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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. ECD and the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa

    An unprecedented number of young children in Sub-Saharan Africa are being adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, yet programs specifically designed to meet the developmental needs of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) from birth to age 8 are rare. This article summarizes the daunting array of challenges facing young OVC in Sub-Saharan Africa, and profiles research and action projects undertaken by four members of the inaugural graduate-level cohort of the ECDVU to promote high-quality developmentally appropriate ECD care for young OVC in their respective countries. …

  2. Saving lives for a lifetime: Supporting orphans and vulnerable children impacted by HIV/AIDS

    President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR's) response to the millions of children impacted by HIV/AIDS was to designate 10% of its budget to securing their futures, making it the leading supporter of programs reaching orphan and vulnerable children (OVC) programs globally. This article describes the evolution of PEPFAR's OVC response based on programmatic lessons learned and an evergrowing understanding of the impacts of HIV/AIDS. …

  3. National response to psychosocial needs of children: three year strategic plan 2008-2010

    This strategic plan is aimed at ensuring that all children in need of psychosocial support (PSS) in Swaziland are reached. It will further strengthen and standardize the quality of PSS training, service delivery and finally advocate for mainstreaming of PSS in all programmes targeting children in the country. The strategy advocates that all PSS interventions should be grounded in the Swazi culture. …

  4. USAID/Zambia CHANGES2 Program final report: June 2005 - September 2009

    The American Institutes of Research (AIR)/Community Health and Nutrition, Gender and Education Support - 2 (CHANGES2) program was implemented through an EQUIP1 Associate Award. The program commenced operations in June 2005 and was completed in September 2009. CHANGES2 received funding from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Africa Education Initiative (AEI), Development Assistance (DA), Fast Track Initiative (FTI), and the Economic Support Fund (ESF). …

  5. Establishing, reviewing and implementing national plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in Southern and East Africa: lessons learnt and challenges

    This report focuses on the experiences of Save the Children in monitoring, implementing and reviewing NPAs in Angola, Ethiopia, South Africa, Swaziland, Mozambique, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Each of the country offices commissioned the documentation of case studies to identify promising practices and challenges around effective implementation of NPAs. This report consolidates these case studies and aims to draw lessons learnt from the various efforts undertaken by the country offices. …

  6. Plan d'action sectoriel 2007-2010 de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA

    Ce document est une synthèse de l'analyse situationnelle du VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation et de la proposition de plan sectoriel qui en découle pour la période 2007-2010. Il ambitionne de mettre à la disposition du Ministère de l'Education Nationale un outil fiable de mise en oeuvre des activités de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. Sa réalisation s'inscrit dans le cadre national défini par le Ministère de lutte contre le SIDA (MLS) à travers le Plan Stratégique National 2006-2010 de lutte contre le SIDA. …

  7. Guidance document: Developing and operationalizing a national monitoring and evaluation system for the protection, care and support of orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

    While a number of countries have developed a national response plan for OVC, and the OVC M&E Guide (Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of the National Response for Children Orphaned and Made Vulnerable by HIV/AIDS) provides specific indicators to monitor and evaluate the national response, national OVC monitoring systems remain weak in most countries. …

  8. Mapping the Response: Protecting, Caring for and Supporting Orphans and vulnerable Children in Cambodia

    This mapping exercise was conducted because impact mitigation, and particularly support to orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), is seen as one of the "unfinished agendas" for the country and a top priority in the HIV and AIDS response. It has been conducted alongside a Situation and Response Assessment and estimate of the OVC population, so that together they can be used to analyse coverage and identify geographical and programmatic gaps and priority areas. …

  9. Namibia national plan of action for orphans and vulnerable children 2006-2010

    This Plan of Action supplements the National Policy by identifying concrete activities in support of these goals. It was developed through a collaborative process involving various stakeholders under the leadership of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare. It also takes into account the views of Namibian children, especially orphans and vulnerable children. …

  10. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  11. Highly vulnerable children: 2008 country profile for Uganda

    This country profile for Uganda provides a snapshot of the range of agencies and programs working toward responding to emergency and long-term needs and improving the lives of highly vulnerable children. It is hoped that the Ministry of Gender, Labor, and Social Development; U.S. …

  12. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector and the achievement of EFA in Kenya

    An analysis was carried out to indirectly estimate the imapct of HIV on the education sector in Kenyan provinces using the Ed-SIDA model which uses teacher demographic information and combines this with epidemiological projections to determine the number of teachers who are living with HIV, their AIDS absenteeism and associated mortality. The main results were that HIV prevalence among Kenyan teachers can be expected to be high, 15%, due to teachers belonging to vulnerable age groups. …

  13. Civil society organisations working with orphans and other vulnerable children: capacity assessment tool for quality OVC responses

    This tool can be used to analyze the capacity of national Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) that implement Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children (OVC) activities. Specifically, the tool can beáused to identify capacity building needs, plan technical support interventions, and monitor and evaluate the impact of capacity building support. The tool was developed to enable the use of participatory processes to assess capacity gaps/needs of national OVC CSOs in a number of areas. The tool also enables the development of capacity building action-plans to address the identified gaps/needs. …

  14. Synthesis of evidence. Fouth Global Partners Forum on Children Affected by HIV and AIDS, Dublin, Ireland, 6-7 October 2008

    This paper's main aim is to synthesize recent existing evidence and outline the key messages that will improve understanding of the situation of children affected by HIV and AIDS. It is intended to stimulate a wider dialogue among policymakers, practitioners, researchers and donors.

  15. Getting in line: coordinating responses of donors, civil society and government for children affected by HIV and AIDS

    In 2007, a nine-country study in East and Southern Africa was commissioned to map involvement and define roles and responsibilities of civil society in expanded national AIDS responses to orphans and children made vulnerable by AIDS. Getting in Line analyses these country studies and provides recommendations to increase engagement between civil society, external agencies and government and assist their alignment with the vision, principles and strategies contained in national plans of action.

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