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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. ECD and the HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa

    An unprecedented number of young children in Sub-Saharan Africa are being adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic, yet programs specifically designed to meet the developmental needs of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) from birth to age 8 are rare. This article summarizes the daunting array of challenges facing young OVC in Sub-Saharan Africa, and profiles research and action projects undertaken by four members of the inaugural graduate-level cohort of the ECDVU to promote high-quality developmentally appropriate ECD care for young OVC in their respective countries. …

  2. USAID/Zambia CHANGES2 Program final report: June 2005 - September 2009

    The American Institutes of Research (AIR)/Community Health and Nutrition, Gender and Education Support - 2 (CHANGES2) program was implemented through an EQUIP1 Associate Award. The program commenced operations in June 2005 and was completed in September 2009. CHANGES2 received funding from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Africa Education Initiative (AEI), Development Assistance (DA), Fast Track Initiative (FTI), and the Economic Support Fund (ESF). …

  3. Plan d'action sectoriel 2007-2010 de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA

    Ce document est une synthèse de l'analyse situationnelle du VIH/SIDA dans le secteur de l'éducation et de la proposition de plan sectoriel qui en découle pour la période 2007-2010. Il ambitionne de mettre à la disposition du Ministère de l'Education Nationale un outil fiable de mise en oeuvre des activités de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA. Sa réalisation s'inscrit dans le cadre national défini par le Ministère de lutte contre le SIDA (MLS) à travers le Plan Stratégique National 2006-2010 de lutte contre le SIDA. …

  4. Schools as Centres of Care and Support (SCCS): Responding to the Needs of Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Rural Areas

    Southern Africa's rural and impoverished communities are some of the hardest hit by the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Large numbers of vulnerable children in these AIDS-affected communities struggle to access resources and services they desperately need and are entitled to. Despite this, most children still attend school, making schools an obvious avenue through which to address the multiplicity of needs of vulnerable children. The case study presented here describes an innovative and effective programme built on the principles of a multi-sectoral approach to HIV and AIDS. …

  5. Estimates of the Impact of HIV and teacher ART take-up on the Education Sector and the achievement of EFA in Kenya

    An analysis was carried out to indirectly estimate the imapct of HIV on the education sector in Kenyan provinces using the Ed-SIDA model which uses teacher demographic information and combines this with epidemiological projections to determine the number of teachers who are living with HIV, their AIDS absenteeism and associated mortality. The main results were that HIV prevalence among Kenyan teachers can be expected to be high, 15%, due to teachers belonging to vulnerable age groups. …

  6. USAID/Zambia changes2 program monitoring and evaluation plan. 2007 Revised Submission

    CHANGES2 began implementation in August 2005 and will continue through September 2009. Funded by USAID and designed to support the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ), CHANGES2 works to improve quality basic education and improve the health status of communities in four of Zambia's provinces: Copperbelt, Central, Lusaka and Southern. …

  7. The long-run impact of orphanhood

    This paper presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes, in a region of Northwestern Tanzania. The paper studies a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 1991-94, who were traced and re-interviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19 percent, lost one or more parents before the age of 15 in this period, allowing the authors to assess the permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. The analysis controls for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fixed effects. …

  8. National plans of action for orphans and vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa. Where are the youngest children?

    In 2005, an estimated 48 million children aged 0-18 years, that is to say 12 percent of all children in sub-Saharan Africa, were orphans, and that number is expected to rise to 53 million by 2010. One quarter of all orphans are orphaned because of AIDS, and about 2.6 million children are currently infected with HIV. In response to the general awareness of the increasing number of these children, a global initiative to develop national plans of action (NPAs) for these orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), or children affected by HIV and AIDS, has been launched. …

  9. Operational guidelines for supporting early child development (ECD) in multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS programs in Africa

    This document provides guidance for incorporating activities directed at infants and young children into HIV/AIDS programs in Africa. Effective, broad-scale interventions to assure the healthy physical, emotional, and cognitive development of young children are desperately needed in Sub-Saharan Africa and must be an essential component of any well-designed, integrated program to prevent and reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS in Africa. These guidelines are meant to be a ""work in progress"" and will be updated continually based on comments, new data and user experience.

  10. Monitoring and Evaluation Sub Group ("D") OVC Think Tank: Masiye Camp Zimbabwe August 2001

    This paper describes the monitoring and evaluation strategies suggested for Masiye Camp. It discusses the use of sample indicators and further recommendations in the context of the culture and community aspects and the criteria for te PSS Programmes in the Region for existing and new programmes.

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