processes in Selected Southern African Countries. A rapid assessment

    This report presents the findings of a desk study undertaken to assess the integration of gender and human rights in HIV-related documents and processes in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It highlights best practices, lessons learned, and areas for future action. The report implies an urgency to move from the status quo, whereby the centrality of gender equality and human rights in the pandemic regionally is underestimated. …

  15. Morocco: a national AIDS response

    The Moroccan AIDS response gave rise to the National Strategic Plan, which now serves as a reference throughout Africa. The National Strategic Plan has contributed to keeping the national seroprevalence at a low level. This document outlines the process of development and the key elements of the plan: sentinel surveillance of HIV; syndromic case management of sexually transmitted infections; social communication in respect to HIV; confidential voluntary HIV counselling and testing; and case management.

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