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UNESCO HIV and Health Education Clearinghouse

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  1. Gender, peer and partner influences on adolescent HIV risk in rural South Africa

    In preparation for a school-based intervention in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, the authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of potential HIV risk factors in youth ages 14–17 (n=983). Boys were significantly more likely than girls to report lifetime sexual activity (37.7% v. 13.8%, P<0.01). Among boys and girls, 46.1% reported condom use at last sex. Discussion of condom use with a partner was the strongest predictor of condom use (boys, odds ratio (OR)=7.39; girls, OR=5.58, P<0.0001). …

  2. Siyam'kela: Measuring HIV/AIDS-related stigma, A literature review

    Stigma has been identified as a complex, diverse and deeply rooted phenomenon that is dynamic in different cultural settings. As a collective social process rather than a mere reflection of an individual's subjective behaviour, it operates by producing and reproducing social structures of power, hierarchy, class and exclusion and by transforming difference (class, race, ethnicity, health status, sexual orientation and gender) into inequality. This document is a literature review about stigma in every sense of the word.

  3. Siyam'kela measuring HIV/AIDS related stigma. Tackling HIV/AIDS stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    The purpose of these guidelines is: to share the findings of the Siyam'kela study in a user-friendly way; to increase responsiveness amongst faith leaders and opinion leaders regarding the importance of creating accepting environments to reduce HIV/AIDS stigma; to provide recommendations on how to develop an HIV/AIDS-supportive environment.

  4. Young people's sexual partnerships in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: patterns, contextual influences, and HIV risk

    This study is an article extracted from "Studies in Family Planning" published in December 2008. It examines young people's sexual partnerships in rural KwazuluNatal, South Africa, focusing attention on key aspects of relationship dynamics, including number of partners, age asymmetries, and duration and frequency of contact, using both survey and qualitative data. Using household survey and qualitative data, the study foud that one-third of the men surveyed reported multiple and/or concurrent partnering, and one-fourth of the women had partners who were five years older than they were. …

  5. HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. Case studies of successful programmes

    From the start of the AIDS epidemic, stigma and discrimination have fuelled the transmission of HIV and have greatly increased the negative impact associated with the epidemic. HIV-related stigma and discrimination continue to be manifest in every country and region of the world, creating major barriers to preventing further infection, alleviating impact and providing adequate care, support and treatment. Projects, programmes and activities in a range of countries have innovatively challenged HIV-related stigma, discrimination and human rights violations. …

  6. Tackling HIV/AIDS Stigma: Guidelines for faith-based organisations

    These guidelines were developed to provide faith leaders, HIVAIDS committees,people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in the faith community and opinion leaders within the faith-based sector with practical and user-friendly recommendations on how to create an environment free of HIV/AIDS stigma. Additional guidelines for PLHAs and media, and the national government workplace sector, are also available. The guidelines are not exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with other guideline Siyam'kela documents produced on HIV/AIDS and stigma.

  7. Promising Practice of Stigma-mitigation Efforts from across South Africa. Reflections from: faith-based organisations, the workplace and people living with HIV/AIDS who interact with the media

    Promising practices from the three focus areas have a crucial role to play in offering leadership, vision, direction and inspiration in stigma mitigation. Faith-based organisations are important institutions in shaping values and attitudes to vulnerable people in society as well as developing appropriate and compassionate responses to social challenges. Government departments, both as employers of large numbers of South Africans and as providers of services to the population at large, are able to model exemplary policies and programmes around HIV/AIDS stigma. …

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