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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. School-based sexual health education interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    The authors reviewed evaluations of school-based sexual health education interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to assess effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted infections and promoting condom use.

  2. WASH in schools empowers girls’ education: tools for assessing menstrual hygiene management in schools

    All children have the right to attend school and be actively engaged in their education without obstacles. Child-friendly environments are necessary for all children to thrive while at school. Creating and sustaining an enabling environment for children requires that their needs are known and met. Girls who are menstruating often do not have their needs fully met in their school environment. Many may face challenges managing menses in school that affect their overall educational experience. …

  3. Evaluation of the impact of the life orientation programme on HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools - pilot study

    The primary aim of this pilot research was to develop an instrument to evaluate the impact of the Life Orientation Programme (LOP) on sex, sexuality and HIV/AIDS in Gauteng schools at secondary level and if possible at primary level. …

  4. Development and test-retest reliability of a research instrument designed to evaluate school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in South Africa and Tanzania

    Aims: This article reports on the development and psychometric properties of an instrument to evaluate school-based HIV/ AIDS interventions aimed at adolescents in three African sites. Methods: The instrument was developed in a series of steps that involved a review of existing instruments; use of empirical data and secondary literature supporting an association between the variables of interest and sexual intercourse or condom use; operationalizing the constructs of the theoretical model employed; and using the objectives of the intervention. …

  5. Process evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS intervention in South Africa

    This paper presents a process evaluation that assessed the fidelity and quality of implementation, as well as the acceptability and subjective evaluations of a HIV/AIDS intervention among students and teachers. Methods: The process evaluation was conducted as part of a cluster randomized controlled trial of a theory- and evidence-based school HIV/AIDS intervention in Cape Town. The intervention was designed for grade 8 high school students and delivered by teachers over a six-month period. Twenty-six schools participated in the trial, 13 in the intervention group and 13 in the control group. …

  6. FRESH Tools for Effective School Health

    This document is intended to help individuals advocate for and implement HIV/AIDS/STI prevention through schools. Clearly showing that HIV prevention programmes are effective in reducing the risk of HIV infection among young people, it puts forward strong arguments for addressing HIV/AIDS/STI prevention through schools and why schools must accept the responsibility to educate their community members and work with them to determine the most appropriate and effective ways to prevent HIV infection among young people. …

  7. HIV/AIDS and primary school performance in Tanzania

    The authors examine the performance of the primary school education system in Tanzania over the 1990s. Given the relatively robust correlation between educational attainment and productivity established in the literature in both agricultural and non-agricultural sectors, human capital accumulation through education forms a major component of development strategy. At the same time, AIDS poses clear threats to the goal of human capital accumulation through education. …

  8. The leadership role of principals in managing HIV and AIDS at schools of the Western Cape education department

    The HIV and AIDS epidemic is deemed the single greatest threat to South Africa's future and its growth is one of the most rapid in the world. The South African government has marked 2006 as the year of accelerated HIV and AIDS prevention. It has become imperative that school leaders empower themselves in order to meaningfully deal with HIV and AIDS issues within the realities of the South African context. School principals are strategically situated to play a significant role in the struggle against HIV and AIDS in large school communities. …

  9. Workplace policies in public education: a review focusing on HIV/AIDS

    Policy governs many aspects of the professional lives of educators. It is also central to their and the sector's response to crises such as the HIV/AIDS epidemic. As such policy can contribute directly to curtailing the attrition of educators, by encouraging and providing protection against threats such as HIV/AIDS, and by creating a positive and supportive working environment. This study examines workplace and HIV/AIDS policies from the Department of Education (DoE) and the HIV/AIDS policies of two trade unions, as part of a broader study looking at the attrition of educators. …

  10. Plan d'Action Sectoriel de Lutte contre les IST et le VIH/SIDA

    Deux décennies se sont écoulées depuis l'apparition du virus de l'immunodéficience humaine ( VIH). Depuis lors, le VIH /SIDA s'est propagé très diligemment dans les pays en développement. Au Gabon, la progression de la pandémie est annoncée dès 1988 avec les premières enquêtes épidémiologiques montrant la prévalence de 1,8%. En 1993 le taux de cette prévalence était de 3,8%, pour culminer à 8% en 2001. …

  11. Communicating HIV/AIDS: an audit of provincial responses to HIV/AIDS in South Africa

    Over the past decade (1990-1999) South Africa's response to HIV/AIDS has intensified and diversified in line with the progression of the epidemic. For the most part, these activities have been located within the governmental health sector, and within a range of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community-based organisations (CBOs). …

  12. Etude sur les initiatives en matière de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA à l'école : bilan des initiatives de 1990 à 2001

    Depuis 1990, le Sénégal a initié des projets de lutte contre le VIH/SIDA grâce à l'effort conjugué d'un ensemble d'acteurs. Ce résumé analytique fait le bilan des initiatives de lutte et tente de répondre à des questions comme : quels sont les acteurs impliqués dans la lutte ? quels sont les objectifs, les stratégies, les moyens mis en oeuvre ? Quel est l'impact de ces interventions sur le public scolaire ? Ces initiatives sont-elles de nature à justifier le faible niveau de prévalence de l'infection du VIH/SIDA au Sénégal ?

  13. WHO/UNESCO pilot projects on school-based AIDS education: a summary

    This document is a synopsis of information available on pilot projects initiated jointly by WHO and UNESCO. The document provides a justification and the rationale for education on AIDS at school. It looks at the formulation and design of projects. It presents project objectives, site selection, project preparation and evaluation. The document also contains briefs on projects carried out in Ethiopia, Jamaica, Mauritius and the Pacific Islands, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Venezuela.

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