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This document represents a synthesis of country studies on the cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care initiated in the context of a UNESCO/UNAIDS research project. The studies aim to identify the interaction between culture, development and the HIV/AIDS problem, in order to adopt the appropriate preventive actions and care. More than a simple synthesis, the document identifies general trends within the different cultures with regard to risk perception, the complexity of AIDS, its socio-cultural and multidimensional impact. The document explores also the cultural diversity and identifies vulnerable groups within a society and culture. Lessons learned and recommendations have been formulated based on the data collected.
This report presents the proceedings and results of the Nairobi International Conference that was held from 2 to 4 October 2000 on "The Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and Care", a UNESCO and UNAIDS Project. Its main objectives were to summarize lessons learnt from Phase I of the Project (1998-1999), ii) to present activities in progress during phase II and iii) defining orientations for networking and a possible Joint Action Plan for years to come.